The Airfield. Airside Components. Obstacle limitation surface 禁限建 Runways 跑道 Taxiways 滑行道 Lighting systems 燈光系統 Markings 標示 Signage 標誌 Navigational aids 助航設施 Parking areas 停機坪. Airside Components. Obstacle Limitation Surface 禁限建 Transitional Surface 1:7 of slope
Obstacle limitation surface
TransitionalSurface1:7 of slope
ConicalSurface1:20 of slope
Fixed-wing aircraft rely on airflow over the aircrafts wings to achieve the flight. the appropriate direction to take off an aircraft is into which way the wind is blowing.
As a result of this physical property of aircraft, airport runways are typically oriented to the prevailing winds of the area. The runways that are oriented into the prevailing winds are called Primary Runways.
The runways that are oriented into the common crossed winds are called Secondary Runways for lighter aircraft to use under cross-wind condition.
Runways are in fact defined by their orientation with respect to their degrees from magnetic north, divided by 10, rounded to the nearest integer.Ex: a runway oriented to northeast which is 022 degrees to the magnetic north, it would be identified as runway 02. To the other side of the runway, it is identified as runway 20.
Runway Threshold Markings
Runway Aiming Point
Runway Touchdown Zone Markings
Runway Side Strips
Approach Light system
Runway Edge Lights
Runway centerline lights
Runway Touchdown Zone Lights
Runway End Indicator Lights
Precision Approach Path Indicator
Mandatory Instruction Signs
(ILS)(GP) (LLZ) (DME)
(MLS)(EL) (AZ) (DME)
(International Civil Aviation Organization ICAO)
ICAO Annex 10Aeronautical Telecommunications
ICAO Annex 14 Aerodromes
ICAO Aerodrome Design Manual Part 5
( Nav Aids )
( GNSS )
GNSS GPS() ,GLONASS () ,GALILEO ()
( & ADS)
ADS Automatic Dependent SurveillanceADS-B
What are the major airside components?
Runway Orientations: what is so called Primary Runway? And Secondary Runway?
How to Identify the runway designators?
How many types of Markings and Lightings for a typical runway?
How many types of Markings and Lightings for a typical taxiway?
Are you able to identify what the taxiway structure a signboard indicates?For example:
What is the main purpose of Navigational Aids?
What does CNS/ATM means?