The Airfield
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The Airfield. Airside Components. Obstacle limitation surface 禁限建 Runways 跑道 Taxiways 滑行道 Lighting systems 燈光系統 Markings 標示 Signage 標誌 Navigational aids 助航設施 Parking areas 停機坪. Airside Components. Obstacle Limitation Surface 禁限建 Transitional Surface 1:7 of slope

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The Airfield

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The airfield

The Airfield

Airside Components


Airside components

Obstacle limitation surface

Runways

Taxiways

Lighting systems

Markings

Signage

Navigational aids

Parking areas

Airside Components


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Obstacle LimitationSurface

TransitionalSurface1:7 of slope

ConicalSurface1:20 of slope


Runways

Runway Orientation

Fixed-wing aircraft rely on airflow over the aircrafts wings to achieve the flight. the appropriate direction to take off an aircraft is into which way the wind is blowing.

As a result of this physical property of aircraft, airport runways are typically oriented to the prevailing winds of the area. The runways that are oriented into the prevailing winds are called Primary Runways.

The runways that are oriented into the common crossed winds are called Secondary Runways for lighter aircraft to use under cross-wind condition.

Runways


Runways1

Runway Identification

Runways are in fact defined by their orientation with respect to their degrees from magnetic north, divided by 10, rounded to the nearest integer.Ex: a runway oriented to northeast which is 022 degrees to the magnetic north, it would be identified as runway 02. To the other side of the runway, it is identified as runway 20.

Runways


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N

53 degrees


Runways2

Runway Markings

Runway Designators

Runway Centerlines

Runway Threshold Markings

Runway Aiming Point

Runway Touchdown Zone Markings

Runway Side Strips

Runways


Runways3

Runway Lighting

Approach Light system

Threshold lights

Runway Edge Lights

Runway centerline lights

Runway Touchdown Zone Lights

Runway End Indicator Lights

Precision Approach Path Indicator

Runways


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Taxiways

  • Taxiway Markings

    • Taxiway Centerlines

    • Intermediate Holding Position Markings

    • Runway Holding Position Markings


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Taxiways

  • Taxiway Lighting

    • Taxiway Edge light

    • Taxiway Centerline lights

    • Intermediate Holding position light

    • Stop Bar


Signage

Mandatory Instruction Signs

Information Signs

Signage


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VHF

HF

UHF


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(NDB)

(VOR)

(DME)

(ILS)

(MLS)


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(NDB)

(VOR)

(DME) (TACAN)


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(VOR)

(1)


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(ILS)(GP) (LLZ) (DME)

(MLS)(EL) (AZ) (DME)

(2)


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(ALS) (PAPI)

()

()

(3)


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(RVR)

()

(4)


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(ATS)(UPS)

(5)


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LLZ


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LLZ


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VOR


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The airfield


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(International Civil Aviation Organization ICAO)

ICAO Annex 10Aeronautical Telecommunications

ICAO Annex 14 Aerodromes

ICAO Aerodrome Design Manual Part 5


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CNS/ATM(/)

(1)


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CNS/ATM

(Data Link)(Voice)

(GNSS)(NAVAIDS)

(Dynamic)(Static)

(Management)(Control)

(2)


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CNS/ATM(/)

CNS/ATM

(3)


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VHF

HF

(4)


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(5)


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(SBAS) GPSCAT-I

(GBAS) GPSCAT-II/CAT-III

(6)


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(7)

( Nav Aids )

( GNSS )

(VOR)(NDB)

(ILS)(MLS)

GNSS

GNSS GPS() ,GLONASS () ,GALILEO ()


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(ADS)

(ASDE)

(8)


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(9)

( )

( & ADS)

RADAR

ADS Automatic Dependent SurveillanceADS-B


What have you learned

What are the major airside components?

Runway Orientations: what is so called Primary Runway? And Secondary Runway?

How to Identify the runway designators?

How many types of Markings and Lightings for a typical runway?

How many types of Markings and Lightings for a typical taxiway?

What have you learned?


What have you learned1

Are you able to identify what the taxiway structure a signboard indicates?For example:

What is the main purpose of Navigational Aids?

What does CNS/ATM means?

What have you learned?


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