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The Beginnings of Civilization in Italy. Beginnings of Civilization in Italy – Notes (page 1). The Aeneid. _________ (1) famous Roman _______ that connects the city of Rome to _________. The Aeneid (1) famous Roman _______ that connects the city of Rome to _________.

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The Aeneid


  • _________

  • (1) famous Roman _______ that connects the city of Rome to _________


  • The Aeneid

  • (1) famous Roman _______ that connects the city of Rome to _________


  • The Aeneid

  • (1) famous Roman epic poem that connects the city of Rome to _________


  • The Aeneid

  • (1) famous Roman epic poem that connects the city of Rome to the Trojans


(2) tells the story of _____

(a) __________________

(b) one of ________________________________


(2) tells the story of Aeneas

(a) __________________

(b) one of ________________________________


(2) tells the story of Aeneas

(a) Trojan hero and prince

(b) one of ________________________________


(2) tells the story of Aeneas

(a) Trojan hero and prince

(b) one of the few to survive thedestruction of Troy



(c) he meets _________ of _______ in __________


(c) he meets Queen Dido of _______ in __________


(c) he meets Queen Dido of Carthage in __________


(c) he meets Queen Dido of Carthage in North Africa



* they fall in love, but ___________________________ – _____________________

* Dido is very ____– ____________

* she _____________________________ – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)


* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – _____________________

* Dido is very ____– ____________

* she _____________________________ – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)


* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very ____– ____________

* she _____________________________ – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)


* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very upset– ____________

* she _____________________________ – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)


* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very upset– she kills herself

* she _____________________________ – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)


* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very upset– she kills herself

* she curses Aeneas and all hisdescendents – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)


* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very upset– she kills herself

* she curses Aeneas and all hisdescendents – hatred always existsbetween Carthage and Rome (foreshadows ____________)


* they fall in love, but he is told bythe gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very upset– she kills herself

* she curses Aeneas and all hisdescendants – hatred always existsbetween Carthage and Rome (foreshadows the Punic Wars)


(d) he travels to _________________________ – he ______________________________


(d) he travels to Italy and marries a Latin princess – he ______________________________


(d) he travels to Italy and marries a Latin princess – he and his peoplemix with ____________


(d) he travels to Italy and marries aLatin princess – he and his peoplemix with Latin tribesmen


(3) _________ is very similar to ________

(a) written by ________________

(b) written in _____________


(3) The Aeneid is very similar to ________

(a) written by ________________

(b) written in _____________


(3) The Aeneid is very similar to the Odyssey

(a) written by ________________

(b) written in _____________


(3) The Aeneid is very similar to the Odyssey

(a) written by Virgil, a Roman poet

(b) written in _____________


(3) The Aeneid is very similar to theOdyssey

(a) written by Virgil, a Roman poet

(b) written in Latin, not Greek


  • ______ and _____ – myth of ______________________


  • Romulus and Remus – myth of ______________________


  • Romulus and Remus – myth of how thecity of Rome is built


(1) ______ and _____ are __________ – sons of Mars (___) and a __________, who is _________________


(1) Romulus and Remus are __________ – sons of Mars (___) and a __________, who is _________________


(1) Romulus and Remus are twin brothers – sons of Mars (___) and a __________, who is _________________


(1) Romulus and Remus are twin brothers – sons of Mars (Ares) and a __________, who is _________________


(1) Romulus and Remus are twin brothers – sons of Mars (Ares) and a Latinprincess, who is _________________


(1) Romulus and Remus are twin brothers – sons of Mars (Ares) and a Latinprincess, who is a descendant of_____


(1) Romulus and Remus are twin brothers – sons of Mars (Ares) and a Latinprincess, who is a descendant ofAeneas


(2) twins are ___________________ – punishment to princess _________ ______________________


(2) twins are set adrift on – punishment to princess _________ ______________________


(2) twins are set adrift on Tiber River – punishment to princess _________ ______________________


(2) twins are set adrift on Tiber River – punishment to princess because she is not supposed to have kids


(3) saved by _____________________


(3) saved by a she-wolf____________


(3) saved by a she-wolf (a female wolf)


(4) rescued by ________ (who does this sound like?)


(4) rescued by a shepherd (who does this sound like?)


(4) rescued by a shepherd (who does this sound like?)


