Coastal tourism in tanzania
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Coastal Tourism in Tanzania Presented by: Ildefons A.Masekesa TCMP – Coastal Tourism Coordinator and Principal Tourism Warden-Marine Parks and Reserves Tanzania Tanzania Coastal Management Partnership (TCMP)

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Coastal tourism in tanzania l.jpg

Coastal Tourism in Tanzania

Presented by:

Ildefons A.Masekesa

TCMP – Coastal Tourism Coordinator and

Principal Tourism Warden-Marine Parks and Reserves Tanzania


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Tanzania Coastal Management Partnership (TCMP)

  • Joint initiative between Vice President’s Office through NEMC, United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Coastal Resources Center/University of Rhode Island (CRC/URI)

  • Initiated to develop and apply a national coastal management framework i.e to conserve coastal biodiversity and improve livelihoods.

  • Promoting Sustainable Tourism (coastal tourism) is one of the TCMP activities.


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An overview of Tourism-Tanzania

  • Tourism is now the largest industry in the world – it can bring substantial economic benefits to Tanzania

  • Tourism industry depends on a clean and healthy environment

  • Sustainable tourism can enhance environmental conservation and provide tangible benefits to the communities


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Overview (cont)

  • Travel Industry trends– more demands for pristine environments, experiences with nature and lack of pollution and civil society problems

  • Tourism receipt increased from US$ 259.44 million in 1995 to US$ 746.02 million in 2004

  • Tourist arrivals increase from 295,312 in 1995 to 582,807 in 2004

  • Accounts for nearly 16% of the national GDP

  • Support around 198,557 direct jobs.


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The case for Coastal Tourism Development in Tanzania

  • Tanzania has 1424 km of coastline

  • Natural attractions range from the traditional wildlife to the relatively newly discovered marine mammals (dolphin, dugong, whales etc.)

  • Cultural attractions

    - historical sites

    - ruins along the coast

    - traditional Swahili life-style


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The case for coastal tourism development (cont)

  • National Tourism Policy of 1999 - Diversification of tourism products

  • Integrated Tourism Master Plan- the coast is the priority zone for tourism development

  • National ICM Strategy- coordination of coastal environment and economic activities for improving livelihood

  • NSGRP (MKUKUTA) – Pro- poor tourism




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Coastal areas with high potential for coastal tourism

  • Pangani- Saadani- Bagamoyo

  • Kilwa

  • Mafia Island

  • Lindi - Mtwara



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Problem Analysis

  • Main environmental problems:

  • Pressure on existing infrastructure and services

  • Beach erosion from poorly sited hotels

  • Localized pollution due to increased waste load

  • Degradation of habitats e.g. Due to trampling and anchors

  • Collection of trophies,seashells and corals


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Problem Analysis [cont]

  • Social-economic problems:

  • Rural coastal communities are still poor, depend on smallholder farming, small-scale trade, livestock husbandry etc.

  • Low level of participation by local communities in tourism planning and management processes

  • Unemployment and lack of sufficient knowledge about tourism business


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Problems[cont]

  • Development Constraints:

  • Inadequate access [International & Internal flights]

  • poor infrastructure esp. roads

  • High costs of internal transport

  • Poor services standard

  • Poor quality tour and safari guides

  • Lack of quality accommodation facilities


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Efforts to overcome constraints

  • Develop Guidelines for Coastal tourism Development

  • Develop a comprehensive tourism management plan

  • Provide technical advice to the Coastal Tourism investors by using the Guidelines

  • Support the CBOs to promote ICM best practices in Bagamoyo and Pangani Districts


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Efforts (Cont)

  • Work with FINCA Tanzania to provide loans to the Bagamoyo Tour Guides

  • Support MPRU for opening of nature trails and placement of signages on Bongoyo Island Marine Reserve

  • Work with Tourism Division to prepare the National Tourism Development Programme


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The way forward

  • Continue providing Technical assistance to the new and existing initiatives

  • Continue to assist potential investors on the use of the Guidelines for Coastal Tourism Development

  • Continue to work with the Tourism Division to implement the National Tourism Policy and Master plan


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The future of coastal Tourism

  • Depends on cooperation between all interested stakeholders

  • Has the power to build up the well-being of Tanzanians living along the coast

  • Depends upon adherence to the existing guidelines



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