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The War of 1812

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The War of 1812. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY. America\'s Second War for Independence?. Causes of the War?. Impressment Trade Territory. 2. Impressment. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vXFy3g6oxAc. 1808-1811  Britain impressed over 6,000 American sailors.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

The

War

of 1812

Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

slide2

America\'s

Second War for

Independence?

slide3

Causes

of the

War?

slide4

Impressment

  • Trade
  • Territory
2 impressment
2. Impressment
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vXFy3g6oxAc
  • 1808-1811  Britain impressed over 6,000 American sailors.
slide6

Chesapeake-Leopard “Affair”

  • June 21, 1807.
  • Br. Captain fired on the USS Chesapeake.
  • 3 dead, 18 wounded.
  • Br. Foreign Office said it was a mistake.
  • Jefferson’s Response:
    • Forbade Br. ships to dock in American ports.
    • Ordered state governors to call up as much as 100,000 militiamen.
slide7

1. Trade

  • War between Britain and France
  • 1806  Berlin Decrees
      • Napoleon: Ships that go to Britain are subject to seizure
  • 1806  Britain issued the “Orders in Council.”
      • Ships going to continent must stop in Britain
  • 1807  Milan Decrees
      • Enforce Berlin Decree
  • 1808-1811  Britain impressed over 6,000 American sailors.
slide8

The Embargo Act (1807)The “OGRABME” Turtle

What impact did the Embargo Act have on American Trade?

slide11

4. The Non-Intercourse Act (1809)

  • Forbade trade with Britain/France, but could trade with other countries.
  • Replaced the Embargo Act.
  • Remained U. S. policy until 1812.
  • Unexpected Consequences:
    • N. Eng. was forced to become self-sufficient again [old factories reopened].
    • Laid the groundwork for US industrial power.
    • Jefferson, a critic of an industrial America, ironically contributed to Hamilton’s view of the US!!!
slide12

Territory

Louisiana Purchase

British General Brock Meets with Tecumseh

Br. Instigation of Indians

slide13

Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811

  • General William HenryHarrison  governor ofthe Indiana Territory.
  • Invited Native Indianchiefs to Ft. Wayne, INto sign away 3 mil. acres of land to the US government.
  • Tecumseh organized a confederacy of Indian tribes to fight for their homelands.
  • Tecumseh’s brother fought against Harrison and was defeated at Tippecanoe.
  • This made Harrison a national hero![1840 election  Tippecanoe & Tyler, too!]
slide14

“War Hawks”

John C. Calhoun [SC]

Henry Clay [KY]

slide16

“Mr. Madison’s War!”

If you were Madison, would you have gone to War?

slide17

American Problems

  • The US was unprepared militarily:
    • Had a 12-ship navy vs. Britain’s800 ships.
    • Americans disliked a draft  preferred to enlist in the disorganized state militias.
  • Financially unprepared:
    • Flood of paper $.
    • Revenue from import tariffs declined.
  • Regional disagreements.
slide21

Battle of Fort McHenry,1814

Oh Say Can You SeeBy the Dawn’s Early Light… -- Francis Scott Key

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