Unit One. 词汇的掌握. 考试大纲词汇要求. 掌握 4250 个单词和 500 个常用词组 复用式掌握其中的 1800 常用单词和 200 个词组 派生词 试题中词汇语法题占 20 分. ① The newly promoted assistant manager expressed a wish to be ____ to the London branch. （ 2005 年 ） [A] exchanged [B] transmitted [C] transferred [D] moved A 交换 B 传送 C 调动 D 搬到.
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[A] exchanged [B] transmitted
[C] transferred [D] moved
A 交换 B 传送 C 调动 D 搬到
[A] Take off [B] Take after
[C] Take up [D] Take on
A 脱掉 B 与…相似 C 开始 D 呈现
[A] take down [B] taken on
[C] taken in [D] taken up
A 写下 B 呈现 C 欺骗 D 占据
[A] alerted [B] reminded
[C] led [D] persuaded
A. 警告 B 提醒 C 引导 D 劝说
短语: alert sb. to sth. 警告…
A. excess B. success
C. process D. access
A. 过度 B. 成功 C. 过程 D. 接近（机会）
There is nothing ____ about a native English-
speaking teacher except that he speaks English
easily and well.
[A] particular [B] special
[C] specific [D] especial
--- We accused him of stealing the book.
--- The picture reminded me of the old days.
--- The teacher informed us of the meeting
--- The man robbed the old lady of her purse.
be accustomed to + 名词/Ving;
be used to +名词/Ving 习惯于…
比较：used to + 动词 过去常常做…
--- We are accustomed to the weather here.
--- He is used to living in the big city now.
--- He used to help me when I was in trouble.
--- We used not to go fishing on Sunday.
adopt: 收养， 采纳， 采用
词组：adopt sth. 采纳…
adopt sb. 收养某人
adapt: 使…适应; 改编
--- He adopted our suggestion.
--- Since they have no children of their own, they decided to adopt a little girl.
--- The boy adapted himself to the life here.
The new immigrants found it hard to____
themselves to the climate of the country.
[A] adopt [B] adapt
[C] regulate [D] coordinate
用法：adjust (oneself) to + 名词
make progress 取得进步
make an advance/make advances 取得进步
--- We have made progress these days.
--- He has made advances both in work and in
词组：be able to do sth. （能够做…)
词组：be capable of doing sth. （能够做…)
词组：be competent to do sth.
be competent for sth.
available (to): 可用的， 可获得的
applicable (to): 适用的；可应用的；
--- Breakfast is available to fishermen from 6. a.m..
--- There are three small boats available for hire.
Powerful computers _____ translating
documents from one language into the other
have recently been developed in Japan.
[A] able to [B] available to
[C] capable of [D] liable to
None of the servants were ____ when Mr.
Smith wanted to send a message.
[A] available [B] applicable
[C] approachable [D] attainable
短语：be liable to do sth. 易于….的
--- We are liable to make mistakes.
短语: be liable to sth. 易患…..
--- A baby is liable to diseases.
--- I can afford the bike.
--- How can I afford (to spend) so much money for a car?
alone: 副词 单独地； adj. 单独的 （只作表语）
lonely: adj. 孤单的， （作表语和定语）
--- I spent a lot of time alone.
--- You are not alone any longer.
--- a lonely island
I shall have a companion in the house after
all these ______ years.
[A] lonely [B] sole
[C] single [D] alone
effective: 有效的， 有影响力的
efficient: 效率高的， 有效率的
--- take effective measures 采取有效措施
--- effective medicine
--- The telephone system is highly efficient.
One of the most ____ ways of improving
listening comprehension is by watching
[A] specific [B] effective
[C] special [D] efficient
They took _____ measures to prevent poisonous
gases from escaping.
[A] beneficial [B] effective
[C] fruitful [D] valid
have an effect on sth….. (对… 有影响）
--- The noise from the street affected our work.
[A] influence [B] acted
[C] effected [D] affected
--- Does the drug take long to act?
--- In this case we acted properly and responsibly.
raise: 使… 上升； 提高；
rise: 上升， 升起
arouse: 唤起； 激起；
With oil prices keeping _____, people are
hesitating whether to buy a car or not.
[A] rising [B] arising
[C] raising [D] arousing
--- raise the rent of the room 提高房租
--- raise the standard of living 提高生活水准
--- raise wheat 种小麦
--- raise a child 养小孩
--- The book arouses my interest in English.
--- arouse anxiety/curiosity/suspicion
All the British universities receive some
government ___ except Buckingham.
[A] allowance [B] grants
[C] funding [D] cooperation
Life presents many barriers, and all too often
those who work hardest may not receive great
[A]rewards [B] grants
[C] allowance [D] praise
词组: reward sb. with sth.
--- The teacher rewarded the student with a
用法: award sth. to sb.
award sb. sth.
--- The judges awarded the first prize to her
for her picture.
--- The judges awarded her the first prize for
specific: 明确的， 具体的； 特定的
especial: 特别的， 尤其,格外的（文语词）
--- This is the special day in the history of our country.
--- I want a specific explanation.
--- She has an especial fondness for music.
--- There is nothing in the letter of particular importance.
[A] specific [B] proficient
[C] efficient [D] special
contribute to sth. 贡献…; 导致…
attribute … to … 把… 归因于
distribute sth. 分发
--- The design faults contribute to the tragedy.
--- Women tend to attribute their success to luck.
--The guy distributed the leaflets and posters to passers-by.
Those who failed in the entrance examinations
are likely to ___ their failures to bad luck.
[A] contribute [B] attribute
[C] distribute [D] retribute
以下短语意思: 引起…;导致… (主语为原因; 宾语为结果)
--- Your carelessness will lead to failure in work.
--- I don’t know what brought about the change
in his thinking.
--- His failure in the exam resulted
from his carelessness.
--- She attributed her failure to bad luck.
request sb. to do sth. 请求…做…
require sb. to do sth. 要求…做…
need sb. to do sth. 需要…做…
request that….( 从句用虚拟语气）
require that….( 从句用虚拟语气）
persuade sb. to do sth. 劝…做…
dissuade sb. from doing sth. 劝阻…
More to learn:
--- a persuasive opinion
In European universities, students are
not ____ to attend classes.
[A] requested [B] persuaded
[C] needed [D] required
--- Beside his plate is a pile of books.
--- She has many good qualities besides
--- I don’t take any drugs except aspirin.
--- He reads nothing except comic magazines.
--- He goes to the library every day except when he is not well.
--- The movie was good except for the ending.
--- We enjoyed the party except for the loud
( 除了音乐嘈杂了点， 我们在舞会上很开心。）
____ Japanese, she has to study another foreign
[A] Except [B] Except for
[C] In addition to [D] Beside
In addition to… = besides
The little village hasn’t changed much
____ a new road and two more stores.
[A] except [B] besides
[C] except that [D] except for
[A] except for [B] aside from
[C] away from [D] insides of