The war of 1812
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The War of 1812. Launching the New Nation part 11. In 1804 , Jefferson won a second term as president . Shortly after his victory, Britain and France went to war.

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The war of 1812

The War of 1812

Launching the New Nation

part 11

In 1804, Jeffersonwon a second term as president. Shortly after his victory, Britain and France went to war.

  • The British also practiced American ships.impressment. This was a practice in which British forces seized American sailors and forced them to serve in the British navy.

  • In 1807, Jefferson asked Congress to declare an American ships.embargo, the partial or complete prohibition of commerce and trade with a particular country, in order to isolate it. Jefferson hoped the embargo would hurt Britain and other European countries and force them to respect American neutrality.

  • The call for war against Britain grew louder in the wake of an incident involving Native Americans in the Northwest territory. In 1809General William Henry Harrison, the governor of the Indiana Territory, persuaded several Native American chiefs to sign millions of acres of tribal land to the U.S. government.

  • Tecumseh an incident involving Native Americans in the Northwest territory. In , a Native American leader, organized a confederacy of Native Americans to fight for the Indiana Territory. American troops defeated the confederacy in 1811.

  • Some supplied the Native Americans armsleaders demanded war against Britain. They were known as war hawks. They were led by legislators John C. Calhoun and Henry Clay.

James Madison supplied the Native Americans armsbecame the 4th president in 1808. By 1812, relations with Britain were more strained than ever.

  • That year, Madison supplied the Native Americans armsasked Congress to declare war on Britain. Congress approved the war declaration.

  • Soon afterward, supplied the Native Americans armsU.S. forces attacked the British in Canada. The war did not go well for the Americans at first.

  • The General Treaty of Ghent, signed in December 1814, declared an armistice, or end to the fighting. The War of 1812 showed that the United States was truly independent.