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Imperialism. What were the causes of the “new imperialism”? Why was western imperialism so successful? How did governments rule their empires?. Imperialism is the political, economic, or cultural domination by one country of another nation, country, or region When? 1870-1914 Why? (Causes)

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slide2
What were the causes of the “new imperialism”?
  • Why was western imperialism so successful?
  • How did governments rule their empires?
slide3
Imperialism

is the political, economic, or cultural domination by one country of another nation, country, or region

When?

1870-1914

Why? (Causes)

Read p.614 “In 1877, the young British…

slide4

Read the poem on the next slide (or on p. 618 of the softcover text)

  • What is the message of the author do you think?
the white man s burden a poem by rudyard kipling
“The White Man’s Burden” a poem by Rudyard Kipling

Take up the White Man\'s burdenSend forth the best ye breed--Go bind your sons to exileTo serve your captives\' need;To wait in heavy harness,On fluttered folk and wild--Your new-caught, sullen peoples,Half-devil and half-child.Take up the White Man\'s burden--In patience to abide,To veil the threat of terrorAnd check the show of pride;By open speech and simple,An hundred times made plainTo seek another\'s profit,And work another\'s gain.Take up the White Man\'s burden--The savage wars of peace--Fill full the mouth of FamineAnd bid the sickness cease;And when your goal is nearestThe end for others sought,Watch sloth and heathen FollyBring all your hopes to nought.Take up the White Man\'s burden--No tawdry rule of kings,But toil of serf and sweeper--The tale of common things.The ports ye shall not enter,The roads ye shall not tread,Go mark them with your living,And mark them with your dead.Take up the White Man\'s burden--And reap his old reward:The blame of those ye better,The hate of those ye guard--The cry of hosts ye humour(Ah, slowly!) toward the light:--"Why brought he us from bondage,Our loved Egyptian night?"Take up the White Man\'s burden--Ye dare not stoop to less--Nor call too loud on FreedomTo cloke your weariness;By all ye cry or whisper,By all ye leave or do,The silent, sullen peoplesShall weigh your gods and you.Take up the White Man\'s burden--Have done with childish days--The lightly proferred laurel,The easy, ungrudged praise.Comes now, to search your manhoodThrough all the thankless yearsCold, edged with dear-bought wisdom,The judgment of your peers!

economic interests
ECONOMIC INTERESTS
  • Manufacturers wanted access to natural resources.
  • Manufacturers hoped for new markets for factory goods.
  • Colonies offered a valuable outlet for Europe’s growing population
political military interests
POLITICAL & MILITARY INTERESTS
  • Merchant ships and naval vessels needed bases around the world.
  • Competition with other European countries
  • Land = Power
social darwinism pseudo science
SOCIAL DARWINISMPseudo science
  • Herbert Spenser— “Survival of the fittest”
  • Johannes Blumenbach—Skin color & Shape of head
  • Many westerners viewed European races as superior to all others.
  • “Natural Selection” imperial conquest as nature’s way of improving the human species
slide12

3 Forms of New ImperialismComplete the Right Column with Indirect or Direct Rule AND what kind of domination it is (political, economy or complete)

slide14

Which continent(s) were colonized primarily?

Which country had the most colonies?

3. What other conclusions can you come to from looking at this map?

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