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Erik Erikson. Psychosocial Development By: Elizabeth Albor. Background . Born in Germany on June 15, 1902-May 12, 1994 Mother Karla Abrahamsen Step-father Dr. Theodor Homberger Baden Art School he wasn’t interested in Medical School

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erik erikson

Erik Erikson

Psychosocial Development

By: Elizabeth Albor

background
Background
  • Born in Germany on June 15, 1902-May 12, 1994
  • Mother Karla Abrahamsen Step-father Dr. Theodor Homberger
  • Baden Art School he wasn’t interested in Medical School
  • Assistant professor and research assistant in Harvard and Yale
  • Research Associates-University of California Berkley
  • President of San Francisco Society and Institution
influences
Influences
  • Knowing his own identity
    • Especially after he found out his father wasn’t his biological father
  • Sigmund Freud
    • Theory of Psychosexual Development which consists of only five stages, from birth to age eighteen
other influences
Other Influences
  • Others who influenced him were
    • Franz Boas, Ruth Benedict, Margaret Mead, Gregory Bateson
  • Anthropolgy
  • Children within each culture learn different values, different goals, and receive vastly different kinds of nurturing and guidance
theory 8 stages of development
Theory: 8 stages of development
  • A theory that consists of eight stages of development
  • It takes a whole life time for a full development
  • Infancy (birth-18 months)
    • Trust vs. Mistrust
      • care and affection
  • Early Childhood (2-3yrs)
    • Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
      • Personal control, independence
slide6
Preschool (3-5yrs)
    • Initiative vs. Guilt
      • Reason to do something, to much-guilt
  • School Age (6-11yrs)
    • Industry vs. Inferiority
      • Social and academic demands, failure-feelings of inferiority
  • Adolescence (12-18 yrs)
    • Identity vs. Role confusion
      • Personal identity, failure-confusion
slide7
Young Adulthood (19-40 yrs)
    • Intimacy vs. Isolation
      • Strong relationships, failure-loneliness and isolation
  • Middle Adulthood (40-65 yrs)
    • Generativity vs. Stagnation
      • Nurture things that outlast them to feel accomplishment useful, failure-not very involved with the world
  • Maturity (65-to death)
    • Ego Integrity vs. Despair
      • Either wise or regret and bitterness
critique
Critique
  • Theory was all about males
    • Girls are more sensitive/emotional
  • Theory was too vague and difficult to test
  • Based on his life experiences
  • Stages are very similar to one another
  • Life experiences that make people change
  • Sequence of stages
references
References
  • http://psychology.about.com/library/bl_psychosocial_summary.htm
  • http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesofmajorthinkers/p/bio_erikson.htm
  • http://www.nndb.com/people/151/000097857/
  • http://www.interculturalstudies.org/Mead/biography.html
  • http://voices.yahoo.com/psychosocial-development-theory-its-impact-on-1509865.html
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