Airfield ground lighting
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Airfield Ground Lighting. Safety & Capacity Enabler. Airport Eco-System. Airport Customers. Airport Elements. Airport management is a complex business: many customers, providers, authorities and airport elements are involved and they do have conflicting interests. Passengers Baggage Cargo

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Airfield Ground Lighting

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Airfield ground lighting

Airfield Ground Lighting

Safety & Capacity Enabler


Airport eco system

Airport Eco-System

Airport Customers

Airport Elements

Airport management is a complex business: many customers, providers, authorities and airport elements are involved and they do have conflicting interests.

  • Passengers

  • Baggage

  • Cargo

  • Aircrafts

  • Runways

  • Taxiways

  • Apron Area

  • Pax Terminal etc.

Scen. 1

Scen. 2 …………

Scen. n

Airport managers have to evaluate the impact of the proposed

solutions (scenarios) in several key performance areas, considering all the stakeholders.

Capacity

Delays

Level of Service

Safety

Security

Emissions

Noise

Cost

HONEYWELL CONFIDENTIAL - FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY


Inefficiencies in ground operations

Inefficiencies in Ground Operations

  • Annually, at major airports in the United States (2009 ASPM)

    • Over 32 million minutes taxi-out delay (over unimpeded times)

    • Over 13 million minutes taxi-in delay (over unimpeded times)

  • Terminal-area volume responsible for 19% of delays at OEP 35 airports in 2009

    • Aircraft in Europe are estimated to spend 10-30% of their time taxiing [Airbus 2008]

    • A short/medium range A320 expends as much as 5-10% of its fuel on the ground [Airbus 2008]

    • Taxiing aircraft contribute to surface emissions as well as noise

  • Increased Taxi Times, Fuel Burn, Emissions

HONEYWELL CONFIDENTIAL - FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY


Needs of airside operations

Needs of Airside Operations

  • A-CDM (Airport Collaborative Decision Making)

  • Unambiguous communications

  • Runway entrance control

  • No confusing lights

  • Less stop and go

  • Continuous taxi speed

  • Improved controller efficiency

  • Optimizing the use of available infrastructure

  • Robust A-SMGCS (Advance Surface Movement Guidance and Control Systems)

Towards Optimized Ground Operations

HONEYWELL CONFIDENTIAL - FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY


Total airside management concept

Total Airside Management Concept

Total Operations Planner

Situation Assessment

Monitor & Control

Traffic Monitor

Pre-tactical

30min…3hr

EMAN

DMAN

E2E Turnaround Monitor

SMAN

AMAN

Tactical

30min

TMAN

A-SMGCS Alerting

A-SMGCS Surveillance

Onboard Guidance

Ground Guidance

Adhoc

Now

Airports Process

EMAN – EnRoute Manager

AMAN – Arr Manager

SMAN – Surface Manager

DMAN – Dep Manager

TMAN – Terminal Manager

ASMGCS – Advanced Surface Movement Guidance & Control System

More Predictable & Efficient Operations

Source: DLR

HONEYWELL CONFIDENTIAL - FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY


Airside impact

Airside Impact

Airport

Performance

Performance

Targets

Predictability & Open Communication

On-Time Performance /Service and Improve Work share

Collaborative Decisions & Data Availability

Mechanisms for Plan Adherence

Demand & Capacities

Rwys, Txwys, Stands, Ramp

Planned Flows for

Rwys, Txwys, Stands, Ramp

Management Paradigm – From Objs. down to Ops & Procs.

Level of Data Abstraction & Degree of Info Fusion

Events according to one holistic Process Model, “LH263 landed”, “Last Pax Boarded”,….

Airport Milestone Plan including

E2E Process Target Times and Resource Usage Plan

Positions & Identities (Trajectories) of all Objects at the Airports

e.g: Aircraft, Vehicles, Baggage, Cargo, Pax…

Planned trajectories for all Object at the Airport, Aircraft, Vehicles, Baggage, Cargo, Pax,….Nav – Support for Humans

Performance Driven Management

Source: DLR

HONEYWELL CONFIDENTIAL - FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY


A smgcs level as defined by icao

Carried out manually by Controller or Pilot / Driver

Carried out automatically by the System

State of the art and recommended by Honeywell

A-SMGCS Level as Defined by ICAO

A-SMGCS Level

I

II

III

IV

V

Optimized Ground Management

Towards Optimized Ground Operations

HONEYWELL CONFIDENTIAL - FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY


Delivery safety capacity predictability

ArrivalManagement(AMAN)

DepartureManagement(DMAN)

Objects

Surveillance

Coop

Non Co-op

Sensor Fusion

Echoes, Replies, Broadcast

Data Acquisition

Surveillance Results

Voice Communication

Control of Lights & SignsData Link to Co-op Objects

Location, IdentificationVelocity, Heading

Guidance

(Airfield Ground Lighting)

