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Types of Production. From live multi-camera to single-camera film style. Multi-camera Live and Live-to-tape. Multi-camera - more than one camera 2-30) Live - telecast/transmitted live, as in right now, as it’s happening (tape delay included) Examples?

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types of production

Types of Production

From live multi-camera to single-camera film style

multi camera live and live to tape
Multi-camera Liveand Live-to-tape
  • Multi-camera - more than one camera 2-30)
  • Live - telecast/transmitted live, as in right now, as it’s happening (tape delay included)
  • Examples?
  • Live-to-tape - event/performance occurring live but not broadcast live, recorded to tape instead (concert, interview show)
  • Examples?
multi camera live and live to tape1
Multi-camera Liveand Live-to-tape
  • "switched" (edited) as the show progresses
  • studio or field
  • more economical (generally)
  • compromise aesthetics to account for multiple camera angles
multi camera live and live to tape2
Multi-camera Liveand Live-to-tape
  • Requires a video switcher
  • Crew must work together, director ‘calls the shots’
  • 2-30 cameras at once
multi camera live and live to tape3
Multi-camera Liveand Live-to-tape
  • Main personnel:
  • Director - calls shot changes, graphics, controls production
  • Technical director - executes director’s commands
  • Assistant director - assists in setting up shots, keeping operation smooth, times segments
multi camera live and live to tape4
Multi-camera Liveand Live-to-tape
  • Main personnel:
  • Character generator operator - CG
  • Audio director/engineer
  • Floor director - manages studio floor
  • Camera operators
single camera film style
Single Camera (film style)
  • shot in field, edited in "post"
  • news, drama, documentary, narrative
  • more expensive & time consuming
  • more artistic control
  • Examples?
single camera film style1
Single Camera (film style)
  • Some Key Personnel
  • Depends on type of production - news, documentary, narrative
  • Director - overall creative control
  • Producer - role varies
    • News magazine story - primary researcher and story coordinator
    • Documentary - manager and coordinator of production, travel, crew
    • Narrative - less involvement w/creative side
single camera film style2
Single Camera (film style)
  • Some Key Personnel
  • Field Producer
  • Talent
  • Reporter/correspondent (news)
  • Camera Operator/DP
multi camera multi vtr
Multi-camera/multi-VTR
  • More than one camera, all recorded independently, then combined in post-production
  • Some interviews
  • Some dramatic/comedy shows/films
production media film
Production media - Film
  • 8, 16, 35 mm film
  • Chemical/physical process;   expose,  develop,  transfer to digital
  • Film choice: grain, contrast, low light, resolution
  • Generally more expensive, higher quality
production media film1
Production media - Film
  • Always edited in post: developed/printed, transferred to digital files, edited on computer then transferred back to film
  • Better contrast ratio (light vs. dark areas in frame)
  • Aesthetically "past" -  tends to have \'historic\' look even if shot last week
production media video broadcast quality vs home
Production Media: Video"broadcast quality" vs. home
  • Formats
  • Broadcast quality

- HD, Beta, BetaSP, DigiBeta, MII, DVCPro, DVC Cam

  • Lower broadcast quality / "Prosumer" 

- mini DV, HD, SVHS*, Hi8*, 3-chip

  • Consumer grade

- VHS*, 8mm*, VHS-C*, 1-chip DV

  • *On the verge of extinction
production media video
Production media: Video
  • Electronic vs. chemical
  • Light "transduced" into electrical signal, digital code
  • 3-chip vs. 1-chip
  • Contrast ratio, resolution problems relative to film
  • Immediate production, immediacy
production media video1
Production media: Video
  • Less expensive (in general)
  • Perceived lower quality (in general)
  • Aesthetically "present" -  tends to have a \'present\' look even if shot years ago
  • 24 frame emulation - gives video a “filmic” look (relatively new development)
  • Smaller and smaller high quality cameras
production media video2
Production media: Video
  • High definition emerging as a standard for acquisition (cameras)
  • Amazing resolution, color, clarity
  • More cable systems offering HD, more broadcast stations
  • HD cams from $3000 and up (not that expensive)
  • But UNCW still can’t afford it! ;^)
production media summary
Production Media - Summary
  • UNCW Student Productions use miniDV
  • Field video cams include:
    • Canon XL2 (1)
    • Panasonic DVX 100 (3)
    • Canon XL1 (1)
    • Canon GL1 (2)
  • Studio is capable of recording in miniDV or DVC PRO (DVC PRO is higher quality and standard for local stations)
production media summary1
Production Media - Summary
  • HD production is much more affordable than before but cost still prohibitive - cameras, media storage space, monitors, etc…
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