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Unit one . Verbs to Be . Parts of speech in English. Nouns pronouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Prepositions . Nouns . Nouns are used to name: - people (Sara , Ahmad, Girl, Doctor, etc. Places (hospital, Garden, house, Riyadh, France)

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Unit one

Unit one

Verbs to Be


Parts of speech in english
Parts of speech in English

  • Nouns

  • pronouns

  • Verbs

  • Adjectives

  • Adverbs

  • Prepositions


Nouns
Nouns

Nouns are used to name:

- people (Sara , Ahmad, Girl, Doctor, etc.

  • Places (hospital, Garden, house, Riyadh, France)

  • Animals and insects(cat, bird, horse, bee)

  • Things (chair, belief, childhood, perfume)


Nouns1
Nouns

  • Singular: (only one) we use a or an in front of a singular noun.

  • a is used with a word that begins with a consonant: ( b, d , c , f, k, etc.)

    abook adoor acar ateacher

  • an is used with a word that begins with a vowel: (a, u, i, e, o)

    anapple anegg anidea anuncle


Add a or an
Add (a) or (an)

…….eye

……university

…….heart

…….hour

……bed

…….office


Nouns2
Nouns

-Irregular plural

(change form)

Man men

Tooth teeth

Mouse mice

Child children

Sheep sheep

Fish fish

  • Plural: (group or many).

    - regular plural s

    A book books

    a busbuses

    a watchwatches

    a dishdishes

    a boxboxes

    a baby babies

    a boy boys

    a life lives

    a Knife knives


Subject pronouns
Subject pronouns

Subject pronouns are used in front of the verb to show the person who performs the action.

He = for a manor a boy

She= for a woman or a girl

It= for an animal, a thing, or a place

They= for the plural (people, animals, things and places)


Simple present of be
Simple present of Be

  • Iam a teacher. Youare students.

  • Weare ladies. Sheis Saudi.

    Heis a doctor. Itis a book.


Negative of to be
Negative of to Be

I amnot a student. She isnot American.

You arenot from England.

We arenot hungry.

It isnot good.


The eiffel tower
The Eiffel Tower

The Eiffel Tower is aniron tower located in Paris. The tower is the tallest building in Paris and the most-visited paid monument in the world; millions of people visit it every year. Tickets can be purchased to ascend, by stairs or lift, to the first and second levels.

- singular nouns

- Plural nouns


Correct the mistakes
Correct the mistakes

1- The new dresses are beautiful but it is expensive.

2- My mother is a doctor. He likes to help people.

3- I love Paris. she is one of the most beautiful cities in the world.

4- Those are the new books. We look good.


Adjectives
Adjectives

1- Nationality adjectives: We usually make adjectives of nationality from the name of the country. We write the country and the adjective with a capital letter.

Argentina Argentinian

Brazil Brazilian

Egypt Egyptian

Ireland Irish

Morocco Moroccan

Poland Polish


Adjective
Adjective

2- Descriptive Adjective:They describe people, things, or places.

Danny is happy. Lemons are yellow.

They are hungry. She is tall.

The adjective always goes before the noun.

They are happy people.

It is a small skirt.

Riyadh is a beautiful city.

Adjectives do not change for singular or plural.

He is famous.

They are good women.


Make each sentence plural
Make each sentence plural:

1- An apple is red.

2- She is a good woman.

3- It is a new computer.

4- I am Polish.

5- A good friend is important.


Adjective1
Adjective

3- Possessive adjectives: we use possessive adjectives before nouns to show that something belongs to someone.

This is my book His name is James.

Your mother is here. Her house is big.

I visited the kids in their school.

We are watchingourfavorite movie.

Don’t judge a book by itscover.


Complete the passage with my your his her its our or their
Complete the passage. with my, your, his, her, its, our or their:

I have a brother. ……………. Brother is married. ……..wife is a teacher. They have a baby. ………….baby is six months old. The baby is a girl. …………..name is Susan. I have a sister, too. …………name is Sandra. She is married and …………husband’s name is George. They have a boy. …………..name is Alex.


Adjectives1
Adjectives their:

  • 4- Demonstrative adjectives: We use this and these for people and things that are near to us.

  • We use thatandthosefor people and things that are not near.


Louise and her daughter Mandy are going to London. Complete the sentences with this, these, that, those, it or they:

  • Is this the train to London?

  • Yes, ……………… is.

  • Excuse me, are …………….seats here free?

  • Yes, …………….are.

  • ……………..seat here is good. ………..by the window. Mandy! Look at …………….horses over there!.

  • Yes. ………………are lovely. Mum, I’m hungry.

  • …………..are the sandwiches, Mandy. ………….sandwich here is cheese and …………..sandwich there is ham.

  • ………………..sandwich here please. Mm. ………………..sandwich is good.


Yes no questions with to be
Yes/ no questions with to be. the sentences with

  • Are you a student?

    Yes, I am.

    No, I’m not.

    Is she American?

    Yes, She is

    No, she isn’t.


Read the information about the girl then complete the questions and answers
Read the information about the girl . Then complete the questions and answers:

Name: Patricia Lopez

Age: 20

Job: student

Nationality: Spanish

Marital status: single

1- ………………. A teacher? No, …………….

2- Is she young? Yes, ……………….

3- Is she Brazilian? ……………………..

4- ………... Spanish? ……………………..

5- ……………20 years old? ……………………..

6- Is she a student? Yes, ………………

7- ………… 21 years old? No,


Questions with what where and who
Questions with What, where, and who questions and answers:

  • What to ask about things.

    What is that?

  • Where to ask about place.

    Where is Liza?

  • Who to ask about people.

    Who is he?


Make questions
Make questions: questions and answers:

1- ………………………………………..?

She is Sara Jones.

2- ………………………………………….?

She is an actress.

3-……………………………………………?

She is from New York.


Make questions1
Make questions: questions and answers:

1- …………………………………………..?

We are Julie and Pierre.

2- ………………………………………………?

We are from France.

3- ………………………………………………?

He is my brother.


Prepositions of place
Prepositions of place questions and answers:


Describe the picture
Describe the picture: questions and answers:


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