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Sub-Saharan Africa. Classical Time Period. 1000 B.C.E.-500 C.E. Politics. Stateless Societies Family/Kin based Rise of Monarchies Rise of Nok Civilization in Western Africa. Nok Civilization. Economy. Africa -> Agricultural in general Trade within Africa was common Nok people

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classical time period
Classical Time Period

1000 B.C.E.-500 C.E.

politics
Politics
  • Stateless Societies
  • Family/Kin based
  • Rise of Monarchies
  • Rise of Nok Civilization in Western Africa
economy
Economy
  • Africa -> Agricultural in general
  • Trade within Africa was common
  • Nok people
      • Agriculturalists/ Pastoralists
      • Iron work -> tools and weapons
culture
Culture
  • Spread of Bantu culture
    • Bantu were people from modern day Nigeria and Camroon
    • spread of iron-working across Africa
    • Spread of Bantu language which split 500 different African languages
religion
Religion
  • No major religion
  • Animistic
interactions with other cultures
Interactions with other cultures
  • Bantu culture spreads across Africa
  • Trade among the separate tribes was common
post classical
Post Classical

500 – 1450 c.e.

political
Political
  • Kingdom of Ghana rises in power (300-1000 c.e.)
  • Much of Africa still stateless societies
  • Sudanic States had a patriarch or a council of elders from a certain lineage lead them
  • Malinke people from between Senegal and Niger rivers separated from Ghana and formed the Empire of Mali
  • (1200-1300) Rise of Mali
political cont
Political (cont.)
  • Sundaita(the Lion Prince) is said to have created the outline of government and society in Mali and created a unified state
  • His successors expanded Mali outward towards the Atlantic coast
  • Mansa Musa:
    • takes a pilgrimage to Mecca
    • Brings back an architect from Muslim Spain
    • Expands Islam in Africa
religion1
Religion
  • Many places still animistic
  • Spread of Islam in Africa
    • Mansa Musa causes spread around Mali
    • Trade spreads Islam along the Eastern Coast
  • Spread causes a blend of Islamic and African culture
  • Christianity had not spread to sub-Saharan Africa yet
  • The people beyond the Eastern Coast were still animistic
economy1
Economy
  • Towns like Jenne and Timbuktu had scholars, craft specialists and foriegn merchants
  • Mali’s population was agriculturalist
  • The Eastern (Swahili) Coast boomed with trade with S. W. Asia, India, China
culture1
Culture
  • Islamic influence caused a blend of African and Islamic culture along the Swahili coast
  • The rulers and merchants had a more Islamic culture
  • The common people had a more African culture
  • The Arabic language was used and blended with Bantu to make the Swahili language
  • The Bantu had fully migrated throughout sub-Saharan Africa
interactions
Interactions
  • Trade w/ S. W. Asia brought in Islam
  • Trade w/ rest of Asia brought commercial goods
  • Bantu migrations caused more kingdoms to form in southern Africa
economy2
Economy
  • Portuguese start trading along the coasts
    • Gold
    • Salt
    • Ivory
    • Slaves
  • The Dutch, British, and French get involved in slave trade
  • Africa received goods and gave slaves in the Triangular Trade
  • South Africa has Boers (Dutch farmers)
    • Plantations worked by slaves
religion2
Religion
  • The missionaries followed the traders’ path to gain Christian converts
  • Muslim reform movements-1770’s
politics1
Politics
  • West and Central Africa consisted of small states
    • War was common
    • prisoners of war were traded for weapons
  • The states closest to the coast had most power
    • b/c they had European weaponry
culture2
Culture
  • Europeans were incorporated into African art work
  • Nzinga Mvemba tried to Europeanize his kingdom
  • The Europeans didn’t change much of Africa\'s culture
interactions1
Interactions
  • Africa becomes the world’s source of Slaves
    • S. W. Asia take women and children
    • European’s take men (and later women) to work the plantations
  • Slaves are traded for guns which are used to get more slaves
industrial age
Industrial Age

1750 - 1914

politics2
Politics
  • Africa -> Tropical dependency
    • Small group of Europeans rule large group of natives
  • Europeans believed the Africans were not fit to rule themselves
  • French Revolution shook control in some parts of Africa
economy3
Economy
  • Used for goods during industrial revolution
  • Not many consumers
  • South Africa gold dispute
    • Britain fought the boers for land in South Africa containing gold
culture3
Culture
  • People were getting categorized into “tribes”
    • Labeled the Africans as backwards and tribal
  • Racial views decreased education in Africa
  • Colonizer was considered greater than the colonized
religion3
Religion
  • Christianity got better hold under European control
  • Religion became a reason for imperialism
interactions2
Interactions
  • Africa came under European control
  • Primarily used by Europe for resources
  • Christianity gains ground in Africa
modern time period
Modern Time Period

1914 - Present

politics3
Politics
  • Berlin Conference split up control of Africa
  • The new borders put warring groups of people together
  • Africans began rebelling European control
  • Borders of independent Africa contained rival tribes
    • Led to civil wars
economy4
Economy
  • Resources used up by Europe
  • Recourses for military more than for education and hospitals
  • Population too high for economy to support
  • Economic problems led to civil wars
culture4
Culture
  • Diseases
    • Aids
    • HIV
  • Diverse influence in African architecture
    • Baroque
    • Gujarati
    • Turkish
  • Symmetrical masks, statues popular
religion4
Religion
  • Africa obtained many religions
    • Christianity
    • Islam
    • Judaism

And had many of its own indigenous religions

interactions3
Interactions
  • Africa broke free from European control
  • United Nations sets standards for basic human rights
ad