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APPEASEMENT PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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APPEASEMENT. Throw the dog a bone…. What were some of the feelings that people had after the First World War?. WWI Aftermath. Massive numbers of dead Destruction People didn’t want to see another war like that

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Throw the dog a bone…

What were some of the feelings that people had after the first world war

What were some of the feelings that people had after the First World War?

Wwi aftermath

WWI Aftermath

  • Massive numbers of dead

  • Destruction

  • People didn’t want to see another war like that

  • The whole idea of peace, and keeping that peace was brought up and influenced policies.

The league of nations

The League of Nations

  • The UN – but old school

  • Set up after WWI by President Woodrow Wilson to ensure that no more wars would happen.

    • Mentioned in his 14 points

  • Uphold peace and security, and collective disarmament

  • Ensured that Versailles was upheld…sort of…

Japan tests the league 1931

Japan Tests the League - 1931

  • Population grew, Japan needed resources

  • Invaded China – province of Manchuria

  • League’s response?

  • International context

  • #LONfail

Italy tests the league 1935

Italy Tests the League - 1935

  • Rise of Mussolini

    • Hitler comparisons

  • Invades Ethopia

  • PM Mackenzie King does nothing

  • Canadian/World Context

  • Mussolini created the Fascist party

    • Tried to make a modern Roman Empire through dictatorship

    • “Il Duce”

  • #LONfail

Hitler s foreign policy was built on three aims

Hitler’s Foreign Policy was built on three aims

  • To reverse the Treaty of Versailles

  • To create a “Greater Germany” by uniting all German speaking people

  • The creation of Lebensraum - living space for the German people.

The treaty of versailles

The Treaty Of Versailles

  • Hitler removes Germany from the LON

  • The German Army was limited to 100,000 men

    • Hitler triples it in 1935

  • Germany had to pay reparations to the allies

    • Hitler refuses to

  • Germany had to accept the War Guilt Clause (231)

  • Germany lost 13% of its territories and all her colonies

Hitler showed he didn t care about versailles

Hitler showed he didn’t care about Versailles

What do you think the response of the League was?

Rhineland 7 march 1936

Rhineland – 7 March 1936

  • Initially set up as a buffer zone between France and Germany

  • Enters the de-militarized zone after WWI

    • Sends in soldiers with shovels and light munitions.

  • Wanted to see what Britain and France would do

  • Significance?

Let s be friends

Let’s be friends

  • Hitler openly defied the Treaty of Versailles and the League did nothing

  • Italy and Japan also had defied the League

  • World was not ready for another WW

  • 1936 – Japan, Italy and Germany agree to support each other.



  • A policy aimed to prevent aggressors from starting wars by finding out what they want and agreeing to demands that seem reasonable

  • Neville Chamberlain was the British Prime Minister that negotiated with Hitler

King visits hitler 1937

King Visits Hitler - 1937

  • “A man of deep sincerity”

  • King loved the idea of appeasing Hitler

    • Canadian position

  • King was a mama’s boy

  • Hitler convinces King of no further aggression

Anschluss 1938

Anschluss - 1938

  • Reunification of Austria and Germany

  • Hitler breaks his promise of leaving Austria alone.

  • Gave the Austrian President a ultimatum, and then marched in

  • Took over a country without firing a shot

  • Germany’s population instantly adds 6 million people



  • Hitler’s Greater Germany would have a population of over 85 million people

  • Germany’s land would be insufficient to feed this many people

  • Hitler intended to expand eastward towards Poland and Russia

  • Russians and Poles were Slavs-Hitler believed them to be inferior and so Germany was entitled to take their land.

Creation of a greater germany

Creation of a Greater Germany

  • Hitler wanted a single homeland for all German speaking people

  • After Versailles millions of Germans were living in Foreign countries

  • The Treaty of Versailles had forbidden the union of Germany and Austria- The Anschluss

1938 munich agreement

1938 Munich Agreement

  • Pact for the annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudentenland

  • Czechoslovakia was not present at the conference

  • Significance of the territory.

Chamberlin s fatal mistake

Chamberlin’s fatal mistake

  • Chamberlin is invited by Hitler to discuss the annexation of Czechoslovakia

  • Eventually appeases Hitler and allows it

  • Czech’s are pressured by Britain and France to give up territory

  • 1939 march into Czech territory – Munich betrayal

Chamberlin video

Chamberlin Video

Molotov ribbentrop pact

Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact

  • Hitler (fascist) and Stalin (communist)

  • Expansion of both countries territories

  • Two front war

  • SU was suspicious of the West

    • Wasn’t at the Munich agreement

  • Hitler and Stalin divide Poland secretly.

Wwii is ready to go

WWII is ready to go



  • Is Chamberlin responsible for the start of the Second World War, or was he right in adopting appeasement as his foreign policy?

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