Stop Bar or TXC Switching

Warnings, Alerts

Control(Monitoring, Alerting)

Conflict Resolution

Deviation fromPlanned Routes

Controller

(Human Machine Interface)

Planned Routes

Planned Routes

Routing andPlanning

Planning Rules and Parameters

AirlineManagement

AerodromeManagement

Delivery Safety, Capacity & Predictability

Surface Manager

(SMAN)

HONEYWELL CONFIDENTIAL - FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY


Airside system integration architecture

Airside System Integration Architecture

Total Airside Management System

HONEYWELL CONFIDENTIAL - FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY


A smgcs guidance with agl

A-SMGCS Guidance with AGL


Runway functions safety

Runway Functions (Safety)

  • Runway Protection

    • Time to touch down in an ‚Impending Arrival‘ arrow

    • Automatically switching on and locking of runway stop bars 30 sec before touch down

    • Show runway as occupied

    • Automatically switch off stop bars behind landing aircraft

    • Automatically switch off all stop bars, if aircraft slower than 80km/h

      • video scene

  • Smart Runway Protection

    • Automatically switch on runway stop bar in front of aircraft for line up or crossing runway

      • video scene

HONEYWELL CONFIDENTIAL - FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY


Taxiway functions safety

Taxiway Functions (Safety)

  • Aircraft separation (blocking) under CAT II/III

    • Under weather condition CAT II/III there is always one switched on stop bar between two aircrafts video scene

Taxiing with Guidance by TXC and STB; Fog

Picture Source: Atrics GmbH


Individual routing capacity

Individual Routing (Capacity)

  • Automatic Individual Routing

    • An optimal route (with relation to distance) is shown for each individual aircraft which has a stand or runway as destination

    • On a landing aircraft the runway exits are switched on into the direction of the destination

    • The route for each pilot is displayed with taxiway center line lights

    • The route ends at a switched on stop bar, an aircraft which drives in front, at the border of an area of responsibility, at the destination

      • video scene

    • If a pilot leaves his assigned route a ‚route deviation‘ alert is generated and as soon as possible a new optimal route is calculated and displayed to the pilot

      • video scene


Individual collective routes

Individual & Collective Routes

  • Individual routes consider restricted areas (Safety)

    • Restricted areas are considered by individual routes video scene

  • Collective route for lot of aircrafts and displayed through the taxiway center line lights

  • Taxiing with Guidance by TXC

    Picture Source: Atrics GmbH


    Key benefits

    Key Benefits

    • Safety – 70% less incursions

      • Prevention of Runway Incursion with increased situational awareness for pilots

    • Efficiency & Environment

      • Continuous Taxi Speeds – pilot maintain speed at intersections

      • Reduced Handover delay – frequency is free from continuing taxi clearance

      • Improved Traffic Sequencing – More time for planning by reduced workload

      • Smooth Flow of Traffic – No route deviations or holding position overruns

    • Capacity – Up to 15% increase and corresponding reduce in delays

      • Increased LVP Taxiway throughput – Automated provisioning of longitudinal separation

    • Cost Effectiveness

      • Increased Controller Productivity – Handle Traffic growth without additional resources

      • Economic use of lighting equipment – Reduced lamp burning and replacements

    HONEYWELL CONFIDENTIAL - FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY


    Sesar ju follow the green results

    SESAR-JU “Follow the Green” Results

    • Increased FLIGHT CREW’S SITUATIONAL AWARENESS (>Factor 3)

    • Pilots see a potential in further improving SITUATIONAL AWARENESS by providing information on sequences and stop reasons, e.g. via GMG

    • Reduced FLIGHT CREW’S WORKLOAD (>50%)

    • Reduced FLIGHT CREW’S FRUSTRATION LEVEL (less ambiguity)

    • Very good USABILITY values (easy to understand and credible)

    • Increased SAFETY (4 route deviations in pre-SESAR, none with AGL)

    Source: SESAR AGL Validation

    HONEYWELL CONFIDENTIAL - FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY


    Sesar ju follow the green results1

    SESAR-JU “Follow the Green” Results

    • Reduced TAXI TIMES (>37% in low-vis, >17% in CAVOK)

    • Increased TRAFFIC FLUENCY (> -65% stops in low-vis, > -40% in CAVOK)

    • Reduced FUEL BURN (>40% in low-vis, >18% in CAVOK)

    • Reduced EMISSIONS (>40% in low-vis, >20% in CAVOK)

    • Improved AIRPORT TAXI PERFORMANCE (~100% performance in low-vis)

    • Reduced MOVEMENT DELAY (>50% time reduction TXR to movement)

    • Reduced COMMUNICATION EFFORT (~50% reduction of R/T time)

    Source: SESAR AGL Validation

    HONEYWELL CONFIDENTIAL - FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY


    Airfield ground lighting

    Thank You For Your Attention,

    and remember:

    With 400 tons and 400 passengers that you are responsible

    for, you need somebody to lighten your way!


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