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The Beginnings of Civilization in Italy

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The Beginnings of Civilization in Italy. Beginnings of Civilization in Italy – Notes (page 1). The Aeneid. _________ (1) famous Roman _______ that connects the city of Rome to _________. The Aeneid (1) famous Roman _______ that connects the city of Rome to _________.

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slide6

_________

  • (1) famous Roman _______ that connects the city of Rome to _________
slide7

The Aeneid

  • (1) famous Roman _______ that connects the city of Rome to _________
slide8

The Aeneid

  • (1) famous Roman epic poem that connects the city of Rome to _________
slide9

The Aeneid

  • (1) famous Roman epic poem that connects the city of Rome to the Trojans
slide10

(2) tells the story of _____

(a) __________________

(b) one of ________________________________

slide11

(2) tells the story of Aeneas

(a) __________________

(b) one of ________________________________

slide12

(2) tells the story of Aeneas

(a) Trojan hero and prince

(b) one of ________________________________

slide13

(2) tells the story of Aeneas

(a) Trojan hero and prince

(b) one of the few to survive thedestruction of Troy

slide20

* they fall in love, but ___________________________ – _____________________

* Dido is very ____– ____________

* she _____________________________ – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)

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* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – _____________________

* Dido is very ____– ____________

* she _____________________________ – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)

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* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very ____– ____________

* she _____________________________ – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)

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* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very upset– ____________

* she _____________________________ – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)

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* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very upset– she kills herself

* she _____________________________ – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)

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* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very upset– she kills herself

* she curses Aeneas and all hisdescendents – ______________________________________ (foreshadows ____________)

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* they fall in love, but he is told by the gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very upset– she kills herself

* she curses Aeneas and all hisdescendents – hatred always existsbetween Carthage and Rome (foreshadows ____________)

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* they fall in love, but he is told bythe gods to leave her – his destiny isto found Italy

* Dido is very upset– she kills herself

* she curses Aeneas and all hisdescendants – hatred always existsbetween Carthage and Rome (foreshadows the Punic Wars)

slide31

(d) he travels to Italy and marries aLatin princess – he and his peoplemix with Latin tribesmen

slide32

(3) _________ is very similar to ________

(a) written by ________________

(b) written in _____________

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(3) The Aeneid is very similar to ________

(a) written by ________________

(b) written in _____________

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(3) The Aeneid is very similar to the Odyssey

(a) written by ________________

(b) written in _____________

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(3) The Aeneid is very similar to the Odyssey

(a) written by Virgil, a Roman poet

(b) written in _____________

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(3) The Aeneid is very similar to theOdyssey

(a) written by Virgil, a Roman poet

(b) written in Latin, not Greek

slide41

(1) ______ and _____ are __________ – sons of Mars (___) and a __________, who is _________________

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(1) Romulus and Remus are __________ – sons of Mars (___) and a __________, who is _________________

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(1) Romulus and Remus are twin brothers – sons of Mars (___) and a __________, who is _________________

slide44

(1) Romulus and Remus are twin brothers – sons of Mars (Ares) and a __________, who is _________________

slide45

(1) Romulus and Remus are twin brothers – sons of Mars (Ares) and a Latinprincess, who is _________________

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(1) Romulus and Remus are twin brothers – sons of Mars (Ares) and a Latinprincess, who is a descendant of_____

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(1) Romulus and Remus are twin brothers – sons of Mars (Ares) and a Latinprincess, who is a descendant ofAeneas

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(2) twins are ___________________ – punishment to princess _________ ______________________

slide49

(2) twins are set adrift on – punishment to princess _________ ______________________

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(2) twins are set adrift on Tiber River – punishment to princess _________ ______________________

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(2) twins are set adrift on Tiber River – punishment to princess because she is not supposed to have kids

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(5) Romulus and Remus argue over ___________________________

