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Chapter 13 AP U.S 1 . “Old Hickory” v. Clay in 1832. 2 main candidates in election- Jackson (again) and Henry Clay For first time a 3 rd party enters the field Anti-Masonic party- opposed the influence and fearsome secrecy of Masonic order

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old hickory v clay in 1832
“Old Hickory” v. Clay in 1832
  • 2 main candidates in election- Jackson (again) and Henry Clay
  • For first time a 3rd party enters the field
  • Anti-Masonic party- opposed the influence and fearsome secrecy of Masonic order
  • Powerful force in New England and middle Atlantic states
  • Jackson was a mason, so Anti-Masonic party was a Anti-Jackson party
main parties in election
Main Parties in election


Nat’l republicans

Led by Clay

Pro National Bank

Fiscal conservatives

Southern States rights

  • Led by Jackson
  • He did not support national bank, Indian Removal Act, had much support in south and west, Nullification crisis
masons v jackson
Masons v. Jackson
  • Party also got support from evangelical Protestant groups wanting to use political power to effect moral and religious reforms
  • Ex: Prohibit mail deliver on Sunday, keep Sabbath holy
  • Jacksonians- generally opposed to all gov. meddling in social and economic life
  • Contradiction here?

Anti- Masons and National Republicans adopted formal platforms to publicize their positions on the issues

  • Henry Clay and Rep. enjoyed advantages like ample funds (50,000$ from Bank of U.S)
  • Many newspaper editors wrote badly of Jackson
  • How do we think Jackson will do?
burying biddle s bank
Burying Biddle’s Bank
  • Bank of U.S was set to expire in 1836
  • In 1833 Jackson removed federal deposits from its vaults
  • Essentially bled the bank dry
  • Even his closest advisors opposed this
  • Unconstitutional?
state banks
State banks
  • Death of bank of U.S left a financial vacuum in American economy and kicked of cycle of booms and busts
  • State Banks that Jackson chose to put money into often “consisted of little more than a few chairs and a suitcase full of printed notes- flooded the country with paper money”
specie circular
Specie Circular
  • In effort to reign in economy in 1836, Jackson authorized Treasury to make all public lands purchased with “hard” or metallic money
  • This contributed to financial panic and crash of 1837
  • However by then, Jackson retired to his Nashville home and was seen as a hero.
  • His successor has to deal with damage done
birth of the whigs
Birth of the Whigs
  • Jackson’s opponents condemned him as “King Andrew I” and became Whigs- a name chosen to recollect 18th century British and Revolutionary American opposition to the monarchy
  • Had many diverse elements to party
  • Included: supporters of Clay’s American System, southern states’ righters offended by Jackson’s stance on nullification,
cont d
  • The larger northern industrialists and merchants, and eventually many of the evangelical Protestants associated with the Anti-Masonic Party
  • Thought of themselves as conservatives, yet supported active government programs and reforms.
what where the whigs for
What where the Whigs for?
  • Instead of territorial acquisition, they called for improvements like canals, railroads, telegraph lines, and supported prisons, asylums and public schools.
  • Welcomed market economy, drawing support from manufactures in North, planters in South and merchants and bankers in all sections
who s for the common man
Who’s for the common man?!
  • Viewed Jackson and Van Buren as imperious aristocrats
  • Jackson was previously viewed as for the “common man”
  • This turned Jackson rhetoric on its head, now Whigs claimed to defend the common man and declared Democrats the party of cronyism and corruption