Aristotle. Some Facts about Aristotle. Lived from 384-322 Plato’s best student at the Academy Father was a physician —presumably taught Aristotle to examine the natural world for the causes of things Tutor to the young Alexander the Great Founded the Lyceum in Athens in 334
is the starting point for Aristotle
1. The material cause: what something is made of.
2. The formal cause: the thing’s shape, form, or essence; its definition.
3. The efficient cause: the motion or energy that changes matter.
4. The final cause: its reason, its purpose, the intention behind it.
Statue of Zeus or Poseidon, AthensThe Four Causes