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Air Traffic Control. Definition - ATC is a service provided by an appropriate agency to promote the safe, orderly, and expeditious flow of air traffic. Air Traffic. Aircraft operating in the airspace or on an area of airport normally used for movement of aircraft. ATC Agencies.

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air traffic control
Air Traffic Control
  • Definition -
    • ATC is a service provided by an appropriate agency to promote the safe, orderly, and expeditious flow of air traffic.
air traffic
Air Traffic
  • Aircraft operating in the airspace or on an area of airport normally used for movement of aircraft.
atc agencies
ATC Agencies
  • Air Route Traffic Control Centers (ARTCC).
  • Approach Control.
  • Control Tower.
atc responsibilities
ATC Responsibilities
  • Separation is ATC’s primary responsibility.
  • ATC provides other services as necessary.
artcc
ARTCC
  • Responsibility -
    • Control of en route IFR traffic within controlled airspace.
    • Services provided to VFR aircraft on a workload permitting basis.
artcc1
ARTCC
  • Area of jurisdiction -
    • This area may cover an area as large or larger than some states.
artcc2
ARTCC
  • Communication network -
    • Direct pilot to controller communication is provided by remote transmitter receiver (RTR) sites.
approach control
Approach Control
  • Requirements to establish -
    • Approved instrument approach procedure.
    • Direct pilot to controller communication.
    • Letter of agreement (LOA).
approach control1
Approach Control
  • Types of control -
    • Radar is predominate.
    • Some non-radar areas still exist.
control tower
Control Tower
  • Provides traffic control on and around the airport to include ground control.
fss services
FSS Services
  • Pilot briefings.
  • En route communications.
  • VFR search and rescue.
  • Assist lost and emergency aircraft.
  • Relay ATC clearances.
  • Originate NOTAMs.
fss services1
FSS Services
  • Broadcast aviation WX and National Airspace System (NAS) information.
  • Receive and process IFR flight plans.
  • Monitor NAVAIDS.
fss services2
FSS Services
  • At selected locations -
    • Provide En Route Flight Advisory Service (EFAS).
    • Take WX observations.
    • Issue airport advisories.
    • Advise Customs and Immigration of trans border flights.
fss communication network
FSS Communication Network
  • Communications tie-in to military base operations, ARTCC, and other FSSs.
2 4 8 radio communications format
2-4-8Radio communications format:
  • a. Initial radio contact:
    • 1. Identification of aircraft.
    • 2. Identification of ATC unit.
    • 3. Message (if any).
    • 4. The word "over" if required.
2 4 8 radio communications format1
2-4-8Radio communications format:
  • b. Subsequent transmissions from the same (ATC) position shall use the same format, except the ID of the ATC unit may be omitted.
2 4 9 abbreviated transmissions
2-4-9Abbreviated Transmissions
  • a. Use the ID prefix and the last 3 digits or letters of the aircraft ID after communications have been established.
2 4 9 abbreviated transmissions1
2-4-9Abbreviated Transmissions
  • Do not abbreviate similar sounding aircraft IDs or the ID of an air carrier or other civil aircraft having an FAA authorized call sign.
2 4 9 abbreviated transmissions2
2-4-9Abbreviated Transmissions
  • b. Omit the facility ID after communication has been established.
2 4 9 abbreviated transmissions3
2-4-9Abbreviated Transmissions
  • c. Transmit the message immediately after the callup (without waiting for the aircraft\'s reply) when the message is short and receipt is generally assured.
2 4 9 abbreviated transmissions4
2-4-9Abbreviated Transmissions
  • d. Omit the word "over" if the message obviously requires a reply.
2 4 17 a serial numbers
2-4-17 a.Serial numbers
  • The separate digits.
    • Examples
    • NumberStatement
    • 11,495 "One one four niner five."
    • 20,069 "Two zero zero six niner."