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(6) each _________

(a) ______ climbs ______________–

sees _________ - claims _____________________________

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(6) each climbs a hill

(a) ______ climbs ______________–

sees _________ - claims _____________________________

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(6) each climbs a hill

(a) Romulus climbs ______________–

sees _________ - claims _____________________________

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(6) each climbs a hill

(a) Romulus climbs to top of Palatine–

sees _________ - claims _____________________________

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(6) each climbs a hill

(a) Romulus climbs to top of Palatine–

sees 12 vultures - claims _____________________________

slide66

(6) each climbs a hill

(a) Romulus climbs to top of Palatine–

sees 12 vultures - claims it’s a sign_____________________

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(6) each climbs a hill

(a) Romulus climbs to top of Palatine–

sees 12 vultures - claims it’s asign his city will last 1200 years

slide76

The true story

  • (1) _____ first settled ____________________________
  • (2) ______ – village ____________
slide77

The true story

  • (1) Latins first settled ____________________________
  • (2) ______ – village ____________
slide78

The true story

  • (1) Latins first settled on the TiberRiver around _________
  • (2) ______ – village ____________
slide79

The true story

  • (1) Latins first settled on the TiberRiver around the Palatine
  • (2) ______ – village ____________
slide80

The true story

  • (1) Latins first settled on the TiberRiver around the Palatine
  • (2) ______ – village of 1000 people
slide81

The true story

  • (1) Latins first settled on the Tiber River around the Palatine
  • (2) 776 BCE – village of 1000 people
slide83

Side Note

* __________ – ______

* _________________________???

slide84

Side Note

* Fall of Rome – ______

* _________________________???

slide85

Side Note

* Fall of Rome – 476 CE

* _________________________???

slide86

Side Note

* Fall of Rome – 476 CE

* Was the mythical predictiontrue???

slide87

Side Note

* Fall of Rome – 476 CE

* Was the mythical predictiontrue???

slide89

The Pre-Romans

  • Historical Founding of Rome (1) _______________ (a) settled in ____________________________________
slide90

The Pre-Romans

  • Historical Founding of Rome (1) Latins (pre-Romans) (a) settled in ____________________________________
slide91

The Pre-Romans

  • Historical Founding of Rome (1) Latins (pre-Romans) (a) settled in Latium, south of_______________________
slide92

The Pre-Romans

  • Historical Founding of Rome (1) Latins (pre-Romans) (a) settled in Latium, south ofTiber River,_____________
slide93

The Pre-Romans

  • Historical Founding of Rome (1) Latins (pre-Romans) (a) settled in Latium, south ofTiber River, about 1000 BCE
slide97

(c) settled along ____________ * used it for ________________ _______________

slide98

(c) settled along the Tiber River * used it for ________________ _______________

slide100

(d) were _________________ * grew _________________________

slide101

(d) were shepherds and farmers * grew _________________________

slide106

(2) Etruscans (pre-Romans) (a) Italy’s 1sthighly civilizedpeople

What does “civilized” mean?

slide110

(b) settled land north of the ____ ___________________________

slide111

(b) settled land north of the Tiber River_______________________

slide124

(e) ______ * used ___________ * used _____________________________

slide125

(e) farmers * used ___________ * used _____________________________

slide126

(e) farmers * used _____ to plow * used _____________________________

slide127

(e) farmers * used cattle to plow * used _____________________________

slide130

(e) farmers * used cattle to plow * used iron tools to grow barley,wheat, etc.

