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Sentence Structure. Week 2a. Basic Sentence Structure. All sentences must have…. 1- a subject (who or what is being discussed). 2- a predicate / pred - i -kit/ (has a verb and gives information about the subject). 3- a complete thought or give a message. .

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basic sentence structure
Basic Sentence Structure

All sentences must have….

1- a subject

(who or what is being discussed).

2- a predicate /pred-i-kit/

(has a verb and gives information about the subject).

3- a complete thought or give a message.

Five boats crossed the river.

complete thought

Subject

Predicate

a sentence

analyze put a wavy line under the subject and a straight line under the predicate
Analyze- Put a wavy line under the subject and a straight line under the predicate.

Many people were hurt in the accident.

Full time jobs are becoming more and more difficult to find.

Take out the garbage.

That report was due last Friday.

how did you do
How did you do?

Many people were hurt in the accident.

Full time jobs are becoming more and more difficult to find.

Take out the garbage. You * Note: This is a command. The subject is known though it is not visible. You should not use commands with superiors (it’s like panmal).

That report was due last Friday.

basic sentence patterns
Basic Sentence Patterns

• Natural order

The five boatssailed gracefully across the water.

Gracefully across the water sailed the five boats.

• MixedOrder

Gracefully across the water the five boatssailed.

Reversed Order

The predicate is divided

questions are formed by changing the sentence pattern
Questions are formed by changing the sentence pattern.

You did answer those questions. Statement

Did you answer those questions? Question

analyze identify the subject predicate and the sentence pattern natural reversed or mixed
AnalyzeIdentify the subject predicate and the sentence pattern (natural, reversed, or mixed)

1- The old man walked slowly down the street.

2- On the exam were several difficult questions.

3- What have you done with my report?

4- In the autumn all the leaves fall off the trees.

5- On the first page was a list of the candidates’ names and addresses.

how did you do1
How did you do?

1- The old man walked slowly down the street. N

2- On the exam were several difficult questions. R

3- What have youdone with my report? M

4- In the autumnall the leaves fall off the trees. M

5- On the first pagewas a list of the candidates’ names and addresses. R

sentence fragments
Sentence Fragments

* Subject – Ex: Saw the movie

* Predicate- Ex: The man in the grey suit.

- Ex: George picking up his boots.

* Complete thought – Ex: Although I had studied.

MISSING

these fragments are missing a predicate or a subject
These fragments are missing a predicate or a subject.
  • The color of the water.
  • The workers who built the bridge.
  • Plan to leave at 3 O’clock
  • Suyin finding an error in her work.
  • Was reading the sports section.
  • Happy the storm was over.
there are many ways to correct these sentences here are a few suggestions
There are many ways to correct these sentences. Here are a few suggestions.
  • The color of the water is blue.
  • The workers who built the bridge.
  • I plan to leave at 3 O’clock
  • Suyinis finding an error in her work.
  • I was reading the sports section.
  • HappyThe storm was over.
these sentences are missing a subject and a predicate
These sentences are missing a subject and a predicate!
  • Normally these kinds of fragments are beside a complete sentence. You can fix them by attaching the word group to the sentence it describes.

In the middle of the night. The telephone rang.

In the middle of the night the telephone rang.

We walked. Across the street.

We walked across the street.

these fragments do not form a complete thought
These fragments do not form a complete thought.
  • You can fix them by deleting the initial word or attaching the incomplete fragment to a sentence.

Although I had studied.

I had studied

Ever since starting an exercise program.

Ever since starting an exercise program I look and feel better.

correct the sentences
Correct the sentences
  • During the spring and summer seasons. We often go for long drives in the country.
  • Because it rained.
  • Although I had been there before.
  • If you need some help. Please telephone me at home or at work.
  • I enjoy playing sports. Because they are a lot of fun.
there are many ways to correct these sentences here are some suggestions
There are many ways to correct these sentences. Here are some suggestions.
  • During the spring and summer seasons we often go for long drives in the country.
  • BecauseIt rained. Or We were late because it rained.
  • Although I had been there before. OrAlthough I had been there before, it looked very unfamiliar to me.
  • If you need some help please telephone me at home or at work.
  • I enjoy playing sports because they are a lot of fun.
with a partner correct this paragraph
With a partner correct this paragraph.

After studying house designs and decorating techniques for two years. Sara decided to take a business management course. She felt this extra training would give her the skills she would need. To open her own company. In the beginning had to work long hours. Doing the ordering, the accounts, deliveries, as well as decorating customers’ homes. Because she couldn’t afford to hire anyone to help her. Her work was excellent. Because she made sure that her customers were always satisfied. As more people learned about her talents. Her company expanded. Hired some assistants. Today Sara being one of the city’s most successful business woman.

slide17

Every sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a period, an exclamation point, or a question mark.

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