2 4 17 b altitudes or flight levels
2-4-17 b.Altitudes or flight levels
  • 1. Altitudes - Pronounce each digit in the number of hundreds or thousands followed by the word "hundred" or "thousand" as appropriate.
2 4 17 b altitudes or flight levels1
2-4-17 b.Altitudes or flight levels
  • Note - Altitudes may be restated in group form for added clarity if the controller chooses.
2 4 17 b altitudes or flight levels2
2-4-17 b.Altitudes or flight levels
  • Example 2
    • NumberStatement
    • 10,000 "Ten thousand."
    • 11,000 "Eleven thousand."
    • 17,900 "Seventeen thousand niner hundred."
2 4 17 c time
2-4-17 c. Time
  • 1. General time information -
  • The 4separatedigits of the hour and minutes based on the 24-hour clock in terms of UTC.
2 4 17 c time1
2-4-17 c. Time
  • 3. Time check -
  • The word "time" followed by the 4 separate digits of the hour and minutes, and nearest quarter minute.
2 4 17 c field elevation
2-4-17 c. Field elevation
  • 5. Field elevation -
  • The words "field elevation" followed by the separatedigits of the elevation.
2 4 17 c field elevation1
2-4-17 c. Field elevation
  • Examples
    • ElevationStatement
    • 17 feet "Field elevation, one seven."
    • 817 feet "Field elevation, eight one seven."
    • 2,817 feet "Field elevation, two eight one seven."
2 4 17 e altimeter setting
2-4-17 e. Altimeter setting
  • The word "altimeter" followed by the separate digits of the altimeter setting.
    • Example
    • SettingStatement
    • 30.01 "Altimeter, three zero zero one."
2 4 17 f surface wind
2-4-17 f. Surface wind
  • The word "wind" followed by the separatedigits of the indicated wind direction to the nearest 10 degree multiple, the word "at," and the separatedigits of the indicated velocity in knots.
2 4 17 g heading
2-4-17 g. Heading
  • The word "heading" followed by the threeseparatedigits of the number of degrees, omitting the word "degrees."
  • Use heading 360 degrees to indicate a north heading.
2 4 17 h radar beacon codes
2-4-17 h. Radar beacon codes
  • The separate digits of the 4 digit code.
    • Examples
    • CodeStatement
    • 1000 "One zero zero zero."
    • 2100 "Two one zero zero."
2 4 17 i runways
2-4-17 i. Runways
  • The word "runway," followed by the separatedigits of the runway designation.
2 4 17 i runways1
2-4-17 i. Runways
  • For a parallel runway, state the word "left," "right," or "center" if the letter "L," "R," or "C" is included in the designation.
2 4 17 i runways2
2-4-17 i. Runways
  • Examples
    • DesignationStatement
    • 3 "Runway Three."
    • 8L "Runway Eight Left."
    • 27R "Runway Two Seven Right."
2 4 17 j frequencies
2-4-17 j. Frequencies
  • 1. The separatedigits of the frequency, inserting the word "point" where the decimal point occurs.
2 4 17 j frequencies1
2-4-17 j. Frequencies
  • When the frequency is in the L/MF band, include the word "kilohertz."
2 4 17 j frequencies2
2-4-17 j. Frequencies
  • 2. USAF/USN: Local channelization numbers may be used in lieu of frequencies for locally based aircraft when local procedures are established to ensure that local aircraft and ATC facilities use the same channelization.
    • Example
    • FrequencyStatement
    • 275.8 MHz "Local channel one six."
2 4 17 k speeds
2-4-17 k. Speeds
  • 1. The separate digits of the speed followed by "knots" except as required by paragraph 5-7-2.
    • Examples
    • SpeedStatement
    • 250 "Two five zero knots."
    • 190 "One niner zero knots."
2 4 17 l miles
2-4-17 l. Miles
  • The separate digits of the mileage followed by the word mile.
    • Examples
    • "Three zero mile arc east of Nottingham."
    • "Traffic, one o\'clock, two five miles, northbound, DC Eight, flight level two seven zero."
