The beginnings of civilization in italy
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The Beginnings of Civilization in Italy. Beginnings of Civilization in Italy – Notes (page 1). The Aeneid. _________ (1) famous Roman _______ that connects the city of Rome to _________. The Aeneid (1) famous Roman _______ that connects the city of Rome to _________.

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The Beginnings of Civilization in Italy

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The Beginnings of Civilization in Italy


Beginnings of Civilization in Italy – Notes (page 1)


The Aeneid


  • _________

  • (1) famous Roman _______ that connects the city of Rome to _________


  • The Aeneid

  • (1) famous Roman _______ that connects the city of Rome to _________


  • The Aeneid

  • (1) famous Roman epic poem that connects the city of Rome to _________


  • The Aeneid

  • (1) famous Roman epic poem that connects the city of Rome to the Trojans


(2) tells the story of _____

(a) __________________

(b) one of ________________________________


(2) tells the story of Aeneas

(a) __________________

(b) one of ________________________________


(2) tells the story of Aeneas

(a) Trojan hero and prince

(b) one of ________________________________


(2) tells the story of Aeneas

(a) Trojan hero and prince

(b) one of the few to survive thedestruction of Troy


Aeneas flees burning Troy


(c) he meets _________ of _______ in __________


(c) he meets Queen Dido of _______ in __________


(c) he meets Queen Dido of Carthage in __________


(c) he meets Queen Dido of Carthage in North Africa


Aeneas Tells Dido About the Fall of Troy


* they fall in love, but ___________________________ – _____________________

* Dido is very ____– ____________

* she _____________________________ – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)


* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – _____________________

* Dido is very ____– ____________

* she _____________________________ – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)


* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very ____– ____________

* she _____________________________ – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)


* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very upset– ____________

* she _____________________________ – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)


* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very upset– she kills herself

* she _____________________________ – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)


* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very upset– she kills herself

* she curses Aeneas and all hisdescendents – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)


* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very upset– she kills herself

* she curses Aeneas and all hisdescendents – hatred always existsbetween Carthage and Rome (foreshadows ____________)


* they fall in love, but he is told bythe gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very upset– she kills herself

* she curses Aeneas and all hisdescendants – hatred always existsbetween Carthage and Rome (foreshadows the Punic Wars)


(d) he travels to _________________________ – he ______________________________


(d) he travels to Italy and marries a Latin princess – he ______________________________


(d) he travels to Italy and marries a Latin princess – he and his peoplemix with ____________


(d) he travels to Italy and marries aLatin princess – he and his peoplemix with Latin tribesmen


(3) _________ is very similar to ________

(a) written by ________________

(b) written in _____________


(3) The Aeneid is very similar to ________

(a) written by ________________

(b) written in _____________


(3) The Aeneid is very similar to the Odyssey

(a) written by ________________

(b) written in _____________


(3) The Aeneid is very similar to the Odyssey

(a) written by Virgil, a Roman poet

(b) written in _____________


(3) The Aeneid is very similar to theOdyssey

(a) written by Virgil, a Roman poet

(b) written in Latin, not Greek


  • ______ and _____ – myth of ______________________


  • Romulus and Remus – myth of ______________________


  • Romulus and Remus – myth of how thecity of Rome is built


(1) ______ and _____ are __________ – sons of Mars (___) and a __________, who is _________________


(1) Romulus and Remus are __________ – sons of Mars (___) and a __________, who is _________________


(1) Romulus and Remus are twin brothers – sons of Mars (___) and a __________, who is _________________


(1) Romulus and Remus are twin brothers – sons of Mars (Ares) and a __________, who is _________________


(1) Romulus and Remus are twin brothers – sons of Mars (Ares) and a Latinprincess, who is _________________


(1) Romulus and Remus are twin brothers – sons of Mars (Ares) and a Latinprincess, who is a descendant of_____


(1) Romulus and Remus are twin brothers – sons of Mars (Ares) and a Latinprincess, who is a descendant ofAeneas


(2) twins are ___________________ – punishment to princess _________ ______________________


(2) twins are set adrift on – punishment to princess _________ ______________________


(2) twins are set adrift on Tiber River – punishment to princess _________ ______________________


(2) twins are set adrift on Tiber River – punishment to princess because she is not supposed to have kids


(3) saved by _____________________


(3) saved by a she-wolf____________


(3) saved by a she-wolf (a female wolf)


(4) rescued by ________ (who does this sound like?)


(4) rescued by a shepherd (who does this sound like?)


(4) rescued by a shepherd (who does this sound like?)


