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FAA Weather Processors: Display, Integration and Evaluation (Segment Five). Status / Update for Friends / Partners in Aviation Weather Forum. Alfred Moosakhanian En Route Future Automation October 13, 2004. FAA Weather Processors. WARP - Weather and Radar Processor

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FAA Weather Processors: Display, Integration and Evaluation (Segment Five)

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Faa weather processors display integration and evaluation segment five

FAA Weather Processors:Display, Integration and Evaluation(Segment Five)

Status / Update

for

Friends / Partners in Aviation Weather Forum

Alfred Moosakhanian

En Route Future Automation

October 13, 2004


Faa weather processors

FAA Weather Processors

  • WARP - Weather and Radar Processor

  • CIWS – Corridor Integrated Weather System

  • Weather in the Cockpit:

    • FIS Data Link (FISDL)

    • FIS-Broadcast (FIS-B)


Weather and radar processor

Weather and Radar Processor

WARP Program Description:

  • Integrated, interactive weather workstation for meteorologists at each ARTCC and the ATCSCC

  • Provides weather display to traffic flow manager, air-traffic controllers, and air traffic sector manager

  • FAA’s En Route/ATCSCC aviation weather database

    • Provides data to other National Airspace System (NAS) entities using the Weather Information Network Server (WINS)


Nexrad mosaic products

Nexrad Mosaic Products

  • WARP currently provides NEXRAD Mosaics to air-traffic controllers on the Display System Replacement (DSR) screen by 4 products:

    • 0 - 60,000 feet:

      Composite Reflectivity (CR)

    • 0 - 24,000 feet:

      (Low) Layer CR

    • 24,000 - 33,000 feet

      (High) Layer CR

    • 33,000 - 60,000 feet

      (Super-high) Layer CR

  • Air-traffic controllers using these products will view the NAS with complete “ground to air” coverage


Optimal mosaic products

Optimal Mosaic Products

Provides latest technology advances:

  • More accurate weather displays

  • Increased views of “young” thunderstorms – as they develop

  • Higher reflectivity resolution products – using improved algorithms

  • Removal of radar clutter and anomalous propagation (AP)

  • Ability to display lightning strike data

    By the end of 1st Quarter of FY05:

    WARP Optimal Mosaic products will provide:

  • 3 Optimal Mosaics:

    • 0 – 60,000 feet: Composite Reflectivity (CR)

    • 0 – 24,000 feet: CR

    • 24,000 - 60,000 feet: CR

  • One Maximum Contributor Mosaic:

    • 0 – 60,000 feet: CR


Corridor integrated weather system

60

50

1997

40

1998

1999

30

2000

Thousands of Delays

2001

20

2002

2003

10

2004

0

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Month

Corridor Integrated Weather System

NAS Capacity / Delay Problem:

- Substantial delays and capacity

constraints occur as a result of

convective activity

- Impact particularly acute in summer

months in NE corridor

- CIWS

- Demonstration system started 2001

-- to evaluate impacts of improved

weather products to improve

capacity

- Current Capabilities

-- 2 hour convective weather forecast

- self scoring

-- High resolution echo tops product

-- Fast update NEXRAD/ASR-9

mosaics

-- Storm Growth and Decay trend

OPSNET Weather Delays

  • Peak delays – Summer convective storm season.

  • Airline over scheduling caused high delays in Fall

  • of 2000 (LGA) and Fall 2003 - Spring 2004 (ORD)


Ciws domain and benefits

6

3

# of aircraft

1 Situational awareness

9 Shorter/fewer ground stops

2 Interfacility coordination

10 Directing traffic through gaps

3 Routes open longer

11 Improved safety

4 Improved Arrival Transition

12 Close route proactively

Area (ATA) management

13 Optimize runway usage

5 Reduce workload

14 Avoid ground stop

6 Proactive reroutes

15 Reduced MIT restrictions

7 Directing pathfinders

16 Improved use of Ground Delay

8 More SWAP departures

Programs (GDP)

CIWS Domain and Benefits

CIWS 2004 Domain

ASR-9

NEXRAD

NEXRAD

(New)

Canadian

Quantified Delay Benefits

Status

3500

3314

3000

--Operate CIWS demonstration system

serving Boston-NY-DC-Chicago Corridor

--Added NavCanada coverage for

Northern Playbook route coverage

--Provided CIWS displays for ZMP and

ZKC

2500

Annual benefit 28,383-57,060 hours delay reduction

($108.7 M - $216.4 M)

2000

Annual Benefit Occurrences

Annual benefit 11,702 hours delay reduction

($41.8 M)

1500

1289

953

756

749

1000

439

311

276

500

196

194

183

157

110

110

69

52

14

Future Enhancements

0

11

12

10

13

14

15

16

9

3

4

5

6

7

8

1

2

--Winter Forecast product

--High resolution echo tops forecast

--Convective initiation


Weather in the cockpit status

Weather in the Cockpit - Status

  • National Service

    • FISDL: service through FAA-Industry agreement with Honeywell

      • 159 transmitter sites, covering 90% of major flyways @ 5K

      • Additional gap-filling sites planned

    • Cockpit Products: Text free, Graphics through subscription; Area products recently added

  • Regional Service (Pockets)

    • FIS-B: service through Universal Access Transceiver (UAT) network

      • 24 initial transmitter sites along East Coast + Flagstaff, all operating by December 2004

        • Pocket implementations support establishing baseline for JRC decision for national UAT deployment

    • Cockpit Products: Free service (Text and Graphics)


Cockpit display examples

Cockpit Display Examples

Visit Exhibits:

FISDL: Honeywell

(Booth # 4201)

FIS-B: Safe Flight 21

(Booth # 7819)


On going actions

On-Going Actions

  • Publication of standards/guidance:

    • Aircraft Certification (AIR-130):

      • TSO C-157 and AC 20-FIS (ref: RTCA DO-267A): public comments received – target Oct04 publication

    • Flight Standards (AFS-400):

      • Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM)

        • Updating to include information on UAT network (ADS-B, FIS-B and TIS-B) and guidance on use of TFR cockpit displays

      • AC 00-FIS: legal review completed - target Oct 04 publication

  • Product Development

    • METAR/TAF/PIREP plain language decoders (NCAR)

    • NOTAM/TFR database access (FAA NAIMES program)

    • NEXRAD display assessment (FAA WJHTC)

    • NEXRAD looping display assessment (NASA AWIN)


Faa weather processors display integration and evaluation segment five

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