More Compositional Tools. (Focal point and Emphasis, Rhythm, and Scale & Proportion). What is the artist asking us to pay attention to?How is he doing that?. Gericault, Horse Attacked by a Tiger. EMPHASIS. Gives prominence to part of a design—makes one part more important than others.
More Compositional Tools
(Focal point and Emphasis, Rhythm, and Scale & Proportion)
What is the artist asking us to pay attention to?How is he doing that?
Gericault, Horse Attacked by a Tiger
Degas, The Café Singer
Focal points are compositional devices used to create emphasis:
an element in the composition that commands the viewer’s attention and invites them to look closer.
Focal Accents are more than one focal point in an image.
Stuart Davis, Composition
What element is different than others?
Jeff Wall, The Pine On the Corner
Text or graphic symbols
Emphasis by isolation: when one element is placed off from others to show difference/importance. What other devices are used to create emphasis?
Eakins, the Agnew Clinic
Jacque-Louis David, The Oath of the Horatti
Emphasis by Placement: many elements point to one area; our attention is directed there.
Compositionally, how is he making the roses a focal point in the print?
Vermeer, The Music Lesson
Christ Descending from the Grave
DOMINANCE: Attracts a viewer’s attention through one element overwhelmingthe piece
What dominates here, and how is that achieved?
All over design: focal points are eliminated to emphasize the surface of the entire piece, rather than a small area.
Sol Lewitt, Wall Drawing
James Ensor, Christ’s Entry Into the City
Where is the focal point? What is emphasized?
SCALE: A term for size. Usually refers to the size of the object relative to the human body or thestandard size of the object.
Robert Therrien, Stacked Plates
Scale can refer to size within the image or in comparison to real life
FraFillipiPolli, Saint Lawrence
Heirarchical scale: importance is determined by size
Medallion, Ming Dynasty
Chris Burden, Los Angels Police Department
James Rieck, Shirtsleeves
Mehretu, Goldman Lobby
Julie Mehretu, Goldman Sachs Lobby
Nasca Drawing, Peru
Refers to relative size, measured against other elements in a composition. For example, in these caricature images, certain features are out of proportion (ears, chin) relative to the rest of the face---in this case, for comic effect.
Charles Ray, Family Romance
Illustration of Scale and Proportion shifts
Contrast of scale: when different scales are used within the same image
Rene Magritte, Personal Values
Rhthym: a visual as well as musical sensation. Related to the impression of movement.
Bridget Riley, Drift
Chairs by Charles Rennie Mackintosh
Repeating forms give the impression of rhythm, creating patterns.
Piet Mondrian, Broadway Boogie Woogie
Progressive rhythm: shapes changing in a regular manner. Here, the oil stains from parked cars get darker and larger the closer the parking spaces are to the store.
Ed Ruscha, Goodyear Tires, Laurel Canyon, CA
Motifs alternate regularly to create a pattern
Robert Delaunay, Composition
When a visual experience stimulates another sense. Here, the sense of sound
Malevich, Machine Composition
Malevich, Suprematist Composition
What kind of sound is suggested by this composition vs. the previous comp?