Problems of contemporary sub saharan africa
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Problems of Contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa. From drought to Apartheid: Sub-Saharan Africa P ost-European Imperialism. Drought and Famine of the Sahel. -In recent years, the countries of the Sahel region have fallen victim to drought. -The lack of water has caused great famines.

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Problems of Contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa

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Problems of Contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa

From drought to Apartheid: Sub-Saharan Africa Post-European Imperialism


Drought and Famine of the Sahel

-In recent years, the countries of the Sahel region have fallen victim to drought.

-The lack of water has caused great famines.

-Desertification – gradual process of land becoming desert

-Lake Chad – large lake in Chad that is drying up


Uganda and Idi Amin

  • In the 1970’s, Idi Amin took over the country of Uganda through a military coup d’etat.

  • He received much support from Libyan dictator Mummar Gaddafi

  • Murdered thousands of citizens including political opponents, judges and lawyers, homosexuals and foreigners


HIV/AIDS and Sub-Saharan Africa

  • One of the most devastating health concerns of the continent is HIV/AIDS

  • Pandemic – (of a disease) prevalent throughout an entire country or continent

  • Upwards of 30% of the entire population of certain Sub-Saharan countries are infected with HIV/AIDS


What is HIV/AIDS?

  • HIV – the virus that CAUSES AIDS

  • After several years, HIV develops into AIDS which affects the immune system.

  • Your immune system is made up of white blood cells that attack and destroy diseases that enter your body.

  • The AIDS virus attacks and destroys these white blood cells, basically leaving your immune system with no way to defend itself against other diseases.


How is HIV spread?

  • HIV is passed from one person to another via bodily fluid.

  • Can be passed through unprotected sex or blood transfusions.

  • Can be passed from mother to child while in the womb.

  • Anyone can get the disease. That is why it is IMPORTANT to protect yourself!

Orphans of AIDS pandemic waiting to be adopted.


HIV/AIDS in the United States

  • About 1 Million people are currently living in the United States with HIV/AIDS

  • Georgia ranks in the top ten of states with highest infection rates.

  • One of the fastest growing demographics of new infections is among heterosexual black females.


HIV/AIDS Quilt

  • -In the past, communities have come together to raise awareness of the disease as well as money to help fund research to find a cure. One of these ways was the construction of a giant AIDS quilt that was displayed in Washington, DC.

  • I want this class to create a similar “quilt” calling attention to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Sub-Saharan Africa.

  • Each pair will be given a white sheet of paper and asked to draw and color a portion of the “quilt” calling for awareness of the disease.

  • After we are all done, we will piece the patches together to form our own Sub-Saharan AIDS quilt!


Genocide in Rwanda

  • During European imperialism, the British caused tension between two ethnic groups living in Rwanda.

  • The Hutu were given priority of jobs and treated better than the other group, the Tutsi.

  • In the 1990’s, the Hutu developed a plan to systematically eliminate the entire Tutsi population.


Genocide in Rwanda

  • Genocide - the deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political or cultural group.

  • The Hutu plan to rid Rwanda of the Tutsis resulted in over 500,000 people killed.

  • United Nation forces were sent in to help stop the violence, but no widespread support came.

  • Why do you think that the global community failed to stop the genocide in Rwanda?


Blood Diamonds and West Africa

  • Many nations in West Africa have large diamond mines.

  • However the political unrest of the past few decades have left groups fighting for this resource.

  • Military warlords often oversee the mining process.

  • Sierra Leone – fought bitter and bloody civil war over control of these mines


South Africa and Apartheid

  • After European imperialism ended, South Africa began a national system of separating whites and blacks.

  • Whites make up only 10% of South Africa’s population, but they controlled most of the country’s resources as well as the government.

  • Black Africans forced to live in slums on the outskirts of major cities; denied basic rights given to whites.


F.W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela

  • In the late 1980’s, South African Prime Minister, F.W. de Klerk decided to “break apart” the system of Apartheid.

  • Nelson Mandela – imprisoned for 27 years for protesting against Apartheid; released and elected President in early 1990’s


Apartheid and “District 9”

  • “District 9” – a 2008 film set in Johannesburg, South Africa about an alien spacecraft that gets stranded above the city.

  • Aliens are forced to remain separated physically and politically from human counterparts.

  • Filmmakers have said that movie is an allegory of the system of Apartheid.


Apartheid and “District 9” T.O.D.

  • ALLEGORY – a poem, play, picture, etc. in which the apparent meaning of the characters and events is used to SYMBOLIZE a deeper moral or spiritual meaning

  • As a ticket out the door, explain how “District 9” can be considered an allegory as it relates to Apartheid.

  • Must be at least two paragraphs in length; no less than 8 sentences.


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