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Aristotle. By: Forrest Meyer. Aristotle’s Research. Raphael\'s School of Athens, in the center Plato (left) and Aristotle (right). Three types of writing he wrote were popular writings, memoranda and treatises.

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By: Forrest Meyer

aristotle s research
Aristotle’s Research
  • Raphael\'s School of Athens, in the center Plato (left) and Aristotle (right).
  • Three types of writing he wrote were popular writings, memoranda and treatises.
  • In the philosophy of nature and he believed in physics or the study of things that change.
  • He studied four causes materials, efficient, formal and final.
  • Aristotle studied philosophy of nature including psychology and biology.
  • He also studied the functions of the soul and the relationship between the soul and the body.
personal backround
Personal Backround
  • Aristotle was born 384 B.C. in Stagira a small town in northern Greece.
  • His father Nichomachus was the personal physician of Amyntas II the king of Macedonia.
  • Aristotle’s parents died when he was a boy so he was raised by a guardian named Proxenus.
  • When he was 18 years old he entered Plato’s school in Athens, he studied there for 20 years.
  • He married PithiasHermeia’s adopted daughter.
  • Hermeia was the ruler of the town he studied.
  • Philip II asked Aristotle to educate his son Alexander in 343 or 347 B.C.
  • Alexander became Alexander the great.
  • Aristotle started a school in 335 B.C.
  • Alexander died in 323 B.C. Aristotle was charged with impiety.
  • Aristotle died in Chalis.
  • He lived from 384 B.C. to 322B.C.
a highlight of discoveries
A Highlight of Discoveries

Falling bodies descend at the same rate :

  • Aristotle believed in the law of falling bodies, Galileo proved this law wrong.
  • Metaphysics the science of things that never change.
  • Theology or study of God being the most important of metaphysics.
  • Aristotle claimed that the four elements could be changed by adding or removing heat and or moisture.
  • Such a change called trans mutation occurred as a result of a chemical reaction.
fun facts
Fun Facts
  • Aristotle has been called the master of those who know.
  • From about 500 to 1100 his works almost completely vanished.
  • Although his authority has declined still we owe many discoveries of our time to him.
  • Aristotle studied Ethics and politics.
  • Aristotle analyzed the different parts of living organisms called teleology.
  • Aristotle thought it was human nature to be happy and to achieve happiness.
  • For example, the function of the eye is to see, and the function of a knife is to cut.
  • Aristotle declared that a human being is "the rational animal" whose function is to reason.
reactions of discoveries
Reactions of Discoveries

Map of ancient Greece:

  • Aristotle believed in transmutation but there was no real reaction.
  • He also rejected Democritus and this atomic theory.
  • This had the affect of no one believing Democritus.
  • Also this side tracked science from atoms until John Dalton.
  • Also he believed that the Law of falling bodies was correct.
  • Again this must have side tracked science as well as the atomic theory.
work cited
Work Cited
  • Soll, Ivan. "Aristotle." World Book Student. World Book, 2010. Web. 7 Oct. 2010.
  • Dine, Michael. "Falling bodies, Law of." World Book Student. World Book, 2010. Web. 17 Oct. 2010.
  • Usselman, Melvyn C. "Chemistry." World Book Student. World Book, 2010. Web. 17 Oct. 2010.