Spread of Civilizations in East Asia: 500 - 1650. Two Golden Ages of China: The Tang and the Song. The Sui Dynasty AD 589- 618. The Han Empire (210 BC-Ad 220) like the Roman Empire, collapsed The Sui Dynasty AD 589-618 unified China for the first time in 400 years Emperor Wendi
Emperor Tang Taizong
Group of seated female musicians, Tang dynasty (618–906), late 7th century
Night-Shining White, Tang dynasty (618–906), ca. 750
Emperor and aristocratic families at the top
Down the blue mountain in the evening, Moonlight was my homeward escort. Looking back, I saw my path Lie in levels of deep shadow.... I was passing the farm-house of a friend, When his children called from a gate of thorn And led me twining through jade bamboos Where green vines caught and held my clothes. And I was glad of a chance to rest And glad of a chance to drink with my friend.... We sang to the tune of the wind in the pines; And we finished our songs as the stars went down, When, I being drunk and my friend more than happy, Between us we forgot the world.
Quickly learned how to administer their vast empire
Adopted system of administration of the conquered states
Some Mongols in the top positions but allowed former local officials to run everyday affairs
Khanates were connected through an intricate network that crisscrossed the continent
Horses made swift communication possible, carrying written messages through a relay system of stations.
A letter sent by the emperor in Beijing and carried by an envoy wearing his paiza, or passport, could reach the Ilkhanid capital Tabriz, some 5,000 miles away, in about a monthMongol Rule
Mongolian Shamanism Ceremony
Confucius, Buddha, and Lao-Tse tasting from a pot of vinegar, meant to symbolize the essence of life. Confucius believed that life was sour, and required rules and regulations to correct the impropriety of the people who lived it; he makes a sour face in reaction to the vinegar. Buddha believed that life was suffering, and that the path to enlightenment lay with the elimination of our earthly desires; his face is stern and contemplative. Lao-Tse, who believed that life – is by nature imperfect, confusing, and complex – was sweet and beautiful, is smiling.