Chapter 13 ap u s 1
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Chapter 13 AP U.S 1 . “Old Hickory” v. Clay in 1832. 2 main candidates in election- Jackson (again) and Henry Clay For first time a 3 rd party enters the field Anti-Masonic party- opposed the influence and fearsome secrecy of Masonic order

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Chapter 13 AP U.S 1

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Chapter 13 ap u s 1

Chapter 13 AP U.S 1


Old hickory v clay in 1832

“Old Hickory” v. Clay in 1832

  • 2 main candidates in election- Jackson (again) and Henry Clay

  • For first time a 3rd party enters the field

  • Anti-Masonic party- opposed the influence and fearsome secrecy of Masonic order

  • Powerful force in New England and middle Atlantic states

  • Jackson was a mason, so Anti-Masonic party was a Anti-Jackson party


Main parties in election

Main Parties in election

Democrats

Nat’l republicans

Led by Clay

Pro National Bank

Fiscal conservatives

Southern States rights

  • Led by Jackson

  • He did not support national bank, Indian Removal Act, had much support in south and west, Nullification crisis


Masons v jackson

Masons v. Jackson

  • Party also got support from evangelical Protestant groups wanting to use political power to effect moral and religious reforms

  • Ex: Prohibit mail deliver on Sunday, keep Sabbath holy

  • Jacksonians- generally opposed to all gov. meddling in social and economic life

  • Contradiction here?


Chapter 13 ap u s 1

  • Anti- Masons and National Republicans adopted formal platforms to publicize their positions on the issues

  • Henry Clay and Rep. enjoyed advantages like ample funds (50,000$ from Bank of U.S)

  • Many newspaper editors wrote badly of Jackson

  • How do we think Jackson will do?


Results

Results


Burying biddle s bank

Burying Biddle’s Bank

  • Bank of U.S was set to expire in 1836

  • In 1833 Jackson removed federal deposits from its vaults

  • Essentially bled the bank dry

  • Even his closest advisors opposed this

  • Unconstitutional?


State banks

State banks

  • Death of bank of U.S left a financial vacuum in American economy and kicked of cycle of booms and busts

  • State Banks that Jackson chose to put money into often “consisted of little more than a few chairs and a suitcase full of printed notes- flooded the country with paper money”


Specie circular

Specie Circular

  • In effort to reign in economy in 1836, Jackson authorized Treasury to make all public lands purchased with “hard” or metallic money

  • This contributed to financial panic and crash of 1837

  • However by then, Jackson retired to his Nashville home and was seen as a hero.

  • His successor has to deal with damage done


Birth of the whigs

Birth of the Whigs

  • Jackson’s opponents condemned him as “King Andrew I” and became Whigs- a name chosen to recollect 18th century British and Revolutionary American opposition to the monarchy

  • Had many diverse elements to party

  • Included: supporters of Clay’s American System, southern states’ righters offended by Jackson’s stance on nullification,


Cont d

Cont’d

  • The larger northern industrialists and merchants, and eventually many of the evangelical Protestants associated with the Anti-Masonic Party

  • Thought of themselves as conservatives, yet supported active government programs and reforms.


What where the whigs for

What where the Whigs for?

  • Instead of territorial acquisition, they called for improvements like canals, railroads, telegraph lines, and supported prisons, asylums and public schools.

  • Welcomed market economy, drawing support from manufactures in North, planters in South and merchants and bankers in all sections


Who s for the common man

Who’s for the common man?!

  • Viewed Jackson and Van Buren as imperious aristocrats

  • Jackson was previously viewed as for the “common man”

  • This turned Jackson rhetoric on its head, now Whigs claimed to defend the common man and declared Democrats the party of cronyism and corruption


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