Sentence structure
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Sentence Structure . Objective: V ary sentence types and beginnings to create rhythm and to direct the reader’s attention. . Example:.

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Sentence Structure

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Sentence structure

Sentence Structure

Objective: Vary sentence types and beginnings to create rhythm and to direct the reader’s attention.


Example

Example:

This sentence has five words. This is five words too. Five word sentences are fine. But several together become monotonous. Listen to what is happening. The writing is getting boring. The sound of it drones. It’s like a stuck record. The ear demands some variety. Now listen. I vary the sentence length and I create music.  Music. The writing sings. It has a pleasant rhythm, a lilt, a harmony. I use short sentences. And I use sentences of medium length. And sometimes when I am certain the reader is rested I will engage him with a sentence of considerable length, a sentence that burns with energy and builds with all the impetus of a crescendo, the roll of the drums, the crash of the symbols, and sounds that say listen to this, it is important. (Gary Provost, Make Your Words Work).


Sentence structure video

Sentence Structure Video

  • http//: www.youtube.com/watch?v=eNy5M7vEMHc

    Take noteson simple, compound and complex sentences.


Clauses

Clauses

  • A clause contains a subject and a predicate

  • There are two types of clauses:

    • Independent- contains one thought that makes sense on it’s own

    • Dependent- expresses one thought, but needs to combine with an independent clause to make sense.

  • SIMPLE SENTENCE = 1 independent clause

  • COMPOUND SENTENCE = 1 independent clause, + coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) + 1 independent clause

  • COMPLEX = 1 independent clause + 1 dependent clause (Dependent clause contains a subordinating conjunction (as, if, while, although, etc.)

  • COMPOUND-COMPLEX= Dependent clause, + independent clause + coordinating conjunction + independent clause

    PRACTICE IDENTIFYING SENTENCE TYPES:http://www.softschools.com/quizzes/language_arts/sentence_types/quiz1848.html


  • Varying sentence starts

    Varying Sentence Starts

    Most common sentence pattern:

    Subject Verb

    “The White House is a mansion. It is one of the largest houses in the US. The “square footage of the building is 55,000 square feet and the amount of land is 18 acres.” (White House) That is huge! The White House obviously took a very long time to make. The person that designed this terrific building was the Irish-American architect, James Hoban.” James should get a whole lot more recognition than what he is given. People need to respect that he built, which is arguably the most significant building of all time. He not only designed a building, but a fortress. The White House is the safe and proper place for our president to reside in. The president should feel not only safety in this house but comfort.”


    Varying sentence starts1

    Varying Sentence Starts

    Most common sentence pattern:

    Subject Verb

    “The White House is a mansion. It is one of the largest houses in the US. The “square footage of the building is 55,000 square feet and the amount of land is 18 acres.” (White House) That is huge! The White House obviously took a very long time to make. The person that designed this terrific building was the Irish-American architect, James Hoban.” James should get a whole lot more recognition than what he is given. People need to respect that he built, which is arguably the most significant building of all time. He not only designed a building, but a fortress. The White House is the safe and proper place for our president to reside in. The president should feel not only safety in this house but comfort.”


    Options for starting a sentence

    Options for starting a sentence

    • Begin with a prepositional phrase:

      • Across the lake, the party was just starting.

  • Begin with a participle phrase (ing or ed words):

    • Hoping for the bell to ring, the student glanced at the clock

  • Begin with a dependent clause:

    • Although I prefer dogs, I finally see that cats are not pure evil.

  • Begin with an infinitive phrase;

    • To catch a criminal, you have to think like one.

  • Use an appositive phrase.

    • Christmas break, a much needed two week vacation, is just around the corner.


  • Most common prepositions

    Most Common Prepositions

    aboard

    about

    above

    across

    after

    against

    along

    amid

    among

    anti

    around

    as

    at

    before

    behind

    below

    beneath

    beside

    besides

    between

    Beyond

     "English Prepositions LIst." English Club. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2012.

    but

    by

    concerning

    considering

    despite

    down

    during

    except

    excepting

    excluding

    following

    for

    from

    in

    inside

    into

    like

    minus

    near

    of

    off

    on

    onto

    opposite

    outside

    over

    past

    per

    plus

    regarding

    round

    save

    since

    than

    through

    to

    toward

    towards

    under

    underneath

    unlike

    until

    up

    upon

    versus

    via

    with

    within

    without


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