(5) ______ and _____ argue over ___________________________


(5) Romulus and Remus argue over ___________________________


(5) Romulus and Remus argue over founding a city on the Tiber River


(6) each _________

(a) ______ climbs ______________–

sees _________ - claims _____________________________


(6) each climbs a hill

(a) ______ climbs ______________–

sees _________ - claims _____________________________


(6) each climbs a hill

(a) Romulus climbs ______________–

sees _________ - claims _____________________________


(6) each climbs a hill

(a) Romulus climbs to top of Palatine–

sees _________ - claims _____________________________


(6) each climbs a hill

(a) Romulus climbs to top of Palatine–

sees 12 vultures - claims _____________________________


(6) each climbs a hill

(a) Romulus climbs to top of Palatine–

sees 12 vultures - claims it’s a sign_____________________


(6) each climbs a hill

(a) Romulus climbs to top of Palatine–

sees 12 vultures - claims it’s asign his city will last 1200 years


(b) ______ and _____ fight – __________


(b) Romulus and Remus fight – __________


(b) Romulus and Remus fight – _____ iskilled


(b) Romulus and Remus fight – Remus iskilled


(7) ______ becomes king _____________________


(7) Romulus becomes king _____________________


(7) Romulus becomes king of the newcity called ____


(7) Romulus becomes king of the newcity called Rome


  • The true story

  • (1) _____ first settled ____________________________

  • (2) ______ – village ____________


  • The true story

  • (1) Latins first settled ____________________________

  • (2) ______ – village ____________


  • The true story

  • (1) Latins first settled on the TiberRiver around _________

  • (2) ______ – village ____________


  • The true story

  • (1) Latins first settled on the TiberRiver around the Palatine

  • (2) ______ – village ____________


  • The true story

  • (1) Latins first settled on the TiberRiver around the Palatine

  • (2) ______ – village of 1000 people


  • The true story

  • (1) Latins first settled on the Tiber River around the Palatine

  • (2) 776 BCE – village of 1000 people


Side Note

* __________ – ______

* _________________________???


Side Note

* Fall of Rome – ______

* _________________________???


Side Note

* Fall of Rome – 476 CE

* _________________________???


Side Note

* Fall of Rome – 476 CE

* Was the mythical predictiontrue???


Side Note

* Fall of Rome – 476 CE

* Was the mythical predictiontrue???


Beginnings of Civilization in Italy – Notes (page 2)


  • The Pre-Romans

  • Historical Founding of Rome (1) _______________ (a) settled in ____________________________________


  • The Pre-Romans

  • Historical Founding of Rome (1) Latins (pre-Romans) (a) settled in ____________________________________


  • The Pre-Romans

  • Historical Founding of Rome (1) Latins (pre-Romans) (a) settled in Latium, south of_______________________


  • The Pre-Romans

  • Historical Founding of Rome (1) Latins (pre-Romans) (a) settled in Latium, south ofTiber River,_____________


  • The Pre-Romans

  • Historical Founding of Rome (1) Latins (pre-Romans) (a) settled in Latium, south ofTiber River, about 1000 BCE


(b) ______tribe –_____________ _____


(b) barbarictribe –_____________ _____


(b) barbarictribe –not an advanced culture


(c) settled along ____________* used it for ________________ _______________


(c) settled along the Tiber River* used it for ________________ _______________


(c) settled along the Tiber River* used it for defense, highway for trade, fishing, etc.


(d) were _________________* grew _________________________


(d) were shepherds and farmers* grew _________________________


(d) were shepherds and farmers* grew wheat, barley, grapes, andolives


(2) __________________(a) Italy’s 1st________________


(2) Etruscans (pre-Romans)(a) Italy’s 1st________________


(2) Etruscans (pre-Romans)(a) Italy’s 1sthighly civilizedpeople


(2) Etruscans (pre-Romans)(a) Italy’s 1sthighly civilizedpeople

What does “civilized” mean?


(b) settled land ______________ ___________________________


(b) settled land north of the ____ ___________________________


(b) settled land north of the Tiber River_______________________


(b) settled land north of the Tiber River called__________________


(b) settled land north of the Tiber River called Etruria ___________


(b) settled land north of the Tiber River called Etruria about 900 BCE


(c) called ____________________________


(c) called “People of the Sea” -___________


(c) called “People of the Sea” – good atsailing


(c) called “People of the Sea” – good atsailing


(d) __________________________ ______


(d) pirates first, then _________________


(d) pirates first, then traders - very______


(d) pirates first, then traders – very wealthy


(e) ______* used ___________* used _____________________________


(e) farmers* used ___________* used _____________________________


(e) farmers* used _____ to plow* used _____________________________


(e) farmers* used cattle to plow* used _____________________________


(e) farmers* used cattle to plow* used ___ tools to grow_______________


(e) farmers* used cattle to plow* used iron tools to grow_______________


(e) farmers* used cattle to plow* used iron tools to grow barley,wheat, etc.


