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The War of 1812. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY. America's Second War for Independence?. Causes of the War?. Impressment Trade Territory. 2. Impressment. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vXFy3g6oxAc. 1808-1811  Britain impressed over 6,000 American sailors.

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The War of 1812

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The

War

of 1812

Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY


America's

Second War for

Independence?


Causes

of the

War?


  • Impressment

  • Trade

  • Territory


2. Impressment

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vXFy3g6oxAc

  • 1808-1811  Britain impressed over 6,000 American sailors.


Chesapeake-Leopard “Affair”

  • June 21, 1807.

  • Br. Captain fired on the USS Chesapeake.

  • 3 dead, 18 wounded.

  • Br. Foreign Office said it was a mistake.

  • Jefferson’s Response:

    • Forbade Br. ships to dock in American ports.

    • Ordered state governors to call up as much as 100,000 militiamen.


1. Trade

  • War between Britain and France

  • 1806  Berlin Decrees

    • Napoleon: Ships that go to Britain are subject to seizure

  • 1806  Britain issued the “Orders in Council.”

    • Ships going to continent must stop in Britain

  • 1807  Milan Decrees

    • Enforce Berlin Decree

  • 1808-1811  Britain impressed over 6,000 American sailors.


  • The Embargo Act (1807)The “OGRABME” Turtle

    What impact did the Embargo Act have on American Trade?


    Presidential Election of 1808


    James Madison Becomes President


    4. The Non-Intercourse Act (1809)

    • Forbade trade with Britain/France, but could trade with other countries.

    • Replaced the Embargo Act.

    • Remained U. S. policy until 1812.

    • Unexpected Consequences:

      • N. Eng. was forced to become self-sufficient again [old factories reopened].

      • Laid the groundwork for US industrial power.

      • Jefferson, a critic of an industrial America, ironically contributed to Hamilton’s view of the US!!!


    Territory

    Louisiana Purchase

    British General Brock Meets with Tecumseh

    Br. Instigation of Indians


    Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811

    • General William HenryHarrison  governor ofthe Indiana Territory.

    • Invited Native Indianchiefs to Ft. Wayne, INto sign away 3 mil. acres of land to the US government.

    • Tecumseh organized a confederacy of Indian tribes to fight for their homelands.

    • Tecumseh’s brother fought against Harrison and was defeated at Tippecanoe.

    • This made Harrison a national hero![1840 election  Tippecanoe & Tyler, too!]


    “War Hawks”

    John C. Calhoun [SC]

    Henry Clay [KY]


    Presidential Election of 1812


    “Mr. Madison’s War!”

    If you were Madison, would you have gone to War?


    American Problems

    • The US was unprepared militarily:

      • Had a 12-ship navy vs. Britain’s800 ships.

      • Americans disliked a draft  preferred to enlist in the disorganized state militias.

    • Financially unprepared:

      • Flood of paper $.

      • Revenue from import tariffs declined.

    • Regional disagreements.


    Overviewof theWarof1812


    3 U. S. Invasions of 1812


    Campaigns of 1813


    Battle of Fort McHenry,1814

    Oh Say Can You SeeBy the Dawn’s Early Light… -- Francis Scott Key


    Gave proof through the night,That our flag was still there..


    Attack on Ft. Oswego, 1814


    Hartford ConventionDecember, 1814 – January, 1815

    New

    England

    Considers

    Cecession!


    Treaty of GhentDecember 24, 1814


    The Battle of New Orleans, 1815


    The Battle of New Orleans, 1815


    Jackson’s Florida Campaigns


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