Sub-Saharan Africa. Geography East Africa West Africa. Geography: Sub-Sahara. The plateau: “upside down bowl” – rivers flowing to the sea have rapids. Nile – cataracts Zambezi – Victoria Falls Sahara Desert: north ¼ of Africa – natural barrier – Mediterranean coast – lower 3/4.
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pyramids, temples, pottery, metal ornaments, & written languageKush: Kingdom in the East
Location: trade with Red Sea and African interior: ivory, gold & exotic animal hides
Decline: Due to Arab traders re-organizing the trade routesAksum: 100 BC – 650 AD
Gold and Salt; ivory, slaves, jewels, copper gold & exotic animal hides
Timbuktu: center of learning
Mansa Musa: Muslim on a pilgrimage to MeccaWest Africa
Interior: Gold, Ivory, hides
India, SE Asia, China: cotton, silk, glassware, spices, porcelain
Swahili: Bantu language with Arabic and Persian influences - culture: architecture, dress, foodEastern Trading Nations