Spina bifida
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Spina Bifida . Definitions Causes Characteristics Difficulties Treatments Adaptations. Main Points . C left spine, which is an incomplete closure in the spinal column. Spina Bifida Occulta : (mild). Spina Bifida Meningocele : (moderate).

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Spina Bifida

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Spina bifida

Spina Bifida


Main points

Definitions

Causes

Characteristics

Difficulties

Treatments

Adaptations

Main Points


Definitions

  • Cleft spine, which is an incomplete closure in the spinal column.

  • Spina Bifida Occulta:(mild).

  • Spina Bifida Meningocele:(moderate).

  • Spina Bifida Myelomeningocele:(Server).

Definitions


Causes of spina bifida

Doctors not sure of exact cause

Both genetic and environmental factors.

Folic acid deficiency.

medicines, that treat epilepsy

Excessive alcohol use

Exposure to certain chemicals.

Exposure to high temperatures.

Having diabetes.

Obesesity.

Causes of Spina Bifida


Characteristics

  • Impairs the senses

  • Muscle weakness or paralysis below incomplete closure

  • affects nerves found in the muscles of the bladder, urethra, and the rectum.

  • Hydrocephalus

  • Abnormal development lower brain.

  • Clubfoot

Characteristics


Difficulty in school

  • Difficulty with paying attention.

  • Difficulty grasping reading writing and math.

  • Difficulty in locomotor and mobility movements.

Difficulty in School


Treatment

No cure for spinabifada

Treatment includes surgery, medication, and physical therapy.

Spina Bifida Occulta- do not even know they have it.

Meningocele- physical therapy and medication.

Myelomeningocele- requires surgery

Treatment


Adaptaions

Assistive devices: braces, crutches, or wheelchairs.

Spina Bifida Occulta- can function regularly

Meningocele- wear protective braces but can participate in activities.

Myelomeningocele- will need: braces/ crutches/ wheelchairs to get around.

Adaptaions


Summary

Definitions

Causes

Characteristics

Difficulties

Treatments

Adaptations

Summary


Who s been paying attention

Mildest Form of SpinaBifida-

Moderate Form of SpinaBifida-

Server Form of Spina Bifida-

Who’s Been Paying Attention

Spina Bifida Occulta

Spina Bifida Meningocele

Spina Bifida Myelomeningocele


Just like everyone else

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PqUDdxm-qSA&feature=PlayList&p=6127470F795BDB9A&playnext=1&playnext_from=PL&index=4

Just Like Everyone Else


References

Cox, Linda. (2001). Spina Bifida Facts Sheet. December 6, 1991. Spina Bifida National Research Agenda. http://www.pecentral.org/adapted/factsheets/spinabifida.htm.

Dunn, M. J., & Leitschum, A. C. (2006). Special Physical Education. (8th ed.). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/ Hunt Publishing.

Farrell, M. (2008). Educating special children An introduction to provision for pupils with disabilities and disorders. New York: Routledge.

Auxter, D., Pyfer, J., & Huettig, C. (2001). Principles and methods of adapted physical education and recreation. Boston: McGraw-Hill.

References


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