(5) ______ and _____ argue over ___________________________


(5) Romulus and Remus argue over ___________________________


(5) Romulus and Remus argue over founding a city on the Tiber River


(6) each _________

(a) ______ climbs ______________–

sees _________ - claims _____________________________


(6) each climbs a hill

(a) ______ climbs ______________–

sees _________ - claims _____________________________


(6) each climbs a hill

(a) Romulus climbs ______________–

sees _________ - claims _____________________________


(6) each climbs a hill

(a) Romulus climbs to top of Palatine–

sees _________ - claims _____________________________


(6) each climbs a hill

(a) Romulus climbs to top of Palatine–

sees 12 vultures - claims _____________________________


(6) each climbs a hill

(a) Romulus climbs to top of Palatine–

sees 12 vultures - claims it’s a sign_____________________


(6) each climbs a hill

(a) Romulus climbs to top of Palatine–

sees 12 vultures - claims it’s asign his city will last 1200 years


(b) ______ and _____ fight – __________


(b) Romulus and Remus fight – __________


(b) Romulus and Remus fight – _____ iskilled


(b) Romulus and Remus fight – Remus iskilled


(7) ______ becomes king _____________________


(7) Romulus becomes king _____________________


(7) Romulus becomes king of the newcity called ____


(7) Romulus becomes king of the newcity called Rome


  • The true story

  • (1) _____ first settled ____________________________

  • (2) ______ – village ____________


  • The true story

  • (1) Latins first settled ____________________________

  • (2) ______ – village ____________


  • The true story

  • (1) Latins first settled on the TiberRiver around _________

  • (2) ______ – village ____________


  • The true story

  • (1) Latins first settled on the TiberRiver around the Palatine

  • (2) ______ – village ____________


  • The true story

  • (1) Latins first settled on the TiberRiver around the Palatine

  • (2) ______ – village of 1000 people


  • The true story

  • (1) Latins first settled on the Tiber River around the Palatine

  • (2) 776 BCE – village of 1000 people


Side Note

* __________ – ______

* _________________________???


Side Note

* Fall of Rome – ______

* _________________________???


Side Note

* Fall of Rome – 476 CE

* _________________________???


Side Note

* Fall of Rome – 476 CE

* Was the mythical predictiontrue???


Side Note

* Fall of Rome – 476 CE

* Was the mythical predictiontrue???



  • The Pre-Romans

  • Historical Founding of Rome (1) _______________ (a) settled in ____________________________________


  • The Pre-Romans

  • Historical Founding of Rome (1) Latins (pre-Romans) (a) settled in ____________________________________


  • The Pre-Romans

  • Historical Founding of Rome (1) Latins (pre-Romans) (a) settled in Latium, south of_______________________


  • The Pre-Romans

  • Historical Founding of Rome (1) Latins (pre-Romans) (a) settled in Latium, south ofTiber River,_____________


  • The Pre-Romans

  • Historical Founding of Rome (1) Latins (pre-Romans) (a) settled in Latium, south ofTiber River, about 1000 BCE


(b) ______tribe –_____________ _____


(b) barbarictribe –_____________ _____


(b) barbarictribe –not an advanced culture


(c) settled along ____________ * used it for ________________ _______________


(c) settled along the Tiber River * used it for ________________ _______________


(c) settled along the Tiber River * used it for defense, highway for trade, fishing, etc.


(d) were _________________ * grew _________________________


(d) were shepherds and farmers * grew _________________________


(d) were shepherds and farmers * grew wheat, barley, grapes, andolives


(2) __________________ (a) Italy’s 1st________________


(2) Etruscans (pre-Romans) (a) Italy’s 1st________________


(2) Etruscans (pre-Romans) (a) Italy’s 1sthighly civilizedpeople


(2) Etruscans (pre-Romans) (a) Italy’s 1sthighly civilizedpeople

What does “civilized” mean?


(b) settled land ______________ ___________________________


(b) settled land north of the ____ ___________________________


(b) settled land north of the Tiber River_______________________


(b) settled land north of the Tiber River called__________________


(b) settled land north of the Tiber River called Etruria ___________


(b) settled land north of the Tiber River called Etruria about 900 BCE


(c) called ____________________________


(c) called “People of the Sea” -___________


(c) called “People of the Sea” – good atsailing


(c) called “People of the Sea” – good atsailing


(d) __________________________ ______


(d) pirates first, then _________________


(d) pirates first, then traders - very______


(d) pirates first, then traders – very wealthy


(e) ______ * used ___________ * used _____________________________


(e) farmers * used ___________ * used _____________________________


(e) farmers * used _____ to plow * used _____________________________


(e) farmers * used cattle to plow * used _____________________________


(e) farmers * used cattle to plow * used ___ tools to grow_______________


(e) farmers * used cattle to plow * used iron tools to grow_______________


(e) farmers * used cattle to plow * used iron tools to grow barley,wheat, etc.


