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Erik Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development. Karina Bober Marisa Thibodeau Ashley Campbell. Stage 1 of 8: Infancy. Birth to 18 months Basic trust vs. Mistrust Hope Emphasis on parents’ nurturing ability and care for the child Maladaptation: sensory distortion, withdrawal.

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Erik erikson s stages of psychosocial development

Erik Erikson’sStages of Psychosocial Development

Karina Bober

Marisa Thibodeau

Ashley Campbell


Stage 1 of 8 infancy
Stage 1 of 8: Infancy

  • Birth to 18 months

  • Basic trust vs. Mistrust

  • Hope

  • Emphasis on parents’ nurturing ability and care for the child

  • Maladaptation: sensory distortion, withdrawal


Stage 2 of 8 toddler early childhood
Stage 2 of 8: Toddler / Early Childhood

  • 18 months to 3 years

  • Autonomy vs. Shame

  • Will

  • Opportunity to build self-esteem and autonomy as child learns new skills and right from wrong

  • If well-cared for, the child will carry themselves with pride rather than shame

  • Maladaptation: impulsivity, compulsion


Stage 3 of 8 preschooler
Stage 3 of 8: Preschooler

  • 3 to 5 years

  • Initiative vs. Guilt

  • Purpose

  • Children exhibit a desire to copy adults, create play situations, make up stories, play out roles, etc.

  • Oepedial struggle which is resolved through social role identification

  • Child experiences guilt if frustrated over natural desires and goals

  • Most significant relationship is with the basic family

  • Maladaptation: ruthlessness, inhibition

  • Example of children trying different roles or making up stories


Stage 4 of 8 school age child
Stage 4 of 8: School age child

  • 6 to12 years

  • Industry vs. Inferiority

  • Competence

  • Children are capable of learning new skills and knowledge, thus developing a sense of industry

  • A very social stage; Problems with competence and self-esteem if the child experiences unresolved feelings of inadequacy/inferiority among our peers

  • Most significant relationship is with school and neighborhood, and less with parents

  • Maladaptation: narrow virtuosity, inertia

  • Example of achievement, competence, acquiring knowledge


Stage 5 of 8 adolescent
Stage 5 of 8: Adolescent

  • 12 to 18 years

  • Identity vs. Role confusion

  • Fidelity

  • Before this stage, development is related to what is done to a person. Following this stage, development depends upon what a person does.

  • Maladaptation: fanaticism, repudiation

  • Example of identity struggle, peer relationships


Stage 6 of 8 young adult
Stage 6 of 8: Young adult

  • 18 to 35 years

  • Intimacy and solidarity vs. Isolation

  • Love

  • Seeking companions and love, deep intimacy and satisfying relationships

  • If unsuccessful, isolation might occur

  • Most significant relationship is with marital partners and friends

  • Maladaptation: promiscuity, exclusivity


Stage 7 of 8 middle aged adult
Stage 7 of 8: Middle-aged Adult

  • 35 to 55-65 years

  • Generativity vs. Self-absorption or stagnation

  • Care

  • Career and work are most important, along with family

  • Attempting to produce something that makes a difference to society; fear of inactivity and meaninglessness

  • Also a time of major life shifts

  • Most significant relationship is with family, workplace, local church, other communities, etc.

  • Maladaptation: overextension, rejectivity


Stage 8 of 8 late adulthood
Stage 8 of 8: Late adulthood

  • 55-65 years to Death

  • Integrity vs. Despair

  • Wisdom

  • Time of reflection

  • Contentment and fulfillment vs. despair, the fear of death

  • Maladaptation: presumption, disdain


Links to examples
Links to Examples

  • Stage 1(Optional): Baby

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GGCQe3JZGi4

  • Stage 3: Preschool

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OeKN6CNAhDE

  • Stage 4: Primary - Middle School

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f6ep8KOR284

  • Stage 5: High School

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7-RbPVUzDlU&feature=related

  • Stage 8(Optional): Old Age

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mO-ZlY1SlNA&feature=related


Discussion questions
Discussion Questions

  • Q1) Identify the eight stages of Erik Erikson’s psychosocial development theory.

  • Q5) Compose a short story about an individual who is in one of the eight stages of development. Be specific to the crisis involved in the particular stage, and include the possible outcomes of going through this stage, positive and negative.

  • Q6) Erikson suggests that each stage is never truly complete, and that each stage can be revisited. Evaluate whether or not this theory should be considered valid.


References
References

Harder, A.F. (2009). Erik Erikson Stages of Development. Retrieved June 13, 2011. http://www.learningplaceonline.com/stages/organize/Erikson.htm

Learning Theories Knowledgebase (2011). Erikson’s Stages of Development at LearningTheories. Retrieved June 13th, 2011. http://www.learning-theories.com/eriksons-stages-of-development.html

Moore, D. Erik Erikson Summary. Retrieved June 13, 2011. http://www.scribd.com/doc/35862460/Erik-erikson-summary


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