Aristotle:. Metaphysics & Epistemology. Why do we ask these questions?. "A Sense of wonder started men philosophizing in ancient times as well as today.... What is the result of this puzzlement? An awesome feeling of ignorance. Men began to philosophize, therefore to escape ignorance...."
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Metaphysics & Epistemology
primary category = substance [e.g. "Human"]
secondary category = quality [e.g. "female"]
quantity [e.g. "one"]
primary substances = the individual horse or dog
secondary substances = the species or genus -animal, horse, dog
2. Whatever is most basic to reality - whatever is the same from the colt to the adult horse - That which underlies all the properties and changes
(Text, p. 90)
4. Form (eidos) plus matter (hyle)