(f) _____* ________________________________________________________


(f) miners* ________________________________________________________


(f) miners* mined ___________________________________________________


(f) miners* mined copper, lead, iron,and tin to make________________________


(f) miners* mined copper, lead, iron,and tin to make weapons,jewelry, and utensils


(g) had a _________ * used ________________________* had _______________________


(g) had a strong army * used ________________________* had _______________________


(g) had a strong army * used phalanx (borrowed from______* had _______________________


(g) had a strong army * used phalanx (borrowed fromGreeks)* had _______________________


(g) had a strong army * used phalanx (borrowed fromGreeks)* had good leather shoes -_______


(g) had a strong army * used phalanx (borrowed fromGreeks)* had good leather shoes - traction


(h) by _______________________________* took over _______________* ____________________________________________


(h) by 616 BCE, they controlled ___________* took over _______________* ____________________________________________


(h) by 616 BCE, they controlled northernItaly* took over _______________* ____________________________________________


(h) by 616 BCE, they controlled northernItaly* took over the Romans / Latins* ____________________________________________


(h) by 616 BCE, they controlled northernItaly* took over the Romans / Latins* Lucius Tarquinius – 1st Etruscanking over Romans / Latins


Beginnings of Civilization in Italy – Notes (page 3)


  • The Pre-Romans (cont.)

  • Historical Founding of Rome (cont.)(2) More about ___________(i) loved _________* __________________ _________________


  • The Pre-Romans (cont.)

  • Historical Founding of Rome (cont.)(2) More about the Etruscans(i) loved _________* __________________ _________________


  • The Pre-Romans (cont.)

  • Historical Founding of Rome (cont.)(2) More about the Etruscans(i) loved a good time* __________________ _________________


  • The Pre-Romans (cont.)

  • Historical Founding of Rome (cont.)(2) More about the Etruscans(i) loved a good time* sports, music, dancing, games, feasting, etc.


(j) women _______________________


(j) women were considered to men


(j) women were considered equal to men


(k) had ____________________________* _________, __________, ________


(k) had a class structure within theirsociety* _________, __________, ________


(k) had a class structure within theirsociety* upper class, working class, slave class


(l) _________ (similar to _________)* _________ – _____________* _____ – _____________________________


(l) _________ (similar to the Greeks)* _________ – _____________* _____ – _____________________________


(l) polytheistic (similar to the Greeks)* _________ – _____________* _____ – _____________________________


(l) polytheistic (similar to the Greeks)* _________ – predicted events* _____ – _____________________________


(l) polytheistic (similar to the Greeks)* soothsayers – predicted events* _____ – _____________________________


(l) polytheistic (similar to the Greeks)* soothsayers – predicted events* _____ – signs of what will happenin the future


(l) polytheistic (similar to the Greeks)* soothsayers – predicted events* omens – signs of what will happenin the future


  • Bonus Information!!!

  • Etruscans built the first temple in Rome on the _________ (1 of the 7 hills of Rome)


  • Bonus Information!!!

  • Etruscans built the first temple in Rome on the Capitoline (1 of the 7 hills of Rome)


(m) dead _____________________________________* covered __________________* _________________________________________


(m) dead were buried in __________underground tombs* covered __________________* _________________________________________


(m) dead were buried in catacombs -underground tombs* covered __________________* _________________________________________


(m) dead were buried in catacombs -underground tombs* covered the walls with ______* _________________________________________


(m) dead were buried in catacombs -underground tombs* covered the walls with frescoes* _________________________________________


(m) dead were buried in catacombs -underground tombs* covered the walls with frescoes* many cities had a cemeteryoutside called a _______


(m) dead were buried in catacombs –underground tombs* covered the walls with frescoes* many cities had a cemeteryoutside called a necropolis


(n) King Tarquinius – last Etruscan kingof Rome* kicked out in 509 BCE by the Latins


  • Etruscan Contributions to the Latins/Romans

  • __________ and _________ skills(1) ___, __________, _____________


  • Etruscan Contributions to the Latins/Romans

  • Architecture and _________ skills(1) ___, __________, _____________


  • Etruscan Contributions to the Latins/Romans

  • Architecture and engineering skills(1) ___, __________, _____________


  • Etruscan Contributions to the Latins/Romans

  • Architecture and engineering skills(1) ___, __________, _____________


  • Etruscan Contributions to the Latins/Romans

  • Architecture and engineering skills(1) arch, sewer system, drainage system


  • Funeral ________________(1) became ____________


  • Funeral slave fights to death(1) became ____________


  • Funeral slave fights to death(1) became gladiator fights


  • _____ – ___________________(1) symbol of ________________


  • _____ – rods tied around an axe(1) symbol of ________________


  • Fasces – rods tied around an axe(1) symbol of ________________


  • Fasces – rods tied around an axe(1) symbol of power and authority


  • Written language - ____


  • Written language - Latin


  • _____ – _______________


  • _____ – Rome’s public square


  • Forum – Rome’s public square


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