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2009-2010 Building Communities Educational Series Community Development in a Difficult Economy … Readying for the Rebound Engaging the Community to Develop Sustainably with Professors Randy Stoecker and Jerry Hembd. Brought to you by the Center for Community & Economic Development

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Brought to you by the center for community economic development university of wisconsin extension

2009-2010Building Communities Educational SeriesCommunity Development in a Difficult Economy … Readying for the ReboundEngaging the Community to Develop Sustainably with Professors Randy Stoecker and Jerry Hembd

Brought to you by the Center for Community & Economic Development

University of Wisconsin-Extension


Housekeeping details

Housekeeping details

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Today s presenters

Today’s Presenters

Randy Stoecker

Professor and Community Development Specialist

Center for Community and Economic Development

University of Wisconsin-Madison/Extension

Jerry Hembd

Professor and Community Development Specialist

Northern Center for Community and Economic Development

University of Wisconsin-Superior/Extension


Overview

Overview

  • Change – past, present, future

  • Moving toward a new economy

  • Building a new community

  • How do we get there?


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Good News: The Business Cycle


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Bad News: The Business Cycle


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6th Wave

5th Wave

4th Wave

3rd Wave

2nd Wave

1st Wave

Waves of Innovation

Source: Natural Edge

SustainabilityRadical resource productivityWhole system designBiomimicryGreen chemistryIndustrial technologyRenewable energyGreen nanotechnology

IronWater PowerMechanizationTextilesCommerce

Innovation

Digital networksBiotechnologySoftware information technology

PetrochemicalsElectronicsAviationSpace

Steam powerRailroadSteelCotton

ElectricityChemicalsInternal combustion engine

1785 1845 1900 1950 1990 2020


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Other Upward Trends

Considering the Implications of Growth


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World Population, 10,000 BC to Present


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World Population Projections

World population from 1800 to 2100, based on UN 2004 projections and US Census Bureau historical estimates.


Societal pressure on earth systems

Societal Pressure on Earth Systems

Source:

International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, 2004


Societal pressure on earth systems1

Societal Pressure on Earth Systems

Source:

International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, 2004


Conceptual reform in economics seven big ideas

Conceptual Reform in Economics: Seven Big Ideas

  • Adjust economic scale

  • Shift from growth to development

  • Make prices tell the ecological truth

  • Account for nature’s contributions

  • Apply the precautionary principle

  • Revitalize commons management

  • Value women

Source: Gardner, Gary, and Prugh, Thomas, Project Directors. State of the World 2008: Innovations for a Sustainable Economy. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2008.


Moving toward a new economy

Moving Toward a New Economy

Green economy

Green collar economy

Sustainable economy

Clean economy

Post-carbon (or carbon neutral) economy

Circular (recycling) economy

Steady-state economy

Human-scale economy

Local living economy


Evolving views of the community

Evolving Views of the Community

Economy

Environment

Economy

Environment

Society

Society

Environment

Society

Economy

Unconnected or silos view

Interconnected or linkages view

Interdependent, nested, or systems view


Systems thinking

Systems Thinking

  • Systems consist of individual but interrelated parts.

  • Systems depend on the relationshipsamong the parts as much as the parts themselves.

  • These relationships make the wholegreater than the sum of its parts.

  • When you dissect the system, you destroy the pattern of relationships.


Sustainable community development

Drivers

Sustainable development and systems thinking

Goal

Sustainability

Emerging Strategies

Green collar jobs

Alternative and renewable energy sources

Local food systems

Sustainable (eco) tourism

Triple bottom line business

Industrial ecology

Valuing ecosystem services

Precautionary principle

Eco-municipality movement (The Natural Step)

Transition Towns

Sustainable Community Development


Wisconsin eco municipalities

Wisconsin Eco-municipalities

Town of La Pointe

City of Washburn

City of Ashland

City of Madison

City of Bayfield

Town of Bayfield

Douglas County

Village of Johnson Creek

City of Marshfield

City of Manitowoc

City of Neenah

City of Menasha

Town of Menasha

City of Eau Claire

Town of Cottage Grove

City of La Crosse

La Crosse County

City of Stevens Point

City of Wausau

City of Beloit

City of Baraboo

City of Sheboygan

Dunn County

Village of Spring Green

Village of Colfax

Town of Greenville

Village of Shorewood


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Energy Independent Communities


Four sustainability principles

Four Sustainability Principles

In a sustainable society, nature is not subject to systematically increasing...

...concentrations of substances extracted from the Earth’s crust,

...concentrations of substances produced by society,

...degradation by physical means,

and, in that society...

...people are not subject to conditions that systematically undermine their capacity to meet their needs.


