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At 1151 directed airplane to start left turn toward Hudson River ... No further communications with airplane despite several attempts by Teterboro ATC ...

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Presentation Transcript
air traffic control issues

Air Traffic Control Issues

Air Traffic Control presentation

new york new jersey map
New York/New Jersey Map

Hudson River

Teterboro Airport

Hudson River class B

exclusion area

Newark Airport

flight history airplane
Flight History – Airplane
  • Departed Teterboro at 1148 on VFR flight to Ocean City, New Jersey
  • Requested radar advisories with en route altitude of 3,500 feet
  • Radar identified at 1150
  • Provided radar advisories on departure
flight history airplane4
Flight History – Airplane
  • Local controller reinitiated nonpertinent telephone call at 1150
  • At 1151 directed airplane to start left turn toward Hudson River
  • At 1152 directed airplane to contact Newark ATC on 127.85
  • Pilot incorrectly acknowledged as 127.8
flight history airplane5
Flight History – Airplane
  • Newark ATC requested that local controller direct frequency change and assign heading
  • Newark ATC observed developing conflicts and attempted to pre-empt
  • Nonpertinent telephone call continued
  • Timely transfer of communications did not occur
flight history airplane6
Flight History – Airplane
  • Local controller did not hear incorrect read back or Newark ATC request because of simultaneous multiple communications
  • No further communications with airplane despite several attempts by Teterboro ATC
  • Accident helicopter not visible to ATC
flight history airplane7
Flight History – Airplane

Radar identified/electronic

handoff to Newark ATC

completed

Directed by TEB ATC to

contact Newark ATC

Directed by TEB ATC

to start left turn

flight history river traffic
Flight History – River Traffic

C172

northbound at

1,500 feet

Accident airplane

1,100 feet

southeast bound

AA5

northbound at

1,900 feet

VFR traffic southbound

at 1,000 feet

planned tour route helicopter
Planned Tour Route – Helicopter

30th Street

Heliport (JRA)

1,000 feet

1,500 feet

500 feet

air traffic control
Air Traffic Control
  • Teterboro ATC facility staffing included five controllers
  • Staffing was adequate
  • At time of accident, two controllers staffing tower
  • Rotation had been 1 hour on and 1 hour off position
controller performance
Controller Performance
  • Air traffic controllers charged with giving first priority to separating aircraft and issuing safety alerts; good judgment to be used in prioritizing all other provisions of FAA order based on requirements of situation at hand
controller performance12
Controller Performance
  • Local controller initiated two personal telephone calls while providing ATC services
  • Front line manager in tower for first call but did not address issue as required
controller performance13
Controller Performance
  • After accident, local controller could not locate front line manager and other controller-in-charge
  • Local controller not relieved from position until about 1215
controller performance14
Controller Performance
  • ATC recordings before accident revealed multiple instances of noncompliance with FAA and Teterboro ATC orders by local controller and lack of oversight by front line manager
faa actions
FAA Actions
  • FAA redesignated class B exclusion area from surface up to, but not including, 1,300 feet
  • Designed to allow for local operations below 1,000 feet and transit operations above 1,000 feet
  • Altitude structures not mandatory and not clearly defined
letter of agreement
Letter of Agreement
  • FAA/helicopter operator letter of agreement defined coded flight routes for tour helicopters
  • Letter does not ensure vertical separation between transient and local operations
  • Letter changed boundaries affecting common traffic advisory frequency usage for East and Hudson Rivers
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