Spina Bifida . Definitions Causes Characteristics Difficulties Treatments Adaptations. Main Points . C left spine, which is an incomplete closure in the spinal column. Spina Bifida Occulta : (mild). Spina Bifida Meningocele : (moderate).
Doctors not sure of exact cause
Both genetic and environmental factors.
Folic acid deficiency.
medicines, that treat epilepsy
Excessive alcohol use
Exposure to certain chemicals.
Exposure to high temperatures.
No cure for spinabifada
Treatment includes surgery, medication, and physical therapy.
Spina Bifida Occulta- do not even know they have it.
Meningocele- physical therapy and medication.
Myelomeningocele- requires surgery
Assistive devices: braces, crutches, or wheelchairs.
Spina Bifida Occulta- can function regularly
Meningocele- wear protective braces but can participate in activities.
Myelomeningocele- will need: braces/ crutches/ wheelchairs to get around.
Mildest Form of SpinaBifida-
Moderate Form of SpinaBifida-
Server Form of Spina Bifida-
Spina Bifida Occulta
Spina Bifida Meningocele
Spina Bifida Myelomeningocele
Cox, Linda. (2001). Spina Bifida Facts Sheet. December 6, 1991. Spina Bifida National Research Agenda. http://www.pecentral.org/adapted/factsheets/spinabifida.htm.
Dunn, M. J., & Leitschum, A. C. (2006). Special Physical Education. (8th ed.). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/ Hunt Publishing.
Farrell, M. (2008). Educating special children An introduction to provision for pupils with disabilities and disorders. New York: Routledge.
Auxter, D., Pyfer, J., & Huettig, C. (2001). Principles and methods of adapted physical education and recreation. Boston: McGraw-Hill.