Post modern art
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Post-Modern Art. Presented by: Ashley Gregory Brittany Julious Graeme MacDougall William Stark. Origins of Postmodernism. Postmodernism began to emerge around the 1920’s with the Dada movement. It was not until after the Second World War that postmodernism was really recognized.

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Post-Modern Art

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Post modern art

Post-Modern Art

Presented by:

Ashley Gregory

Brittany Julious

Graeme MacDougall

William Stark


Origins of postmodernism

Origins of Postmodernism

  • Postmodernism began to emerge around the 1920’s with the Dada movement.

  • It was not until after the Second World War that postmodernism was really recognized.

  • One of the reasons that postmodernism was thought of as a different movement from that of modernism was because of the different economic and technological changes that took place.


Origins of postmodernism cont

Origins of Postmodernism, cont.

  • Another basic concept of postmodernism is that every form of rebellion has already been explored

  • Because of this, postmodernist artists usually use ideas from many different periods and combine them to form one image


Authors and their ideas of postmodernism

Authors and their ideas of postmodernism

  • Arnold Toynbee

  • Jean Baudrillard


Arnold toynbee

Arnold Toynbee

  • Is thought to be the first person to use the term postmodern

  • Used this term in his A Study of History, and said that this idea of postmodern occurred from around 1850-1875

  • He later changed his original thought and said that the modern came to and end during the First World War, and that postmodernism really began to form during the years between the first two world wars (1918-1939)


Jean baudrillard

Jean Baudrillard

  • Wrote that there are four processes of obtaining value:

    • There is a functional value of an object

    • There is an exchange value of an object

    • There is a symbolic value of an object

    • There is a sign value of an object


Deconstruction

Deconstruction

  • One of the key ideas of postmodernism is to conceive things as texts

  • Derrida

    • Argued that deconstruction shows that texts can have multiple meanings and these different meanings can be cleared up through close textual analysis

    • One possible consequence of deconstruction is that texts may be defined too broadly


Technology and art

Technology and Art


Aspects of

Aspects of

  • Photography

  • Digital Photography

  • Computers

  • Mass Media and Communication

  • What Technology Has Done


Photography

Photography

  • From painting light to capturing light

  • Art of the few

  • George Eastman


George eastman

George Eastman

  • Kodak

  • Mass Production

  • Brings Camera’s into everyday use


Everyone s a photographer

Everyone’s a Photographer?

  • Eastman brought photography into mainstream culture

  • No longer an art for the few

  • Popularization of photography as art

  • New technologies create new demands


Digital photography

Digital Photography

  • Snapshots of anything

  • Editing Photos

  • A new outlook on Photography

  • Is what you see really what you see?

  • Broadens the definition of ‘art’


Photoshop sunset

Photoshop Sunset


Computers

Computers

  • Digital Editing

  • Digital Spaces

  • Photoshop

  • New outlet of imagination


Mass media and communication

Mass Media and Communication

  • “Information and communication have therefore become terms of comparison with which to redefine and reinterpret the roles of all disciplines.”

  • Radio

  • Newspaper


Mass media and communication cont

Mass Media and Communication cont.

  • Magazine

  • Post-Cards (art as communication)

  • Internet

  • Commercialization of Art

  • Loss of aura as art/anything as art

  • No longer art for arts sake


What technology has done

What Technology Has Done

  • “the institutions of the art world continued to believe in – indeed to expect – breakthroughs, and the galleries, the collectors, the art magazines, the museums and finally the corporations that had become the major patrons of the age were also awaiting prophets and revelations” - Arthur Danto

  • Created a demand for ‘new’ art


Movements and artists

Movements and Artists


Neo expressionism

Neo-Expressionism

  • Emerged in late 1970s; prominent until mid 1980s

  • Developed in Europe  reaction to conceptualism and minimalism

  • Heavily promoted by the media and art galleries


Characteristics

Characteristics

  • Recognizable objects

  • Rough, violent or abstract interpretation

  • Vivid colors

  • Inspired by German expressionism

Jedd Garet

Curtain of Protection (1980)


Prominent neo expressionist artists

George Baselitz

Julian Schnabel

Keith Haring

Jean-Michel Basquiat

Francesco Clemente

Prominent Neo-Expressionist Artists


Julian schnabel

Julian Schnabel

  • Imfluences include Antoni Gaudi, Cy Twombly

  • Plate paintings

  • Schnabel said he was, "aiming at an emotional state, a state that people can literally walk into and be engulfed."

  • Other mediums


Graffiti art

Graffiti Art

  • Used to display artists tags, as well as social and political messages and sometimes advertising

  • Spray paint, markers or other materials

  • Application without authorization to public spaces

  • Public art?

  • Radical and political purposes

  • High art


Graffiti art1

Graffiti Art


Jean michel basquiat

Jean-Michel Basquiat

  • Graffiti background  SAMO tag

  • “The Radiant Child” by Rene Ricard

  • Andy Warhol

  • Art periods

    • 1980-1982

    • 1982-1985

    • 1986-death


Jean michel basquiat1

Jean-Michel Basquiat

Prayer (1984)


Keith haring

Keith Haring

  • Grafitti/pop artist

  • NYC subway chalk drawings

  • “The Radiant Baby”

  • Andy Warhol

  • The Keith Haring Foundation


Francesco clemente

Francesco Clemente

  • Combines both surrealism and expressionism

  • Career in the 1970s

  • Career in the 1980s

  • Collaborations with Warhol and Basquiat


Post modern conceptualism

Post-Modern Conceptualism


Laurie anderson

Laurie Anderson

“I Hate Television”

A

Public Service

Announcement


Matthew barney

Matthew Barney

Drawing Restraint 9

(trailer)

The film concerns the theme of self-imposed limitation and continues Matthew Barney's interest in religious rite, this time focusing on Shinto.


Matthew barney1

Matthew Barney


Common criticisms

Common Criticisms


Questions raised by postmodernism

Questions Raised by Postmodernism

  • What is art?

  • What is the purpose of art?

  • How has the purpose changed in the face of Postmodernism?


What is art

What is Art?

  • How do we decide what is art?

  • Philosophical in nature?

  • Representation of reality?

  • Consumer oriented?

  • Aesthetically pleasing?

  • What is the role of skill in art?


What makes art

What makes art?

What makes this art and not boxes?

Arthur Danto, an art critic, said, “Art is dead. Art [has] raised…the philosophical question of art.”

Andy Warhol

Brillo Boxes, 1964


Post modern art

Robert Gober

1986

Playpen

Commodities as art?

Is using someone else’s work art?

Barbra Kruger (Untitled)


Consumerism

Consumerism

  • Art is now created to be sold

    Is this good or bad, or even true?

  • Danto:

    • The Market needed something to sell and artists needed to make a reputation


Post modern art

The Importance of Skill

“Imagination without skill gives us contemporary art,” Tom Stoddard.

Rembrandt

The Sacrifice of Abraham

1635

Oil on Canvas


Lack of skill

Lack of Skill?

Roberto Matta

Enerjeros

Charcoal and pastel

1985


Subjectivity of art

Subjectivity of Art

  • Since Art is entirely subjective can it ever really be defined?

  • What makes a piece “good art” opposed to “bad art”

  • Is Rembrandt a better artist than Matta? Who is to say?

  • Will we ever know what art is?


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