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Beginnings of Civilization: Mesopotamia. Civilization. What makes up a civilization? Do we have a civilization? . Mesopotamia. “The Land between Two Rivers” Irrigation began around 6000 BCE First cities emerged by 4000 BCE. Sumerians First political units in Mesopotamia Semitic People

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Civilization
Civilization

  • What makes up a civilization?

  • Do we have a civilization?


Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia

  • “The Land between Two Rivers”

  • Irrigation began around 6000 BCE

  • First cities emerged by 4000 BCE


Mesopotamia1

Sumerians

First political units in Mesopotamia

Semitic People

Built first cities in Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia


Mesopotamia2
Mesopotamia

  • Beginnings of Empires

    • Interaction among Mesopotamian city-states

    • Sargon of Akkad (2370-2315 BCE)



Mesopotamia3
Mesopotamia

  • Babylonian Empire

    • Founded by Hammurabi (1792-1750 BCE)

    • Code of Hammurabi



Mesopotamia4
Mesopotamia

  • Assyrian Empire (1300-612 BCE)


Mesopotamia5
Mesopotamia

  • New Babylonian or “Chaldean Empire”



Mesopotamia7
Mesopotamia

  • Accomplishments



Mesopotamia9
Mesopotamia

  • Writing

    • Earliest writing 3100 BCE

    • Purposes

    • Epic of Gilgamesh


Mesopotamia10
Mesopotamia

  • Culture

    • Patriarchal society

    • Stratified


Mesopotamia11
Mesopotamia

  • Hebrews

    • Moses

    • Kingdom of Israel

    • Judaism



Mesopotamia12
Mesopotamia

  • Phoenicians

    • Semitic People

    • Trade

    • Alphabet




Mesopotamia14
Mesopotamia

  • Arrival of the Indo-Europeans

    • Origins

    • Migrations

    • Impact on language



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