Problems of contemporary sub saharan africa
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Problems of Contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa. From drought to Apartheid: Sub-Saharan Africa P ost-European Imperialism. Drought and Famine of the Sahel. -In recent years, the countries of the Sahel region have fallen victim to drought. -The lack of water has caused great famines.

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Problems of contemporary sub saharan africa

Problems of Contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa

From drought to Apartheid: Sub-Saharan Africa Post-European Imperialism


Drought and famine of the sahel
Drought and Famine of the Sahel

-In recent years, the countries of the Sahel region have fallen victim to drought.

-The lack of water has caused great famines.

-Desertification – gradual process of land becoming desert

-Lake Chad – large lake in Chad that is drying up


Uganda and idi amin
Uganda and Idi Amin

  • In the 1970’s, Idi Amin took over the country of Uganda through a military coup d’etat.

  • He received much support from Libyan dictator Mummar Gaddafi

  • Murdered thousands of citizens including political opponents, judges and lawyers, homosexuals and foreigners


Hiv aids and sub saharan africa
HIV/AIDS and Sub-Saharan Africa

  • One of the most devastating health concerns of the continent is HIV/AIDS

  • Pandemic – (of a disease) prevalent throughout an entire country or continent

  • Upwards of 30% of the entire population of certain Sub-Saharan countries are infected with HIV/AIDS


What is hiv aids
What is HIV/AIDS?

  • HIV – the virus that CAUSES AIDS

  • After several years, HIV develops into AIDS which affects the immune system.

  • Your immune system is made up of white blood cells that attack and destroy diseases that enter your body.

  • The AIDS virus attacks and destroys these white blood cells, basically leaving your immune system with no way to defend itself against other diseases.


How is hiv spread
How is HIV spread?

  • HIV is passed from one person to another via bodily fluid.

  • Can be passed through unprotected sex or blood transfusions.

  • Can be passed from mother to child while in the womb.

  • Anyone can get the disease. That is why it is IMPORTANT to protect yourself!

Orphans of AIDS pandemic waiting to be adopted.


Hiv aids in the united states
HIV/AIDS in the United States

  • About 1 Million people are currently living in the United States with HIV/AIDS

  • Georgia ranks in the top ten of states with highest infection rates.

  • One of the fastest growing demographics of new infections is among heterosexual black females.


Hiv aids quilt
HIV/AIDS Quilt

  • -In the past, communities have come together to raise awareness of the disease as well as money to help fund research to find a cure. One of these ways was the construction of a giant AIDS quilt that was displayed in Washington, DC.

  • I want this class to create a similar “quilt” calling attention to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Sub-Saharan Africa.

  • Each pair will be given a white sheet of paper and asked to draw and color a portion of the “quilt” calling for awareness of the disease.

  • After we are all done, we will piece the patches together to form our own Sub-Saharan AIDS quilt!


Genocide in rwanda
Genocide in Rwanda

  • During European imperialism, the British caused tension between two ethnic groups living in Rwanda.

  • The Hutu were given priority of jobs and treated better than the other group, the Tutsi.

  • In the 1990’s, the Hutu developed a plan to systematically eliminate the entire Tutsi population.


Genocide in rwanda1
Genocide in Rwanda

  • Genocide - the deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political or cultural group.

  • The Hutu plan to rid Rwanda of the Tutsis resulted in over 500,000 people killed.

  • United Nation forces were sent in to help stop the violence, but no widespread support came.

  • Why do you think that the global community failed to stop the genocide in Rwanda?


Blood diamonds and west africa
Blood Diamonds and West Africa

  • Many nations in West Africa have large diamond mines.

  • However the political unrest of the past few decades have left groups fighting for this resource.

  • Military warlords often oversee the mining process.

  • Sierra Leone – fought bitter and bloody civil war over control of these mines


South africa and apartheid
South Africa and Apartheid

  • After European imperialism ended, South Africa began a national system of separating whites and blacks.

  • Whites make up only 10% of South Africa’s population, but they controlled most of the country’s resources as well as the government.

  • Black Africans forced to live in slums on the outskirts of major cities; denied basic rights given to whites.


F w de klerk and nelson mandela
F.W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela

  • In the late 1980’s, South African Prime Minister, F.W. de Klerk decided to “break apart” the system of Apartheid.

  • Nelson Mandela – imprisoned for 27 years for protesting against Apartheid; released and elected President in early 1990’s


Apartheid and district 9
Apartheid and “District 9”

  • “District 9” – a 2008 film set in Johannesburg, South Africa about an alien spacecraft that gets stranded above the city.

  • Aliens are forced to remain separated physically and politically from human counterparts.

  • Filmmakers have said that movie is an allegory of the system of Apartheid.


Apartheid and district 9 t o d
Apartheid and “District 9” T.O.D.

  • ALLEGORY – a poem, play, picture, etc. in which the apparent meaning of the characters and events is used to SYMBOLIZE a deeper moral or spiritual meaning

  • As a ticket out the door, explain how “District 9” can be considered an allegory as it relates to Apartheid.

  • Must be at least two paragraphs in length; no less than 8 sentences.


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