The bottomless pit effect an analysis of tourism development funding in the orm ns g
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The “bottomless pit” effect – An analysis of tourism development funding in the Ormánság. Csapó , J. – Marton , G. – Szabó , K . University of Pécs Faculty of Sciences Institute of Geography Department of Tourism. Introduction.

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The “bottomless pit” effect – An analysis of tourism development funding in the Ormánság

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The bottomless pit effect an analysis of tourism development funding in the orm ns g

The “bottomless pit” effect – An analysis of tourism development funding in the Ormánság

Csapó, J. – Marton, G. – Szabó, K.

University of Pécs

Faculty of Sciences

Institute of Geography

Department of Tourism


Introduction

Introduction

  • Analysethe tourism development supports and their regional impacts (2004-)

    • it is very important to receive grants and funding from the EU (or other sources) but it is also significant to measure how these sources were utilised and whether any changes were experienced from 2004 or not.

    • Our preconception is that hardly any positive processes can be experienced in the researched areaeither from social or from economic respect.

    • Our paper and conference lecture tries to prove or reject this concept of the Ormánság being a “bottomless pit”.


1 the orm ns g

1. The Ormánság

  • An etnographicalregionattheHungarian-Croatianborderarea.

  • 63.000 hectares

  • 52 settlements

  • 19.000 inhabitants

  • Economicalpheriphery…

  • Demographicalstress…

  • Disadvantageouspositions…


2 the area of the orm ns g

2. The area of the Ormánság

Source:Losonci, J. and Marton, G., 2008.


The bottomless pit effect an analysis of tourism development funding in the orm ns g

  • The Ormánság is a landscape unit with numerous outstanding tourism endowments:

    • its natural environment involves several potential resources, which can be exploited by the tourism industry.

  • The territory is considered to be one of Hungary’s externalperipheries, therefore bears the characteristics of the social as well as the economic margin.

  • The volume of tourism – as an economic branch – is realised on a much lower level than that of the potentials derived from the resources.

  • One of the foundations of the region’s economic development is represented by the conscious improvement of tourism, which is based on the natural resources of the area.


3 the tourism potential

3. The tourism potential

  • The basis is theenviromentalheritage

    • Inviolatevalues: waters, forest, animals…

    • National park, Ramsariareas, Natura 2000…

    • Activetourism !!!

  • Culturalheritage(onlycomplementary!)

    • Local gastronomy, buildings, religions…

      BUT, theterritory:

  • Withunutilisedsources!

  • Withoutinnovativeinvestment!

  • Withoutgeneraldevelopment!


Protected areas ramsari natura 2000 national park national ecological network

Protectedareas(Ramsari, Natura 2000, National Park, National Ecologicalnetwork)

http://gis.teir.hu/teirgis_termeszetvedelem/


The bottomless pit effect an analysis of tourism development funding in the orm ns g

The GE type tourism portfolio of the Ormánság

Source: Marton, G. 2010.


4 the tourism supply

4. The tourism supply

The spatial allocation of the accommodations

Source:Losonci, J. and Marton, G.


The bottomless pit effect an analysis of tourism development funding in the orm ns g

  • Accommodations

    • Approximatelyat 15 settlements

    • Capacityaround 500 beds

Source: primaryresearch, Marton, G.


5 the tourism demand

5. The tourism demand


The bottomless pit effect an analysis of tourism development funding in the orm ns g

Average: 1465 tourist/year!!!


6 investments in tourism

6. Investmentsintourism

  • Analysedplanningperiods:

    • SzéchenniPlan (2000-2002)

    • NDPI (2004-2006)

    • NDP II (New Hungary DevelopmentPlan) (2007-2010)

    • NSZP (New Széchenyi Plan) (2011-2013)

  • Supportsourcesfortourism:

    • Széchenyi Plan

    • ROP

    • AVOP (agricultural and ruraldevelopmentfund)

    • IPA

    • Leader


7 results

7. Results

  • Verylow tendering acitivityatthe Ormánság

  • Hectictourismdemand

  • Increasecanonly be detectedattheprivateaccommodations

    • At a verylowlevel

    • Sothere is no correlationbetweentheimpacts of tourismsupports and theresults of commercialaccommodations

  • Lownumber of population – relativelyhighamountoftourismsupply – lowvaluesoftourismincomce and development

  • There is no breakthroughyet

    • duetothelack of uniform developmentconcept and notadequateproductdevelopment


The bottomless pit effect an analysis of tourism development funding in the orm ns g

  • Productdevelopment is notdemandbased!

    • Top-bottomdevelopment

  • Culturalattractionsonlydonotmean an independenttourismattraction (eventhoughseveralsources, scientificpapersdeclarethis)

  • Sociallack of tourismcatering and hospitality

    • Local populationnotreadyfortourism

  • Lack of infrastructure and tourisminfrastructure

    • Whicharenottakenintoconsiderationatthedevelopments

  • „Ormánság” with a negative image

  • Total lack of marketing


The bottomless pit effect an analysis of tourism development funding in the orm ns g

  • Our preconception that hardly any positive processes can be experienced in the researched area fromthepoint of viewoftourismsupports and theirimpacts has beenproved.

  • Still a „bottomless pit”…


  • The bottomless pit effect an analysis of tourism development funding in the orm ns g

    Thankyouverymuchforyourkindattention!


    Sellyei micro region

    Sellyei microregion


    Hazai t mogat sok 2004 2011 vben sellyei kist rs g

    Hazai támogatások 2004-2011 évben (Sellyei kistérség)


    Uni s t mogat sok nft1 2004 2011 vben

    Uniós támogatások NFT1 2004-2011 évben


    Uni s t mogat sok umft 2007 2011 vben

    Uniós támogatások UMFT 2007-2011 évben

    https://www.teir.hu/rqdist/main?rq_app=um&rq_proc=eredfr2&xterkod=3204&xmutkod=18&xtabkell=I&xtertip=K


    Vend g jszak k sz ma a kereskedelmi sz ll shelyeken ezer db 2010

    Vendégéjszakák száma a kereskedelmi szálláshelyeken (ezer db) 2010


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