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Ocean Observations: Present and Future Capitol Hill Oceans Week June 10, 2004 Brig. Gen. David L. Johnson, USAF (Ret.) NOAA Assistant Administrator for Weather Services Ocean Observations: Present and Future Background NOAA’s Ocean Observations

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Ocean Observations: Present and Future

Capitol Hill Oceans Week June 10, 2004

Brig. Gen. David L. Johnson, USAF (Ret.)NOAA Assistant Administrator for Weather Services

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Ocean Observations: Present and Future

  • Background

  • NOAA’s Ocean Observations

  • National Weather Service Operational Information Flow

  • NOAA’s Ocean Services

  • Integrated Ocean Observing System and National Water Quality Monitoring System

  • Conclusion

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Increasing Global Pressures

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How Do You Define Ocean?

  • White Water to Blue Water is the Geographic Scope

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Mussel Watch NERR Sites

WX Buoys C-MAN Buoys

Geodesy – CORS

NOAA’s Ocean Observations

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TAO Array

El Niño Forecasting

Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Array

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NOAA Satellites

  • Imaging & Monitoring

    • Severe Weather Events

    • Iceberg Events

    • Ocean Events

    • Tropical Cyclones

    • Oil Spills

    • Sea Surface Temperature

    • Ocean Color and Chlorophyll Levels

    • Ocean Surface Winds

    • Coral Bleaching

    • Ocean Precipitation



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AdditionalSources for NOAA Observations

  • Voluntary Observing Ships

  • Partnerships

  • Marine Observations (MAROBs)

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National DataBuoy Center

National Weather ServiceOperational Information Flow



Weather Forecast Offices/River Forecast Centers

Gulf of Maine Observing System

Emergency Managers

NWS MarineObservingNetwork

Global Telecommunication System Operational Bulletins

National Centers forEnvironmental Prediction

Texas Automated Buoy System

National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service

Coastal OceanMonitoring & Prediction System


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NOAA’s Ocean Services

  • Marine Forecasts and Warnings for:

    • Coastal waters

    • Great Lakes

    • Offshore waters

    • High seas waters

    • Rip currents

    • Hurricanes

    • Tsunamis

  • Seasonal Outlooks

    • Hurricane Season

    • El Niño/La Niña

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NOAA’s Ocean Services

  • Coral Reef Conservation

  • International Collaboration

  • Marine Protected Areas

  • National Marine Sanctuaries

  • Ocean Exploration

  • Oil and Chemical Spills

  • Coastal Decision-making Tools

  • Coastal Ecosystem Science

  • Coastal Management

  • Coastal Monitoring and Observations

  • Contaminants in the Environment

  • Ecological Forecasting

  • National Estuarine Research Reserves

  • Natural Hazards Assessment

  • Natural Resource Restoration

  • Training and Capacity- building

  • Aerial Photography and Shoreline Mapping

  • Global Positioning

  • Marine Navigation

  • Tides and Currents

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Ocean Commission Recommendations

  • Integrated Ocean Observing System

  • National Water Quality Monitoring System

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NOAA’s Vision of an Integrated Ocean Observing System

  • As part of NOAA’s integrated earth observing system, provide a sustained global to local ocean observation & data management/communication system.

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Integrated Ocean Management

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Bringing It All Together

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IOOS Data Management & Communications (DMAC)

DMAC Standards and Protocols

Currently '07 Start

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What is the Impact of a Climate Prediction Center Forecast for a Wetter Than Normal Summer on Chesapeake Bay Oystermen?

Seasonal Precipitation

Below Normal

Above Normal

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Water Quality Monitoring

Nutrient Loading









Oyster Mortality







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Benefits of IOOS and a National Water Quality Monitoring System

  • Enhanced ability to protect lives and property and expand economic opportunities, understanding climate variability, and promote healthy ecosystems.

  • More cost-effective use of infrastructures, knowledge, and expertise.

  • Rapid access to environmental data and information.

  • More timely detection and prediction of changes and events.

  • Broader application of data and information.

  • Increased funding for research and monitoring.

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Present Ocean Sensor?


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