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The War of 1812. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY. America's Second War for Independence?. Causes of the War?. Impressment Trade Territory. 2. Impressment. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vXFy3g6oxAc. 1808-1811  Britain impressed over 6,000 American sailors.

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The War of 1812

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The war of 1812

The

War

of 1812

Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY


The war of 1812

America's

Second War for

Independence?


The war of 1812

Causes

of the

War?


The war of 1812

  • Impressment

  • Trade

  • Territory


2 impressment

2. Impressment

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vXFy3g6oxAc

  • 1808-1811  Britain impressed over 6,000 American sailors.


The war of 1812

Chesapeake-Leopard “Affair”

  • June 21, 1807.

  • Br. Captain fired on the USS Chesapeake.

  • 3 dead, 18 wounded.

  • Br. Foreign Office said it was a mistake.

  • Jefferson’s Response:

    • Forbade Br. ships to dock in American ports.

    • Ordered state governors to call up as much as 100,000 militiamen.


The war of 1812

1. Trade

  • War between Britain and France

  • 1806  Berlin Decrees

    • Napoleon: Ships that go to Britain are subject to seizure

  • 1806  Britain issued the “Orders in Council.”

    • Ships going to continent must stop in Britain

  • 1807  Milan Decrees

    • Enforce Berlin Decree

  • 1808-1811  Britain impressed over 6,000 American sailors.


  • The war of 1812

    The Embargo Act (1807)The “OGRABME” Turtle

    What impact did the Embargo Act have on American Trade?


    The war of 1812

    Presidential Election of 1808


    The war of 1812

    James Madison Becomes President


    The war of 1812

    4. The Non-Intercourse Act (1809)

    • Forbade trade with Britain/France, but could trade with other countries.

    • Replaced the Embargo Act.

    • Remained U. S. policy until 1812.

    • Unexpected Consequences:

      • N. Eng. was forced to become self-sufficient again [old factories reopened].

      • Laid the groundwork for US industrial power.

      • Jefferson, a critic of an industrial America, ironically contributed to Hamilton’s view of the US!!!


    The war of 1812

    Territory

    Louisiana Purchase

    British General Brock Meets with Tecumseh

    Br. Instigation of Indians


    The war of 1812

    Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811

    • General William HenryHarrison  governor ofthe Indiana Territory.

    • Invited Native Indianchiefs to Ft. Wayne, INto sign away 3 mil. acres of land to the US government.

    • Tecumseh organized a confederacy of Indian tribes to fight for their homelands.

    • Tecumseh’s brother fought against Harrison and was defeated at Tippecanoe.

    • This made Harrison a national hero![1840 election  Tippecanoe & Tyler, too!]


    The war of 1812

    “War Hawks”

    John C. Calhoun [SC]

    Henry Clay [KY]


    The war of 1812

    Presidential Election of 1812


    The war of 1812

    “Mr. Madison’s War!”

    If you were Madison, would you have gone to War?


    The war of 1812

    American Problems

    • The US was unprepared militarily:

      • Had a 12-ship navy vs. Britain’s800 ships.

      • Americans disliked a draft  preferred to enlist in the disorganized state militias.

    • Financially unprepared:

      • Flood of paper $.

      • Revenue from import tariffs declined.

    • Regional disagreements.


    The war of 1812

    Overviewof theWarof1812


    The war of 1812

    3 U. S. Invasions of 1812


    The war of 1812

    Campaigns of 1813


    The war of 1812

    Battle of Fort McHenry,1814

    Oh Say Can You SeeBy the Dawn’s Early Light… -- Francis Scott Key


    The war of 1812

    Gave proof through the night,That our flag was still there..


    The war of 1812

    Attack on Ft. Oswego, 1814


    The war of 1812

    Hartford ConventionDecember, 1814 – January, 1815

    New

    England

    Considers

    Cecession!


    The war of 1812

    Treaty of GhentDecember 24, 1814


    The war of 1812

    The Battle of New Orleans, 1815


    The war of 1812

    The Battle of New Orleans, 1815


    The war of 1812

    Jackson’s Florida Campaigns


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