East southeast asia geography
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East & Southeast Asia Geography. Chapters 27, 28, 29, 30, 31.1, 32.2. Physical Geography. Mountain Ranges Many in the area Himalayas Separate China from India Kunlun Mountains West China Source of China’s two great rivers Huang He (Yellow) and Chang Jiang (Yangtze). Kunlun Mountains.

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East & Southeast Asia Geography

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East southeast asia geography

East & Southeast Asia Geography

Chapters 27, 28, 29, 30, 31.1, 32.2


Physical geography

Physical Geography

  • Mountain Ranges

    • Many in the area

    • Himalayas

      • Separate China from India

    • Kunlun Mountains

      • West China

        • Source of China’s two great rivers

          • Huang He (Yellow) and Chang Jiang (Yangtze)

Kunlun Mountains


East southeast asia geography

  • Landscape of East Asia among the roughest in the world.

    • Mountains restrict movement of people, goods and ideas

    • Few flat surfaces

      • Some exist

      • Plateau of Tibet (Xizang Plateau), Tarim Pendi Basin, Taklimakan desert (western China)

      • Link to online info about Taklimakan Desert

      • Gobi desert

        • One of largest in the world

          • In China and Mongolia

          • Covers more land than Texas and California combined!


East southeast asia geography

  • Peninsulas and Islands

    • East coast of china has many peninsulas

    • Gives China long coastline = helps economically

    • Islands

      • Japan (group of Islands) and Taiwan (claimed by China but has declared it’s independence)

      • Developed with less outside influence due to physical isolation.

Skydiving near Mt. Fuji, Japan. (Volcanic Islands)


East southeast asia geography

  • River systems

    • Huang He (Yellow) -Named due to yellow

    • silt the river carries

    • Chang Jiang (Yangtze)

      • Longest river in Asia - Major trade route since ancient times

    • Xi Jiang (West River)

      • Runs in South China


3 gorges dam

3 Gorges Dam

Three Gorges Dam Short Film 3.30 minutes

  • Dam across the Yangtze or Chang Jiang

  • Add notes from clip.


Natural resources

Natural resources

  • Water resources

    • Rivers and seas

  • Large energy resources

    • Petroleum, coal, natural gas

  • Human resources

    • More MANPOWER

    • than anywhere else in the world!!


Climate issues

Climate Issues

Film concerning new buildings vs. earthquakes in Japan

  • Many climate zones.

  • Physical Geography Issues

    • Typhoons (Wind storms over water)

    • Ring of Fire

    • Earthquakes


East southeast asia geography

Film on Tsunamis in Japan

  • Weather issues affect many things

    • Population distribution

    • Building codes

    • Look at Tsunamis


East southeast asia geography

  • Why would people still live here

    • Push-pull factors

      • Push factors

        • Deadly climate, overcrowding

      • Pull factors

        • Warm climate, tropical areas, good jobs

  • Pacific Rim

    • Name given to the countries surrounding the Pacific ocean

    • An economic and social region


Population distribution

Population Distribution

  • Most people live along the water in Asia


East southeast asia human geography

EAST & Southeast Asia Human Geography

  • Early Chinese history

    • Dynasties – series of rulers from the same family

      • Shang – 1st Dynasty

      • Qin = Chihn = Chin Dynasty

        • “Built” the great wall

    • Han Dynasty

      • Expanded great wall to protect Silk Road

Terra Cotta Soldiers that were buried next to Emperor Chin Shi Huangdi’s gravesite to protect him in the afterlife.


East southeast asia geography

  • China opens up

    • Silk road (trade route) brings diffusion and acculturation

Original Silk Road

Other Silk Routes


East southeast asia geography

  • Then Europeans come in to colonize

    • Spheres of influence

      • Britain, France, Germany, Russia and Japan divide China up.

      • Boxer rebellion

        • Add info from clip as notes.

Image of a Chinese “Boxer”, 1900, from the National Archives and Records digital collection


Political change in china

Political Change in China

  • Mao Zedong led a Communist Revolution in China

  • Add info from clip as notes.


East southeast asia geography

  • Confucianism

    • Founded on ideas of _______________________________

      • Beliefs_________________________________________________


East southeast asia geography

  • Taoism

    • Founded on teachings _________________________

      • Beliefs__________________________________________


East southeast asia geography

The Yin & Yang symbol is a Taoist emblem representing harmony between the male and female influences in the world.

  • Buddhism

    • Brought in from India

    • Remember from previous discussions. 


China is mostly a rural economy in spite of its economic growth 60 of china s workers work on farms

Economics

China is mostly a rural economy, in spite of its economic growth.≈60% of China’s workers work on farms.


East southeast asia geography

  • Industrial Economy

    • China’s economy is GROWING

    • Industrial base is in the northeast.

    • Shanghai = center of Chinese manufacturing


East southeast asia geography

  • After World war II , China and Japan emerged as manufacturing leaders

  • JAKOTA Triangle

    • Japan, South Korea and Taiwan make up the Jakota triangle.

  • The area has become part of a global economy

    • Nations become dependent on each economically


East southeast asia geography

  • One problem the world looks down on in East Asian manufacturing is sweatshops


East southeast asia geography

  • Industrialization is also having negative effects on the environment, and urban sprawl and poverty

  • Space utilization

    • Some Asian countries are running out of room!

    • How to fix it?

      • Build smallerLink to Capsule hotels in Japan

      • Build up, not out.

        • Landfill – especially Japan

          • Layering garbage between layers of dirt to reclaim land.


Tiananmen square

Tiananmen Square

  • late 1980’s Chinese students protested against China’s Communist govt. , gunned down by their own army


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