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Beginnings of Civilization: Mesopotamia. Civilization. What makes up a civilization? Do we have a civilization? . Mesopotamia. “The Land between Two Rivers” Irrigation began around 6000 BCE First cities emerged by 4000 BCE. Sumerians First political units in Mesopotamia Semitic People

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Presentation Transcript
civilization
Civilization
  • What makes up a civilization?
  • Do we have a civilization?
mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
  • “The Land between Two Rivers”
  • Irrigation began around 6000 BCE
  • First cities emerged by 4000 BCE
mesopotamia1
Sumerians

First political units in Mesopotamia

Semitic People

Built first cities in Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia
mesopotamia2
Mesopotamia
  • Beginnings of Empires
    • Interaction among Mesopotamian city-states
    • Sargon of Akkad (2370-2315 BCE)
mesopotamia3
Mesopotamia
  • Babylonian Empire
    • Founded by Hammurabi (1792-1750 BCE)
    • Code of Hammurabi
mesopotamia4
Mesopotamia
  • Assyrian Empire (1300-612 BCE)
mesopotamia5
Mesopotamia
  • New Babylonian or “Chaldean Empire”
mesopotamia7
Mesopotamia
  • Accomplishments
mesopotamia9
Mesopotamia
  • Writing
    • Earliest writing 3100 BCE
    • Purposes
    • Epic of Gilgamesh
mesopotamia10
Mesopotamia
  • Culture
    • Patriarchal society
    • Stratified
mesopotamia11
Mesopotamia
  • Hebrews
    • Moses
    • Kingdom of Israel
    • Judaism
mesopotamia12
Mesopotamia
  • Phoenicians
    • Semitic People
    • Trade
    • Alphabet
mesopotamia14
Mesopotamia
  • Arrival of the Indo-Europeans
    • Origins
    • Migrations
    • Impact on language
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