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Chapter 5. The Road to Revolution. Ch 5-1 I Can Statement. I can understand how the British gained French territory in North America. Ch 5-1 Bullet Points. Bullet Point #1: British settlers moved into the lands claimed by the French in the Ohio River valley

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Chapter 5

Chapter 5

The Road to Revolution

Ch 5 1 i can statement
Ch 5-1 I Can Statement

I can understand how the British gained French territory in North America

Ch 5 1 bullet points
Ch 5-1 Bullet Points

  • Bullet Point #1: British settlers moved into the lands claimed by the French in the Ohio River valley

  • Bullet Point #2: After early British defeats at Fort Duquesne, Fort Niagara, and Lake George, France was defeated

  • Bullet Point #3: Under the 1763 Treaty of Paris, Britain and Spain took control of almost all of France’s North American possessions

Vocab words
Vocab Words

  • George Washington:

  • Militia:

  • Alliance:

  • Cede:

French and indian war
French and Indian War

  • 1753 French build forts with new land claim

  • Virginia Colony sends soldiers to that land also to claim landand make the French leave

  • French wouldn’t leave, build Fort Duquesne

  • Washington builds Fort Necessity

  • French fight George Washington and his militia and send them back to Virginia

Albany congress
Albany Congress

  • War expected; colonial meeting called

  • Met to agree on defending themselves against the French

  • British invited the Iroquois tribe; didn’t want to make an alliance

  • Albany Plan of Union: would have a council of representatives, would govern the Western Settlements and deal with the Indians; approved by Albany Congress but rejected by Colonial assemblies

Early british defeats
Early British Defeats

  • British go out to take over French forts

  • General Braddock went to Ohio River Valley

    • Didn’t understand how to fight in N. America and didn’t respect soldiers

    • Led his soldiers into a French ambush near Fort Duquesne

  • More British defeats

  • May 1756; Britain declared war on France; called the 7 Years’ War

British turn the tide
British Turn the Tide

  • New generals to lead the British

  • Recaptured forts they had lost to the French; captured Fort Duquesne

  • Iroquois now fighting with British

  • France loses Quebec and couldn’t protect territory in N. America

  • 1763; France and Britain signed the Treaty of Paris; gave almost all of Frances territory in N. America to Britain

Ch 5 2 i can statement
Ch 5-2 I Can Statement

I can understand how the French and Indian War drew the colonists closer together but increased friction with Britain

Ch 5 2 bullet points
Ch 5-2 Bullet Points

  • Bullet Point #1: To avoid conflict with Native Americans, Britain issued the Proclamation of 1763

  • Bullet Point #2: After the end of the war, Britain strengthened its control over the American colonies by imposing a series of new taxes

  • Bullet Point #3: Colonists protested Britain’s actions by boycotting British goods.

Vocab words1
Vocab Words

  • Duty:

  • Boycott:

  • Petition:

  • Writ of Assistance:

  • John Adams:

  • Samuel Adams:

Conflict with native americans
Conflict With Native Americans

  • Indian leader Pontiac makes alliance of Western Native Americans; then attack the British

  • British fight back; start of Pontiac’s War

  • Proclamation of 1763:banned colonial settlement West of a line drawn along the Appalachians; angered colonists

British rule leads to conflict
British Rule Leads to Conflict

  • Britain in debt due to French and Indian War; wanted to colonists to pay part of debt

  • Sugar Act: put an import tax on molasses and other goods and called for harsher treatment on smugglers

  • Quartering Act: purpose was to save money; required colonists to house, provide food and other supplies for soldiers

The stamp act
The Stamp Act

  • Required all colonists to buy special stamps to place on all kinds of products

  • Widespread protests and boycotts

  • Stamp Act Congress met in 1765 to write to Britain to end the Sugar and Stamp Acts; worked to get rid of the Stamp Act

  • Declaratory Act: Parliament has total control over the colonies

Protests spread
Protests Spread

  • Townshend Acts: Britain would no longer tax products or activities inside the colonies, it would only tax products brought into the colonies

  • Colonists losing more rights; Britain wanted to weaken the Colonial assemblies

  • Committee of Correspondence: aimed to keep the colonists informed of British actions

Ch 5 3 i can statement
Ch 5-3 I Can Statement

I can understand how the British tax policies moved the colonists closer to rebellion

Ch 5 3 bullet points
Ch 5-3 Bullet Points

  • After parliament passed the Tea Act, American colonists dumped cases of British tea into Boston Harbor

  • The Intolerable Acts further tightened Britain’s control over the American colonies

  • The first major conflict between American colonists and British soldiers took place at Lexington and Concord on April 18,1775

Vocab words2
Vocab Words

  • Monopoly:

  • Repeal:

  • Minuteman:

A dispute over tea
A Dispute Over Tea

  • Tea Act: Gave the East India Company a monopoly on selling tea(hurt the colonists); lowered tea prices

  • Boston Tea Party: Started by Sons of Liberty to stop tea from coming into the city; made threats; destroyed 90,000 pounds of tea

The intolerable acts
The Intolerable Acts

  • Intolerable Acts:

    • 1. Closed the port of Boston

    • 2. Increased the power of the royal governor

    • 3. Abolished the upper house of Massachusetts legislature

    • 4. Strengthened the Quartering Act

  • 1st Continental Congress: meeting to discuss that the colonies had a right to govern and tax themselves; all colonies came except Georgia

The shot heard around the world
The Shot Heard Around the World

  • British government use force to get the colonists to listen

  • Minutemen begin storing guns and ammo

  • Governor finds out about this and goes to take the supplies

  • Minutemen and British soldiers meet, an unknown shot is fired and the Revolutionary War begins

Ch 5 4 i can statement
Ch 5-4 I Can Statement

I can understand how the American Revolution began

Ch 5 4 bullet points
Ch 5-4 Bullet Points

  • Bullet Point #1: The 2nd Continental Congress met in Philadelphia in May 1775 to deal with the deepening crisis with Great Britain

  • When the Olive Branch Petition failed, the militant statement of purpose

  • Although the Patriots lost the Battle of Bunker Hill, George Washington finally drove the British from Boston

Vocab words3
Vocab Words

  • Blockade:

  • Mercenary:

The 2 nd continental congress
The 2nd Continental Congress

  • Colonists didn’t want independence yet, but wanted to protect their rights from the British

  • 2nd Continental Congress: 1775, planned to form an army, began printing money and chose George Washington as their commander of the army

Patriots vs loyalists
Patriots vs. Loyalists

  • Split developing between colonists

  • Patriot: colonists who favored independence

  • Loyalist: colonists who remain loyal to Britain and the King

  • Fewer Loyalists; usually from wealthy families or enslaved Africans hoping for their freedom

Hoping for peace
Hoping for Peace

  • Even after the Battles of Lexington and Concord, many at the 2nd Continental Congress were hoping for peace

  • Olive Branch Petition: said the colonists were loyal to the king and asked all of the fighting to stop

  • Effort to make peace failed; King George believed the colonists were in rebellion and sent troops over to end the revolt

Early battles
Early Battles

  • Battle of Fort Ticonderoga: surprise attack by colonists; Patriot win

  • Battle of Bunker Hill: British win, but lost a lot of men; helped American morale because they proved they could stand up to the professional British army