Airfield Familiarization
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Airfield Familiarization. TAXIWAY MARKINGS. Painted markings: Center and Edge Markings = YELLOW. TAXIWAY LIGHTING. Taxiway Edge Lights = BLUE Taxiway Centerline Lights = GREEN. TAXIWAY SIGNAGE. Black signage with Yellow letters denotes the taxiway you are on

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Airfield Familiarization

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Airfield familiarization

Airfield Familiarization


Taxiway markings

TAXIWAY MARKINGS

  • Painted markings:

    • Center and Edge Markings =YELLOW


Taxiway lighting

TAXIWAY LIGHTING

  • Taxiway Edge Lights = BLUE

  • Taxiway Centerline Lights = GREEN


Taxiway signage

TAXIWAY SIGNAGE

  • Black signage with Yellow letters denotes the taxiway you are on

    • “Yellow on Black is where you’re at”

      Yellow signage with Black letters denotes the taxiway you are approaching


Airfield familiarization

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Runway numbering

RUNWAY NUMBERING

  • Runway numbering system based on compass headings (360=North)

  • A Runway running north with a heading of 340 would be Runway 34

    • The opposite end would be the 180 degree reciprocal or Runway 16 (340-180=160 or “16”

  • Runways have two ends. In aviation language the smaller number is always stated first eg. RWY 8/26


Runway numbering1

RUNWAY NUMBERING

  • If runway heading is < than 180, then add 180 to obtain reciprocal runway eg. Runway 07 (70 + 180=250 or Runway 25)

  • If runway heading is > than 180, then subtract 180 to obtain reciprocal runway eg. Runway 25 (250 - 180= 070 or Runway 07)


Runway markings

RUNWAY MARKINGS

  • Edge Lines---WHITE

  • Centerline---WHITE

  • Letters & numerals---WHITE, outlined in BLACK


Runway lighting

RUNWAY LIGHTING

  • Edge Lights—WHITE

  • Centerline Lights---WHITEexcept for last 3000 feet, then alternating Red & Yellow to last 1000 feet, then all Red

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Airfield familiarization

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Airfield familiarization

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Holdbars

HOLDBARS

  • Also used to protect Runway Safety Areas

  • Denotes you are approaching a runway

  • “HOLD SHORT” lines

  • Double YELLOW Solid lines

  • Double YELLOW Dashed lines

  • Outlined in BLACK


Runway environment

RUNWAY ENVIRONMENT

  • Four (4) indications that a Taxiway ends and a Runway begins:

    Full Hold Bars-

    Runway Sign-

    Runway Guard Lights-

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Runway markings1

Aiming Point Markings

Touchdown Zone Markings

Centerline Markings

Runway Designation Markings

Threshold Markings

Runway Markings

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Cont runway markings

Cont. Runway Markings

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Displaced Threshold Markings


Lahso markings

LAHSO Markings

  • “Land and Hold Short” markings

  • Rwy 35L short of 12-30

  • Rwy 30 short of 17R-35L


Taxiway markings1

Taxiway Markings

Runway Hold

Position

Markings:

Indicated by two solid and two broken yellow lines.


Cont taxiway markings

Cont. Taxiway Markings

Non-Movement Area Boundary Markings:

Indicated by a solid and dashed yellow line.

ILS Critical Area Holding Position Marking:

Indicates location on a taxiway where an aircraft or vehicle is to stop when it does not have clearance.


Cont taxiway markings1

Cont. Taxiway Markings

Taxiway Markings:

Indicated by yellow lines with black outlines.

End of Pavement


Airfield signage

Airfield Signage

Hold Position

Indicated by white numbers

on a red background.

Taxiway

Location :

Indicated by yellow letters

on a black sign.


Cont airfield signage

Cont. Airfield Signage

Inbound

Direction Sign:

Indicates the direction of destinations for pilots. This sign indicates direction to the Military installation.

Outbound Destination Sign

Indicates the direction of runway for outbound aircraft.


Cont airfield signage1

Cont. Airfield Signage

Hold Position Signs for Runway Approach Areas:

Installed on Taxiways that are located in the approach areas.

Mandatory Hold Position Signs for Runway:

Do not proceed beyond this sign without clearance from ATCT.


Cont airfield signage2

Cont. Airfield Signage

Runway Distance Remaining Sign:

Sign number indicates the length of runway remaining in 1,000 of feet.

ILS Critical

Area

Mark the boundary of an ILS critical area, and advice operators where to stop to avoid interfering with aircraft navigational signals.


Cont airfield signage3

Cont. Airfield Signage

Direction Sign:

Sign number indicates the length of runway remaining in 1,000 of feet.


Runway lighting1

Runway Lighting

  • Edge (white/amber)

  • Threshold (green/red)

  • LAHSO

  • In-pavement lights (17L-35R)

    • Centerline

    • Touchdown Zone


Taxiway lights

Taxiway Lights

  • Edge (Blue)

TAXIWAY edges are indicated by Blue lights.


Airfield lighting

Airfield Lighting

RUNWAY edges are indicated by White lights, followed by Amber and then Redas you move closer to the end of the runway.

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Visual approach slope indicator vasi

Visual Approach Slope Indicator (VASI)

The VASI is a system of lights on the side of an airport runway that provides visual descent guidance information during the approach to a runway

View of VASI from approach.


Standard vasi

Consist of two sets of lights

Each set designed to appear either white or red depending on angle viewed.

If on “Glide Slope”, first set of lights will appear white and second set red.

If “High on Glide Slope”, both appear white.

If “Low on Glide Slope”, both appear red.

Most common type of VASI system

Standard VASI system viewed from approach.

Standard VASI


Precision approach path indicator papi

A light system that consists of two, three, or four boxes of lights that provide a visual indication of an aircraft’s position on the glidepath.

Depending on the angle, lights will appear red or white.

Precision Approach Path Indicator (PAPI)

  • On glidepath when two white and two red lights are viewed.

  • If high more white lights will be visible.

  • If low more red lights will be visible.

Precision Approach Path Indicator (PAPI)


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