The bottomless pit effect an analysis of tourism development funding in the orm ns g
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The “bottomless pit” effect – An analysis of tourism development funding in the Ormánság. Csapó , J. – Marton , G. – Szabó , K . University of Pécs Faculty of Sciences Institute of Geography Department of Tourism. Introduction.

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The “bottomless pit” effect – An analysis of tourism development funding in the Ormánság

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The “bottomless pit” effect – An analysis of tourism development funding in the Ormánság

Csapó, J. – Marton, G. – Szabó, K.

University of Pécs

Faculty of Sciences

Institute of Geography

Department of Tourism


Introduction

  • Analysethe tourism development supports and their regional impacts (2004-)

    • it is very important to receive grants and funding from the EU (or other sources) but it is also significant to measure how these sources were utilised and whether any changes were experienced from 2004 or not.

    • Our preconception is that hardly any positive processes can be experienced in the researched areaeither from social or from economic respect.

    • Our paper and conference lecture tries to prove or reject this concept of the Ormánság being a “bottomless pit”.


1. The Ormánság

  • An etnographicalregionattheHungarian-Croatianborderarea.

  • 63.000 hectares

  • 52 settlements

  • 19.000 inhabitants

  • Economicalpheriphery…

  • Demographicalstress…

  • Disadvantageouspositions…


2. The area of the Ormánság

Source:Losonci, J. and Marton, G., 2008.


  • The Ormánság is a landscape unit with numerous outstanding tourism endowments:

    • its natural environment involves several potential resources, which can be exploited by the tourism industry.

  • The territory is considered to be one of Hungary’s externalperipheries, therefore bears the characteristics of the social as well as the economic margin.

  • The volume of tourism – as an economic branch – is realised on a much lower level than that of the potentials derived from the resources.

  • One of the foundations of the region’s economic development is represented by the conscious improvement of tourism, which is based on the natural resources of the area.


3. The tourism potential

  • The basis is theenviromentalheritage

    • Inviolatevalues: waters, forest, animals…

    • National park, Ramsariareas, Natura 2000…

    • Activetourism !!!

  • Culturalheritage(onlycomplementary!)

    • Local gastronomy, buildings, religions…

      BUT, theterritory:

  • Withunutilisedsources!

  • Withoutinnovativeinvestment!

  • Withoutgeneraldevelopment!


Protectedareas(Ramsari, Natura 2000, National Park, National Ecologicalnetwork)

http://gis.teir.hu/teirgis_termeszetvedelem/


The GE type tourism portfolio of the Ormánság

Source: Marton, G. 2010.


4. The tourism supply

The spatial allocation of the accommodations

Source:Losonci, J. and Marton, G.


  • Accommodations

    • Approximatelyat 15 settlements

    • Capacityaround 500 beds

Source: primaryresearch, Marton, G.


5. The tourism demand


Average: 1465 tourist/year!!!


6. Investmentsintourism

  • Analysedplanningperiods:

    • SzéchenniPlan (2000-2002)

    • NDPI (2004-2006)

    • NDP II (New Hungary DevelopmentPlan) (2007-2010)

    • NSZP (New Széchenyi Plan) (2011-2013)

  • Supportsourcesfortourism:

    • Széchenyi Plan

    • ROP

    • AVOP (agricultural and ruraldevelopmentfund)

    • IPA

    • Leader


7. Results

  • Verylow tendering acitivityatthe Ormánság

  • Hectictourismdemand

  • Increasecanonly be detectedattheprivateaccommodations

    • At a verylowlevel

    • Sothere is no correlationbetweentheimpacts of tourismsupports and theresults of commercialaccommodations

  • Lownumber of population – relativelyhighamountoftourismsupply – lowvaluesoftourismincomce and development

  • There is no breakthroughyet

    • duetothelack of uniform developmentconcept and notadequateproductdevelopment


  • Productdevelopment is notdemandbased!

    • Top-bottomdevelopment

  • Culturalattractionsonlydonotmean an independenttourismattraction (eventhoughseveralsources, scientificpapersdeclarethis)

  • Sociallack of tourismcatering and hospitality

    • Local populationnotreadyfortourism

  • Lack of infrastructure and tourisminfrastructure

    • Whicharenottakenintoconsiderationatthedevelopments

  • „Ormánság” with a negative image

  • Total lack of marketing


  • Our preconception that hardly any positive processes can be experienced in the researched area fromthepoint of viewoftourismsupports and theirimpacts has beenproved.

  • Still a „bottomless pit”…


  • Thankyouverymuchforyourkindattention!


    Sellyei microregion


    Hazai támogatások 2004-2011 évben (Sellyei kistérség)


    Uniós támogatások NFT1 2004-2011 évben


    Uniós támogatások UMFT 2007-2011 évben

    https://www.teir.hu/rqdist/main?rq_app=um&rq_proc=eredfr2&xterkod=3204&xmutkod=18&xtabkell=I&xtertip=K


    Vendégéjszakák száma a kereskedelmi szálláshelyeken (ezer db) 2010


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