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Emerging Cleavages. A New Europe? A New Right?. Final Exam:. Thursday, April 17 th 9-11:00 AM SN2000 List of questions to be distributed Thursday Format: 2 Essays. Europe in the new millennium. A larger and somewhat deeper European Union Democratic Generally prosperous

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emerging cleavages

Emerging Cleavages

A New Europe?

A New Right?

final exam
Final Exam:

Thursday, April 17th

9-11:00 AM

SN2000

List of questions to be distributed Thursday

Format: 2 Essays

europe in the new millennium
Europe in the new millennium
  • A larger and somewhat deeper European Union
  • Democratic
  • Generally prosperous
  • Yet signs that older patterns eroding
    • Wider swings in elections
    • Weakening support for established parties
    • Growth of new right
the new right
The New Right
  • Front Nationale (FN) in France
  • Lega Nord (LN) in Italy
  • Freedom Party (FPÖ) in Austria
  • Democrats (Sweden)
  • Danish People’s Party
  • Flemish Block (Belgium)
  • List Pim Fortuyn (LPF) and the Freedom Party (PVV) in the Netherlands
new right parties
New Right Parties
  • Populist
  • Leader-centred
  • Common features: Anti parties
    • anti-EU
    • anti-immigrant
    • anti-establishment
  • Positions not always internally consistent
    • Tend to be anti-state, pro market
    • But sometimes also protectionist
explaining the new right
Explaining the New Right
  • Weakening hold of established parties:
    • Difficulties maintaining or re-establishing electorates of belonging – loyal supporters
  • Ability of capitalize on disgruntlement, sense that things are not quite right
  • Use of local issues – e.g. Lega & anti-southern sentiment
  • Use of the media
euro skepticism
Euro-skepticism
  • Stronger in some countries than others
    • UK
    • Denmark
  • EU & Europe as an elite project, about which voters were not consulted
    • Enlargement
    • EURO
    • Constitution
  • Dutch and French referenda as example
    • Desire to ensure local (member-state) control
anti immigrant sentiment
Anti-immigrant sentiment
  • Immigration & migration largely unplanned or not fully thought through
  • Growing concentrations, especially in larger centres
  • Incomplete integration and assimilation
    • Marginal economic position – insufficient employment or opportunities
    • Differences in values – caught between two worlds
    • Incomplete acceptance by host populations
anti establishment sentiment
Anti-establishment sentiment

Elites seen as

  • Out of touch
  • In collusion – parties the same
  • Not coping with real problems

Examples:

  • Austria: reaction against proporz & power-sharing
  • Netherlands:
    • Saga of Pim Fortuyn
    • Geert Wilders and the Freedom Party
where is this going
Where is this going?
  • Is the New Right a new party family?
    • Patterns of surge and decline
    • Difficulties when brought into government
  • Responses from established parties:
    • Policy shifts…
    • Repositioning & regrouping…
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