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United States Marine Corps. Overview. USMC Organization USMC Missions USMC Doctrine Operating Forces of the USMC Future Trends. Organization. Commandant of the Marine Corps Separate military service Serves under the Dept of Navy Reports to Secretary of the Navy

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overview
Overview
  • USMC Organization
  • USMC Missions
  • USMC Doctrine
  • Operating Forces of the USMC
  • Future Trends
organization
Organization
  • Commandant of the Marine Corps
    • Separate military service
      • Serves under the Dept of Navy
    • Reports to Secretary of the Navy
    • No Secretary of the Marine Corps
    • Responsible for operational readiness for the entire corps
commandant of the marine corps
Commandant of the Marine Corps
  • Three Fundamental Groupings
    • HQ USMC “executive branch” of Dept of Navy
      • Professional assistance to Sec of Navy
      • Coordinates actions of USMC organizations
      • Assist in communication between SecDef & combatant commanders in time of war
  • Operating forces (field units)
  • Supporting establishment
missions
Missions
  • Organize, train, & equip Fleet Marine Forces
  • Furnish security detachments & organizations
    • For service on naval vessels
    • For protection of naval property at naval stations & bases
  • Perform duties directed by the President
  • Amphibious operations
doctrine
Doctrine
  • Maneuver
    • Shatter enemy’s cohesion
    • Attack from position of advantage (not straight on)
    • Exploitation of time and space
  • Combined Arms
    • If enemy counter-acts one attack, he must be vulnerable to another
operating forces
Operating Forces
  • The heart of the Marine Corps
    • Fleet Marine Forces
    • Marine Security Guard Battalion
    • Marine Corps Security Forces
      • Installations
      • Ships
fleet marine forces
Fleet Marine Forces
  • Two Fleets
    • Atlantic Fleet
    • Pacific Fleet
  • Expeditionary in nature
    • Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF)
magtf
MAGTF
  • Provides forces of combined arms for service with the fleet
  • Operate forward from the sea
  • NOT an echelon of command
    • Organizational structure similar to an “expeditionary air wing”
  • Four elements
    • Command Element, Ground Combat Element, Aviation Element, and Combat Service Support Element
marine expeditionary force mef
Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF)
  • Principle war-fighting organization in USMC
    • Commanded by Lt Gen
    • Deploys with 60-day supply of materials
  • Only 3 MEFs in entire Marine Corps
marine expeditionary brigade meb
Marine Expeditionary Brigade (MEB)
  • Commanded by O-7
    • Deploys with 30-day supply
  • Forward deployed aboard “Amphibious Ready Group”
  • Immediate responsive sea-based MAGTF
    • Meet forward presence & limited power projection requirements
marine expeditionary unit meu
Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU)
  • Commanded by O-6
    • Deploys with 15-day supply
  • Forward deployed aboard “Amphibious Ready Group”
  • Immediate responsive sea-based MAGTF
    • Meet forward presence & limited power projection requirements
special purpose magtf
Special PurposeMAGTF
  • Organized to accomplish specific missions that are inappropriate for MEF, MEB or MEU
  • Draws combat forces from
    • Marine Divisions
    • Marine Air Wings
    • Force Service Support Groups
marine division
Marine Division
  • Basic ground component of Marine Corps
  • Execute amphibious assault operations
  • Marine Divisions
    • HQ battalion
    • 3 infantry units
    • Artillery regiment
    • Separate tank, recce, engineer, & amphibious assault battalions
    • Light armored infantry battalion
marine aircraft wings
Marine Aircraft Wings
  • Consists of
    • Two or more tactical squadrons
    • Logistics squadron
    • Air base squadrons
  • Two primary missions
    • Supporting air component of fleet marine forces
    • Conduct land ops essential to prosecution of naval campaign
force service support groups
Force Service Support Groups
  • Composite grouping of functional components that provide combat support service to the MAGTF
future trends
Future Trends
  • USMC is changing dramatically (end of Cold War)
    • PAST: Massive frontal assault
    • TODAY: “over the horizon” attack at night— anytime, anywhere
  • Enhanced ops capabilities & tactical weapons systems
    • Function better in joint environment
summary
Summary
  • USMC Organization
  • USMC Missions
  • USMC Doctrine
  • Operating Forces of the USMC
  • Future Trends
ad