Sub saharan africa
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Sub-Saharan Africa PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Sub-Saharan Africa. Classical Time Period. 1000 B.C.E.-500 C.E. Politics. Stateless Societies Family/Kin based Rise of Monarchies Rise of Nok Civilization in Western Africa. Nok Civilization. Economy. Africa -> Agricultural in general Trade within Africa was common Nok people

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Sub-Saharan Africa

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Sub-Saharan Africa

Classical Time Period

1000 B.C.E.-500 C.E.


  • Stateless Societies

  • Family/Kin based

  • Rise of Monarchies

  • Rise of Nok Civilization in Western Africa

Nok Civilization


  • Africa -> Agricultural in general

  • Trade within Africa was common

  • Nok people

    • Agriculturalists/ Pastoralists

    • Iron work -> tools and weapons


  • Spread of Bantu culture

    • Bantu were people from modern day Nigeria and Camroon

    • spread of iron-working across Africa

    • Spread of Bantu language which split 500 different African languages

Bantu Expansion

Nok Art


  • No major religion

  • Animistic

Interactions with other cultures

  • Bantu culture spreads across Africa

  • Trade among the separate tribes was common

Post Classical

500 – 1450 c.e.


  • Kingdom of Ghana rises in power (300-1000 c.e.)

  • Much of Africa still stateless societies

  • Sudanic States had a patriarch or a council of elders from a certain lineage lead them

  • Malinke people from between Senegal and Niger rivers separated from Ghana and formed the Empire of Mali

  • (1200-1300) Rise of Mali

Political (cont.)

  • Sundaita(the Lion Prince) is said to have created the outline of government and society in Mali and created a unified state

  • His successors expanded Mali outward towards the Atlantic coast

  • Mansa Musa:

    • takes a pilgrimage to Mecca

    • Brings back an architect from Muslim Spain

    • Expands Islam in Africa

African Empires


  • Many places still animistic

  • Spread of Islam in Africa

    • Mansa Musa causes spread around Mali

    • Trade spreads Islam along the Eastern Coast

  • Spread causes a blend of Islamic and African culture

  • Christianity had not spread to sub-Saharan Africa yet

  • The people beyond the Eastern Coast were still animistic

African Religion

African Mosque


  • Towns like Jenne and Timbuktu had scholars, craft specialists and foriegn merchants

  • Mali’s population was agriculturalist

  • The Eastern (Swahili) Coast boomed with trade with S. W. Asia, India, China


  • Islamic influence caused a blend of African and Islamic culture along the Swahili coast

  • The rulers and merchants had a more Islamic culture

  • The common people had a more African culture

  • The Arabic language was used and blended with Bantu to make the Swahili language

  • The Bantu had fully migrated throughout sub-Saharan Africa


  • Trade w/ S. W. Asia brought in Islam

  • Trade w/ rest of Asia brought commercial goods

  • Bantu migrations caused more kingdoms to form in southern Africa

Early Modern Time Period

1450 - 1750


  • Portuguese start trading along the coasts

    • Gold

    • Salt

    • Ivory

    • Slaves

  • The Dutch, British, and French get involved in slave trade

  • Africa received goods and gave slaves in the Triangular Trade

  • South Africa has Boers (Dutch farmers)

    • Plantations worked by slaves

Portuguese Trade Routes


  • The missionaries followed the traders’ path to gain Christian converts

  • Muslim reform movements-1770’s


  • West and Central Africa consisted of small states

    • War was common

    • prisoners of war were traded for weapons

  • The states closest to the coast had most power

    • b/c they had European weaponry


  • Europeans were incorporated into African art work

  • Nzinga Mvemba tried to Europeanize his kingdom

  • The Europeans didn’t change much of Africa's culture

African Mask


  • Africa becomes the world’s source of Slaves

    • S. W. Asia take women and children

    • European’s take men (and later women) to work the plantations

  • Slaves are traded for guns which are used to get more slaves

Industrial Age

1750 - 1914


  • Africa -> Tropical dependency

    • Small group of Europeans rule large group of natives

  • Europeans believed the Africans were not fit to rule themselves

  • French Revolution shook control in some parts of Africa


  • Used for goods during industrial revolution

  • Not many consumers

  • South Africa gold dispute

    • Britain fought the boers for land in South Africa containing gold


  • People were getting categorized into “tribes”

    • Labeled the Africans as backwards and tribal

  • Racial views decreased education in Africa

  • Colonizer was considered greater than the colonized


  • Christianity got better hold under European control

  • Religion became a reason for imperialism


  • Africa came under European control

  • Primarily used by Europe for resources

  • Christianity gains ground in Africa

Modern Time Period

1914 - Present


  • Berlin Conference split up control of Africa

  • The new borders put warring groups of people together

  • Africans began rebelling European control

  • Borders of independent Africa contained rival tribes

    • Led to civil wars

Africa after Berlin Conference

Modern Day Africa


  • Resources used up by Europe

  • Recourses for military more than for education and hospitals

  • Population too high for economy to support

  • Economic problems led to civil wars


  • Diseases

    • Aids

    • HIV

  • Diverse influence in African architecture

    • Baroque

    • Gujarati

    • Turkish

  • Symmetrical masks, statues popular

African Statues


  • Africa obtained many religions

    • Christianity

    • Islam

    • Judaism

      And had many of its own indigenous religions


  • Africa broke free from European control

  • United Nations sets standards for basic human rights

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