Fundamental human needs

Fundamental Human Needs

Subsistence

Protection

Participation

Idleness

Affection

Understanding

Creativity

Identity

Freedom


Transition model

Transition Model

“ . . . a positive, solutions-focused way of gathering those around you together to start exploring community-scale responses to peak oil and climate change.”

Rob Hopkins. The Transition Handbook, 2008.


Transition guiding principles

Transition: Guiding Principles

  • Inner and Outer Transition

  • Positive Visioning

  • Inclusion and Openness

  • Enable Sharing and Networking

  • Build Resilience

  • Self-organization and decision making at the appropriate level


Three basic policy goals

Three Basic Policy Goals

  • Sustainable scale

  • Just distribution

  • Efficient allocation

Source: Daly, Herman. Ecological Economics. Island Press, 2004.


Building a new community

Building a New Community

Durable

Sturdy

Stable

Hardy

Robust

Resilient

Human scale

Self-reliant

Localized


Community engagement

Community Engagement

Participatory

Inclusive

Decentralized

Self-organizing

Horizontal

Open

Collective

Fair and just

Empowering


How do we get there

How do we get there?

  • The sustainability-participation connection

    • Ecosystems are about connectedness and interdependence

    • Relationships are more important than parts

    • Wisdom is about understanding interdependence

    • Understanding of others can only occur through interaction with them

    • Interacting requires participation of everyone


Ladder of participation

Ladder of Participation

Arnstein, Sherry R. "A Ladder of Citizen Participation," JAIP, Vol. 35, No. 4, July 1969, pp. 216-224


Who doesn t participate the excluded

Who doesn’t Participate--the Excluded

  • People with lower income

  • People with less education

  • People of color

  • People with disabilities

  • Single parents

  • Immigrants


How to prevent the excluded from participating

How to Prevent the Excluded from Participating

  • Meetings during working hours

  • Meetings without child care

  • Mealtime meetings without food

  • Inaccessible meetings

  • No translation at meetings

  • No public transport to meetings


How to discourage the excluded from participating

How to Discourage the Excluded from Participating

  • Elites control the agenda

  • Plan is worked out before the meeting

  • Final decisions will be made by others

  • Boring meetings

  • Non-interactive meetings

  • Results of meeting are ignored


The consequences of exclusion

The Consequences of Exclusion

  • NIMBYism

  • Disillusionment

  • Abstinence from elections

  • Distrust of government

  • Tax resistance

  • Development resistance


Changing our thinking

Changing our Thinking

  • Respecting adversarial democracy

  • Embracing diversity

  • Climbing up the ladder of participation

  • Appreciating creativity


Building the base for inclusion

Building the Base for Inclusion

  • Building relationships with the excluded (one on ones, small groups, listening projects)

  • Building participation skills of the excluded

  • Organizing the excluded (from small groups to sustainable organizations)


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There are contradictory material interests.

There is not an honest desire among power holders to share power.

Why Consensus Processes May Not Work


Adversarial processes

Adversarial Processes

  • Riots

  • Protests

  • Community organizing


Professional challenges for the community worker

Professional Challenges for the Community Worker

  • Elites like having control

  • Elites control the community worker’s salary

  • Racism, sexism, classism, homophobia, etc.


Managing the challenges

Managing the Challenges

  • Dividing elites

  • Educating elites

  • The civic engagement backdoor


Resources

Resources

  • The Guide to Effective Participation http://www.partnerships.org.uk/guide/index.htm

  • The Citizen’s Handbook http://www.vcn.bc.ca/citizens-handbook/

  • The Study Circles Resource Center http://www.studycircles.org/

  • Fond du Lac Diversity Circles http://www.fdl.uwc.edu/diversitycircles/

  • Consensus Organizing Center http://consensus.sdsu.edu/

  • Organizing http://www.tenant.net/Organize/


Questions

Questions?

Randy Stoecker

Professor and Community Development Specialist

Center for Community and Economic Development

University of Wisconsin-Madison/Extension

(608) 890-0764

[email protected]

http://www.uwex.edu/ces/cced

Jerry Hembd

Professor and Community Development Specialist

Northern Center for Community and Economic Development

University of Wisconsin-Superior/Extension

(715) 394-8208

[email protected]

http://www.uwsuper.edu/ncced


Next year

Next year

Thank you for joining us for this year’s webinar program.

The UW-Extension Center for Community and Economic Development (CCED) and our County/Tribal Extension Offices and their partners have been sponsoring this webinar series for many years. We will conduct an evaluation of our programs this summer and determine our next series based on your input. If you have specific comments and ideas you’d like to share, please contact the CCED directly by emailing the Director, Greg Wise, at [email protected]


Archive access

Archive Access

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