Italian unification movement
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Italian Unification Movement. Reasons for Unification. Independent since Fall of Rome Napoleon unified them Threat of other countries Language, tradition, food, Practical reasons. Pro and Anti Movements. Congress of Vienna 1830s, Giuseppe Mazzini

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Italian Unification Movement

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Italian unification movement

Italian Unification Movement


Reasons for unification

Reasons for Unification

  • Independent since Fall of Rome

  • Napoleon unified them

  • Threat of other countries

  • Language, tradition, food,

  • Practical reasons


Pro and anti movements

Pro and Anti Movements

  • Congress of Vienna

  • 1830s, Giuseppe Mazzini

  • Austria, France, Catholic Church opposed

  • Local Princes and Kings opposed


Shrewd politics

Shrewd Politics

  • Risorgimento

  • King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia

  • Prime Minister Camillo Cavour


Cavour s plan

Cavour’s Plan

  • Joined Crimean War, 1855

  • Part of Peace Treaty

  • Befriend Napoleon III

  • Alliance with France

  • Unleashes GuiseppeGaribaldi


The fighting begins

The Fighting Begins

  • Garibaldi goes to ‘boot’ of Italy

  • Wins over territory

  • 1861, Italy Unified

  • Victor Emmanuel made King


Annexation of papal states

Annexation of Papal States

  • France becomes less enthusiastic

  • Guard Papal States until 1870

  • Franco-Prussian war

  • Papal States (except Vatican) annexed

  • Pope imprisoned


Complications

Complications

  • Unstable and economically weak

  • Surrounded by bigger countries

  • Alliances with other nations

  • Triple Alliance Formed


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