Spina Bifida. SHakeZ ’ Lynch. Spina Bifida.
Spina bifida manifesta includes two types of spina bifida:
Some of the effects of spina bifida include learning disabilities, hydrocephalus, and depression. There are many factors that determine the severity of these effects. Some of these factors include the size and location of the malformation, whether skin covers the malformation, and which spinal nerves are involved in the malformation. Children with spina bifida often have problems with bowel and bladder control, and some may have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or other learning difficulties, such as hand-eye coordination problems. The effects of spina bifida can range from minor physical problems to severe physical and mental disabilities. However, it is important to note that most people with spina bifida are of normal intelligence.