(f) _____ * ________________________________________________________


(f) miners * ________________________________________________________


(f) miners * mined ___________________________________________________


(f) miners * mined copper, lead, iron,and tin to make________________________


(f) miners * mined copper, lead, iron,and tin to make weapons,jewelry, and utensils


(g) had a _________ * used ________________________ * had _______________________


(g) had a strong army * used ________________________ * had _______________________


(g) had a strong army * used phalanx (borrowed from______ * had _______________________


(g) had a strong army * used phalanx (borrowed fromGreeks) * had _______________________


(g) had a strong army * used phalanx (borrowed fromGreeks) * had good leather shoes -_______


(g) had a strong army * used phalanx (borrowed fromGreeks) * had good leather shoes - traction


(h) by _______________________________ * took over _______________ * ____________________________________________


(h) by 616 BCE, they controlled ___________ * took over _______________ * ____________________________________________


(h) by 616 BCE, they controlled northernItaly * took over _______________ * ____________________________________________


(h) by 616 BCE, they controlled northernItaly * took over the Romans / Latins * ____________________________________________


(h) by 616 BCE, they controlled northernItaly * took over the Romans / Latins * Lucius Tarquinius – 1st Etruscanking over Romans / Latins



  • The Pre-Romans (cont.)

  • Historical Founding of Rome (cont.) (2) More about ___________ (i) loved _________ * __________________ _________________


  • The Pre-Romans (cont.)

  • Historical Founding of Rome (cont.) (2) More about the Etruscans (i) loved _________ * __________________ _________________


  • The Pre-Romans (cont.)

  • Historical Founding of Rome (cont.) (2) More about the Etruscans (i) loved a good time * __________________ _________________


  • The Pre-Romans (cont.)

  • Historical Founding of Rome (cont.) (2) More about the Etruscans (i) loved a good time * sports, music, dancing, games, feasting, etc.


(j) women _______________________


(j) women were considered to men


(j) women were considered equal to men


(k) had ____________________________ * _________, __________, ________


(k) had a class structure within theirsociety * _________, __________, ________


(k) had a class structure within theirsociety * upper class, working class, slave class


(l) _________ (similar to _________) * _________ – _____________ * _____ – _____________________________


(l) _________ (similar to the Greeks) * _________ – _____________ * _____ – _____________________________


(l) polytheistic (similar to the Greeks) * _________ – _____________ * _____ – _____________________________


(l) polytheistic (similar to the Greeks) * _________ – predicted events * _____ – _____________________________


(l) polytheistic (similar to the Greeks) * soothsayers – predicted events * _____ – _____________________________


(l) polytheistic (similar to the Greeks) * soothsayers – predicted events * _____ – signs of what will happenin the future


(l) polytheistic (similar to the Greeks) * soothsayers – predicted events * omens – signs of what will happenin the future


  • Bonus Information!!!

  • Etruscans built the first temple in Rome on the _________ (1 of the 7 hills of Rome)


  • Bonus Information!!!

  • Etruscans built the first temple in Rome on the Capitoline (1 of the 7 hills of Rome)


(m) dead _____________________________________ * covered __________________ * _________________________________________


(m) dead were buried in __________underground tombs * covered __________________ * _________________________________________


(m) dead were buried in catacombs -underground tombs * covered __________________ * _________________________________________


(m) dead were buried in catacombs -underground tombs * covered the walls with ______ * _________________________________________


(m) dead were buried in catacombs -underground tombs * covered the walls with frescoes * _________________________________________


(m) dead were buried in catacombs -underground tombs * covered the walls with frescoes * many cities had a cemeteryoutside called a _______


(m) dead were buried in catacombs –underground tombs * covered the walls with frescoes * many cities had a cemeteryoutside called a necropolis


(n) King Tarquinius – last Etruscan kingof Rome * kicked out in 509 BCE by the Latins







  • Funeral ________________ (1) became ____________


  • Funeral slave fights to death (1) became ____________


  • Funeral slave fights to death (1) became gladiator fights


  • _____ – ___________________ (1) symbol of ________________


  • _____ – rods tied around an axe (1) symbol of ________________


  • Fasces – rods tied around an axe (1) symbol of ________________


  • Fasces – rods tied around an axe (1) symbol of power and authority




  • _____ – _______________


  • _____ – Rome’s public square


  • Forum – Rome’s public square


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