2 4 18 number clarification
2-4-18 Number Clarification
  • a. If deemed necessary for clarity, and after stating numbers as specified in paragraph 2-4-17, controllers may restate numbers using either group or single-digit form.
2 4 18 number clarification1
2-4-18 Number Clarification
  • Example
    • "One seven thousand, seventeen thousand."
    • "Altimeter two niner niner two, twenty nine ninety two."
    • "One two six point five five, one twenty six point fifty five."
2 4 19 facility id
2-4-19 Facility ID
  • Identify facilities as follows:
2 4 19 facility id1
2-4-19 Facility ID
  • a. Airport traffic control towers - State the name of the facility followed by the word "tower."
2 4 19 facility id2
2-4-19 Facility ID
  • Where military and civil airports are located in the same general area and have similar names, state the name of the military service followed by the name of the military facility and the word "tower."
2 4 19 facility id3
2-4-19 Facility ID
  • Examples
    • "Columbus Tower."
    • "Barksdale Tower."
    • "Navy Jacksonville Tower."
2 4 19 facility id4
2-4-19 Facility ID
  • b. Air route traffic control centers -
  • State the name of the facility followed by the word "center."
2 4 19 facility id5
2-4-19 Facility ID
  • c. Approach control facilities, including RAPCONs, RATCFs, and ARACs -
  • State the name of the facility followed by the word "approach."
2 4 19 facility id6
2-4-19 Facility ID
  • Where military and civil facilities are located in the same general area and have similar names, state the name of the military service followed by the name of the military facility and the word "approach."
2 4 19 facility id7
2-4-19 Facility ID
  • Examples
    • "Denver Approach."
    • "Griffiss Approach."
    • "Navy Jacksonville Approach."
2 4 19 facility id8
2-4-19 Facility ID
  • d. Functions within a terminal facility -
  • State the name of the facility followed by the name of the function.
    • Examples
    • "Boston Departure."
    • "LaGuardia Clearance Delivery."
    • "O\'Hare Ground."
2 4 19 facility id9
2-4-19 Facility ID
  • f. FAA flight service stations -
  • State the name of the station followed by the word "radio."
    • Example
    • "Altoona Radio."
2 5 1 airways and routes
2-5-1 Airways and Routes
  • Describe airways, routes, or jet routes as follows:
2 5 1 airways and routes1
2-5-1 Airways and Routes
  • a. VOR/VORTAC/TACAN airways or jet routes -
  • State the word "Victor" or the letter "J" followed by the number of the airway or route in group form. For RNAV routes add the word "Romeo."
2 5 1 airways and routes2
2-5-1 Airways and Routes
  • Examples
    • "Victor Twelve."
    • "J Five Thirty-three."
    • "Victor Seven Ten Romeo."
    • "J Eight Thirty Romeo."
    • "Offset one zero miles right of J Eight Thirty Romeo."
2 5 2 navaid terms
2-5-2 NAVAID Terms
  • Describe radials, arcs, courses, bearings, and quadrants of NAVAIDs as follows:
2 5 2 navaid terms1
2-5-2 NAVAID Terms
  • a. VOR/VORTAC/TACAN/MLS/GPS Waypoint -
  • State the name of the NAVAID or GPS Waypoint followed by the separate digits of the radial/azimuth/bearing (omitting the word "degrees") and the word "radial/azimuth/bearing."
2 5 2 navaid terms2
2-5-2 NAVAID Terms
  • Examples
    • "Appleton zero five zero radial."
    • "Lindburg Runway Two Seven MLS, two six zero azimuth."
2 5 2 navaid terms3
2-5-2 NAVAID Terms
  • b. Arcs about VOR-DME/VORTAC/ TACAN/MLS NAVAIDs -
  • State the distance in miles from the NAVAID followed by the words "mile arc," the direction from the NAVAID in terms of the eight principal points of the compass, the word "of," and the name of the NAVAID.
