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Erik Erikson. Psychosocial Development By: Elizabeth Albor. Background . Born in Germany on June 15, 1902-May 12, 1994 Mother Karla Abrahamsen Step-father Dr. Theodor Homberger Baden Art School he wasn’t interested in Medical School

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Erik erikson

Erik Erikson

Psychosocial Development

By: Elizabeth Albor


Background
Background

  • Born in Germany on June 15, 1902-May 12, 1994

  • Mother Karla Abrahamsen Step-father Dr. Theodor Homberger

  • Baden Art School he wasn’t interested in Medical School

  • Assistant professor and research assistant in Harvard and Yale

  • Research Associates-University of California Berkley

  • President of San Francisco Society and Institution


Influences
Influences

  • Knowing his own identity

    • Especially after he found out his father wasn’t his biological father

  • Sigmund Freud

    • Theory of Psychosexual Development which consists of only five stages, from birth to age eighteen


Other influences
Other Influences

  • Others who influenced him were

    • Franz Boas, Ruth Benedict, Margaret Mead, Gregory Bateson

  • Anthropolgy

  • Children within each culture learn different values, different goals, and receive vastly different kinds of nurturing and guidance


Theory 8 stages of development
Theory: 8 stages of development

  • A theory that consists of eight stages of development

  • It takes a whole life time for a full development

  • Infancy (birth-18 months)

    • Trust vs. Mistrust

      • care and affection

  • Early Childhood (2-3yrs)

    • Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt

      • Personal control, independence


  • Preschool (3-5yrs)

    • Initiative vs. Guilt

      • Reason to do something, to much-guilt

  • School Age (6-11yrs)

    • Industry vs. Inferiority

      • Social and academic demands, failure-feelings of inferiority

  • Adolescence (12-18 yrs)

    • Identity vs. Role confusion

      • Personal identity, failure-confusion


  • Young Adulthood (19-40 yrs)

    • Intimacy vs. Isolation

      • Strong relationships, failure-loneliness and isolation

  • Middle Adulthood (40-65 yrs)

    • Generativity vs. Stagnation

      • Nurture things that outlast them to feel accomplishment useful, failure-not very involved with the world

  • Maturity (65-to death)

    • Ego Integrity vs. Despair

      • Either wise or regret and bitterness


Critique
Critique

  • Theory was all about males

    • Girls are more sensitive/emotional

  • Theory was too vague and difficult to test

  • Based on his life experiences

  • Stages are very similar to one another

  • Life experiences that make people change

  • Sequence of stages


References
References

  • http://psychology.about.com/library/bl_psychosocial_summary.htm

  • http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesofmajorthinkers/p/bio_erikson.htm

  • http://www.nndb.com/people/151/000097857/

  • http://www.interculturalstudies.org/Mead/biography.html

  • http://voices.yahoo.com/psychosocial-development-theory-its-impact-on-1509865.html


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