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Sentence Structure . Objective: V ary sentence types and beginnings to create rhythm and to direct the reader’s attention. . Example:.

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sentence structure
Sentence Structure

Objective: Vary sentence types and beginnings to create rhythm and to direct the reader’s attention.

example
Example:

This sentence has five words. This is five words too. Five word sentences are fine. But several together become monotonous. Listen to what is happening. The writing is getting boring. The sound of it drones. It’s like a stuck record. The ear demands some variety. Now listen. I vary the sentence length and I create music.  Music. The writing sings. It has a pleasant rhythm, a lilt, a harmony. I use short sentences. And I use sentences of medium length. And sometimes when I am certain the reader is rested I will engage him with a sentence of considerable length, a sentence that burns with energy and builds with all the impetus of a crescendo, the roll of the drums, the crash of the symbols, and sounds that say listen to this, it is important. (Gary Provost, Make Your Words Work).

sentence structure video
Sentence Structure Video
  • http//: www.youtube.com/watch?v=eNy5M7vEMHc

Take noteson simple, compound and complex sentences.

clauses
Clauses
  • A clause contains a subject and a predicate
  • There are two types of clauses:
      • Independent- contains one thought that makes sense on it’s own
      • Dependent- expresses one thought, but needs to combine with an independent clause to make sense.
  • SIMPLE SENTENCE = 1 independent clause
  • COMPOUND SENTENCE = 1 independent clause, + coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) + 1 independent clause
  • COMPLEX = 1 independent clause + 1 dependent clause (Dependent clause contains a subordinating conjunction (as, if, while, although, etc.)
  • COMPOUND-COMPLEX= Dependent clause, + independent clause + coordinating conjunction + independent clause

PRACTICE IDENTIFYING SENTENCE TYPES:http://www.softschools.com/quizzes/language_arts/sentence_types/quiz1848.html

varying sentence starts
Varying Sentence Starts

Most common sentence pattern:

Subject Verb

“The White House is a mansion. It is one of the largest houses in the US. The “square footage of the building is 55,000 square feet and the amount of land is 18 acres.” (White House) That is huge! The White House obviously took a very long time to make. The person that designed this terrific building was the Irish-American architect, James Hoban.” James should get a whole lot more recognition than what he is given. People need to respect that he built, which is arguably the most significant building of all time. He not only designed a building, but a fortress. The White House is the safe and proper place for our president to reside in. The president should feel not only safety in this house but comfort.”

varying sentence starts1
Varying Sentence Starts

Most common sentence pattern:

Subject Verb

“The White House is a mansion. It is one of the largest houses in the US. The “square footage of the building is 55,000 square feet and the amount of land is 18 acres.” (White House) That is huge! The White House obviously took a very long time to make. The person that designed this terrific building was the Irish-American architect, James Hoban.” James should get a whole lot more recognition than what he is given. People need to respect that he built, which is arguably the most significant building of all time. He not only designed a building, but a fortress. The White House is the safe and proper place for our president to reside in. The president should feel not only safety in this house but comfort.”

options for starting a sentence
Options for starting a sentence
  • Begin with a prepositional phrase:
      • Across the lake, the party was just starting.
  • Begin with a participle phrase (ing or ed words):
      • Hoping for the bell to ring, the student glanced at the clock
  • Begin with a dependent clause:
      • Although I prefer dogs, I finally see that cats are not pure evil.
  • Begin with an infinitive phrase;
        • To catch a criminal, you have to think like one.
  • Use an appositive phrase.
        • Christmas break, a much needed two week vacation, is just around the corner.
most common prepositions
Most Common Prepositions

aboard

about

above

across

after

against

along

amid

among

anti

around

as

at

before

behind

below

beneath

beside

besides

between

Beyond

 "English Prepositions LIst." English Club. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2012.

but

by

concerning

considering

despite

down

during

except

excepting

excluding

following

for

from

in

inside

into

like

minus

near

of

off

on

onto

opposite

outside

over

past

per

plus

regarding

round

save

since

than

through

to

toward

towards

under

underneath

unlike

until

up

upon

versus

via

with

within

without

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