2 5 2 navaid terms4
2-5-2 NAVAID Terms
  • Example
    • "Two zero mile arc southwest of O\'Hare Runway Two Seven Left MLS."
2 5 2 navaid terms5
2-5-2 NAVAID Terms
  • c. Quadrant within a radius of NAVAID -
  • State direction from NAVAID in terms of the quadrant; e.g., NE, SE, SW, NW, followed by the distance in miles from the NAVAID.
2 5 2 navaid terms6
2-5-2 NAVAID Terms
  • Example
    • "Cleared to fly northeast quadrant of Phillipsburg VORTAC within four zero mile radius."
2 5 2 navaid terms7
2-5-2 NAVAID Terms
  • d. Nondirectional beacons -
  • State the course to or the bearing from the radio beacon, omitting the word “degree,” followed by the words “course to” or “bearing from,” the name of the radio beacon, and the words “radio beacon.”
2 5 2 navaid terms8
2-5-2 NAVAID Terms
  • Example
    • “Three four zero bearing from Randolph Radio Beacon.”
2 5 3 navaid fixes
2-5-3 NAVAID Fixes
  • Describe fixes determined by reference to a radial/localizer/ azimuth and distance from a VOR-DME/VORTAC/TACAN/ILS-DME or MLS as follows:
2 5 3 navaid fixes1
2-5-3 NAVAID Fixes
  • a. When a fix is not named, state the name of the NAVAID followed by a specified radial/localizer/azimuth, and state the distance in miles followed by the phrase “mile fix.”
2 5 3 navaid fixes2
2-5-3 NAVAID Fixes
  • Examples
    • "Appleton zero five zero radial three seven mile fix."
    • "Reno localizer back course 4 mile fix."
    • "Hobby Runway One Two MLS zero niner zero azimuth one two mile fix."
2 5 3 navaid fixes3
2-5-3 NAVAID Fixes
  • b. When a fix is charted on a SID, STAR, en route chart, or approach plate, state the name of the fix.
initial atc clearance
Initial ATC Clearance
  • An authorization by ATC to proceed within controlled airspace under specific conditions
methods of delivery
Methods of Delivery
  • Clearance delivery
  • Ground control
  • Tower
  • FSS
  • Approach
  • Center
4 2 2 clearance prefix
4-2-2 Clearance Prefix
  • a. Prefix a clearance, information, or a request for information which will be relayed to an aircraft through a non-ATC facility by stating “A-T-C clears,” “A-T-C advises,” or “A-T-C requests.”
4 2 2 clearance prefix1
4-2-2 Clearance Prefix
  • b. Flight service stations shall prefix a clearance with the appropriate phrase: “ATC clears,” “ATC advises,” etc.
4 3 4 departure restrictions
4-3-4 Departure Restrictions, ...
  • Assign departure restrictions, clearance void times, hold for release, or release times when necessary to separate departures from other traffic or to restrict or regulate the departure flow.
4 3 4 a void times
4-3-4 a. Void Times
  • 1. When issuing clearance void times at airports not served by control towers, provide alternative instructions requiring the pilots to advise ATC of their intentions no later than 30 minutes after the clearance void time if not airborne.
4 3 4 a void times1
4-3-4 a. Void Times
  • 2. The facility delivering a clearance void time to a pilot shall issue a time check.
4 3 4 a void times2
4-3-4 a. Void Times
  • Phraseology
    • CLEARANCE VOID IF NOT OFF BY (clearance void time),
    • and if required,
    • IF NOT OFF BY (clearance void time), ADVISE (facility) NOT LATER THAN (time) OF INTENTIONS.
    • TIME (time in hours, minutes, and the nearest quarter minute).
4 2 1 clearance items
4-2-1 Clearance Items
  • a. Aircraft identification.
  • b. Clearance limit.
  • c. Departure procedure or SID.
  • d. Route of flight.
  • e. Altitude data in the order flown.
  • h. Holding instructions.
  • i. Any special information.
  • j. Frequency and beacon code.
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