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EUGENIA LANGAN MATER ACADEMY CHARTER HIGH SCHOOL HIALEAH GARDENS, FLORIDA WI TH THANKS TO TONY MILLER & SUSAN POJER. The War of 1812: “Mr . Madison’s War” “ The Second War for Independence” OR ?. ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS TODAY: WHAT WERE THE CAUSES OF THE WAR OF 1812?
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MATER ACADEMY CHARTER HIGH SCHOOL
HIALEAH GARDENS, FLORIDA
WITH THANKS TO TONY MILLER & SUSAN POJER
WHAT WERE THE CAUSES OF THE WAR OF 1812?
WAS JAMES MADISON A STRICT CONSTRUCTIONIST? WERE FEDERALISTS REALLY LIBERAL CONSTRUCTIONISTS?
HOW AND WHEN DID U.S. NATIONALISM ARISE?
WHAT CAUSED THE CIVIL WAR?
With respect to the federal Constitution, the Jeffersonian Republicans are usually characterized as strict constructionists who were opposed to the broad constructionism of the Federalists. To what extent was this characterization of the two parties accurate during the presidencies of Jefferson and Madison?
Your “OI” must include:
All relevant primary sources assigned
all assigned readings AND MY LECTURES/ PPS
No internet crap
JAMES MADISON – “FATHER OF THE CONSTITUTION,” AUTHOR OF BILL OF RIGHTS , FEDERALIST PAPERS, AND VIRGINIA RESOLVES, SECRETARY OF STATE, FOURTH PRESIDENT
EVERYTHING N.W. OF THIS LINE =
1809 – TREATY OF FORT WAYNE. WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, GOVERNOR OF INDIANA TERRITORY INVITED SELECTED INDIAN
TECUMSEH ORGANIZED CONFEDERATION OF MOST TRIBES TO RESIST TREATY OF FT. WAYNE
THE TWO TO REMEMBER – HENRY CLAY (KY) AND JOHN C. CALHOUN (S.C.)
CLAY – “THE GREAT COMPROMISER” – 3 X SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE, SECRETARY OF STATE, SENATOR
CALHOUN – SENATOR, HOUSE MEMBER, VICE PRESIDENT, SECRETARY OF WAR
THE HENRY LETTERS – MADISON BOUGHT FOR $50,000 -- WAS MADISON TRULY DECEIVED?
18 STATES – ONE OHIO ELECTOR DIDN’T VOTE
* IN CONN., DEL., GA., N.Y., S.C. & VT., ELECTORS WERE STILL APPOINTED BY STATE LEGISLATURES
N.B. BRITAIN DIDN’T TOTALLY CUT OFF NEW ENGLAND
ONLY CLEAR VICTORIES – AGAINST INDIANS IN N.W. AND SOUTH, AND AGAINST BRITISH ON LAKE ERIE + BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS
WAR BECAME POINTLESS FOR BOTH SIDES BY 1815
BUT MANY AMERICAN LEGENDS, AND U.S. NATIONALISM RESULT
“WE HAVE MET THE ENEMY AND HE IS OURS”
HIS STANDARD WAS “DON’T GIVE UP THE SHIP” = DYING WORDS OF CAPTAIN JAMES LAWRENCE OF THE CHESAPEAKE – CAPTURED BY
BRITISH H.M.S. SHANNON OFF NOVA
SCOTIA, EARLIER IN 1813
BATTLE OF THE THAMES, OCTOBER 1813 – WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON DEFINITELY DEFEATED TECUMSEH HERE
NO MORE PROBLEMS WITH INDIANS IN N.W.!
JULY 1812 – U.S.S. CONSTITUTION “OLD IRONSIDES” – DEFEATS AND BURNS H.M.S GUERRIERE
FIRST LADY DOLLEY MADISON SAVED MANY WHITE HOUSE VALUABLES, SUCH AS G. STUART PORTRAIT OF WASHINGTON
A HEROINE! AND SO WE HONOR HER BY NAMING CHEAP SNACK CAKES AFTER HER
“BATTLE” OF BALTIMORE (FT. MC HENRY), AUGUST, 1814 – “BOMBS BURSTING IN AIR” INSPIRED FRANCIS SCOTT TO WRITE “THE DEFENSE OF FT. MC HENRY”
SET TO THE TUNE OF THE ANACREONTIC SONG, IT BECAME OUR NATIONAL ANTHEM IN 1931
“And long may the sons of Anacreon intwine the myrtle of Venus with Bacchus\' vine.”
JACKSON ACCEPTING SURRENDER OF CREEK GENERAL WILLIAM WEATHERFORD – WHOM JACKSON GREATLY ADMIRED
POLITICS – THE HARTFORD CONVENTION, DECEMBER 1814 – JANUARY 1815
POPULAR PERCEPTION = “WE WON A WAR AGAINST GREAT BRITAIN” – “SECOND WAR OF INDEPENDENCE