slide131

(f) _____ * ________________________________________________________

slide132

(f) miners * ________________________________________________________

slide133

(f) miners * mined ___________________________________________________

slide136

(g) had a _________ * used ________________________ * had _______________________

slide137

(g) had a strong army * used ________________________ * had _______________________

slide138

(g) had a strong army * used phalanx (borrowed from______ * had _______________________

slide139

(g) had a strong army * used phalanx (borrowed fromGreeks) * had _______________________

slide140

(g) had a strong army * used phalanx (borrowed fromGreeks) * had good leather shoes -_______

slide141

(g) had a strong army * used phalanx (borrowed fromGreeks) * had good leather shoes - traction

slide143

(h) by _______________________________ * took over _______________ * ____________________________________________

slide144

(h) by 616 BCE, they controlled ___________ * took over _______________ * ____________________________________________

slide145

(h) by 616 BCE, they controlled northernItaly * took over _______________ * ____________________________________________

slide146

(h) by 616 BCE, they controlled northernItaly * took over the Romans / Latins * ____________________________________________

slide147

(h) by 616 BCE, they controlled northernItaly * took over the Romans / Latins * Lucius Tarquinius – 1st Etruscanking over Romans / Latins

slide151

The Pre-Romans (cont.)

  • Historical Founding of Rome (cont.) (2) More about ___________ (i) loved _________ * __________________ _________________
slide152

The Pre-Romans (cont.)

  • Historical Founding of Rome (cont.) (2) More about the Etruscans (i) loved _________ * __________________ _________________
slide153

The Pre-Romans (cont.)

  • Historical Founding of Rome (cont.) (2) More about the Etruscans (i) loved a good time * __________________ _________________
slide154

The Pre-Romans (cont.)

  • Historical Founding of Rome (cont.) (2) More about the Etruscans (i) loved a good time * sports, music, dancing, games, feasting, etc.
slide162

(k) had a class structure within theirsociety * _________, __________, ________

slide164

(l) _________ (similar to _________) * _________ – _____________ * _____ – _____________________________

slide165

(l) _________ (similar to the Greeks) * _________ – _____________ * _____ – _____________________________

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(l) polytheistic (similar to the Greeks) * _________ – _____________ * _____ – _____________________________

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(l) polytheistic (similar to the Greeks) * _________ – predicted events * _____ – _____________________________

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(l) polytheistic (similar to the Greeks) * soothsayers – predicted events * _____ – _____________________________

slide169

(l) polytheistic (similar to the Greeks) * soothsayers – predicted events * _____ – signs of what will happenin the future

slide170

(l) polytheistic (similar to the Greeks) * soothsayers – predicted events * omens – signs of what will happenin the future

slide171

Bonus Information!!!

  • Etruscans built the first temple in Rome on the _________ (1 of the 7 hills of Rome)
slide172

Bonus Information!!!

  • Etruscans built the first temple in Rome on the Capitoline (1 of the 7 hills of Rome)
slide173

(m) dead _____________________________________ * covered __________________ * _________________________________________

slide174

(m) dead were buried in __________underground tombs * covered __________________ * _________________________________________

slide175

(m) dead were buried in catacombs -underground tombs * covered __________________ * _________________________________________

slide176

(m) dead were buried in catacombs -underground tombs * covered the walls with ______ * _________________________________________

slide177

(m) dead were buried in catacombs -underground tombs * covered the walls with frescoes * _________________________________________

slide178

(m) dead were buried in catacombs -underground tombs * covered the walls with frescoes * many cities had a cemeteryoutside called a _______

slide179

(m) dead were buried in catacombs –underground tombs * covered the walls with frescoes * many cities had a cemeteryoutside called a necropolis

slide181

(n) King Tarquinius – last Etruscan kingof Rome * kicked out in 509 BCE by the Latins

slide182

Etruscan Contributions to the Latins/Romans

  • __________ and _________ skills (1) ___, __________, _____________
slide183

Etruscan Contributions to the Latins/Romans

  • Architecture and _________ skills (1) ___, __________, _____________
slide184

Etruscan Contributions to the Latins/Romans

  • Architecture and engineering skills (1) ___, __________, _____________
slide185

Etruscan Contributions to the Latins/Romans

  • Architecture and engineering skills (1) ___, __________, _____________
slide186

Etruscan Contributions to the Latins/Romans

  • Architecture and engineering skills (1) arch, sewer system, drainage system
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