More Compositional Tools. (Focal point and Emphasis, Rhythm, and Scale & Proportion). What is the artist asking us to pay attention to?How is he doing that?. Gericault, Horse Attacked by a Tiger. EMPHASIS. Gives prominence to part of a design—makes one part more important than others.
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(Focal point and Emphasis, Rhythm, and Scale & Proportion)
Gericault, Horse Attacked by a Tiger
Focal points are compositional devices used to create emphasis:
an element in the composition that commands the viewer’s attention and invites them to look closer.
Stuart Davis, Composition
Jeff Wall, The Pine On the Corner
Emphasis by isolation: when one element is placed off from others to show difference/importance. What other devices are used to create emphasis?
Eakins, the Agnew Clinic
Emphasis by Placement: many elements point to one area; our attention is directed there.
Compositionally, how is he making the roses a focal point in the print?
Christ Descending from the Grave
DOMINANCE: Attracts a viewer’s attention through one element overwhelmingthe piece
What dominates here, and how is that achieved?
All over design: focal points are eliminated to emphasize the surface of the entire piece, rather than a small area.
Sol Lewitt, Wall Drawing
Where is the focal point? What is emphasized?
SCALE: A term for size. Usually refers to the size of the object relative to the human body or thestandard size of the object.
Robert Therrien, Stacked Plates
Heirarchical scale: importance is determined by size
Refers to relative size, measured against other elements in a composition. For example, in these caricature images, certain features are out of proportion (ears, chin) relative to the rest of the face---in this case, for comic effect.
Illustration of Scale and Proportion shifts
Rene Magritte, Personal Values
Rhthym: a visual as well as musical sensation. Related to the impression of movement.
Bridget Riley, Drift
Repeating forms give the impression of rhythm, creating patterns.
Progressive rhythm: shapes changing in a regular manner. Here, the oil stains from parked cars get darker and larger the closer the parking spaces are to the store.
Ed Ruscha, Goodyear Tires, Laurel Canyon, CA
Motifs alternate regularly to create a pattern
Robert Delaunay, Composition
When a visual experience stimulates another sense. Here, the sense of sound
Malevich, Machine Composition
What kind of sound is suggested by this composition vs. the previous comp?