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Free Software: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Eric Harrison Multnomah Education Service District Free Software: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow 1st, a few definitions GNU: Gnu's Not Unix. A project to create a free version of Unix. Also spawned the GNU Public License (often refered to as copyleft).

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Free Software: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow

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Eric harrison multnomah education service district l.jpg

Eric Harrison

Multnomah Education Service District

Free Software:Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow


1st a few definitions l.jpg

1st, a few definitions

  • GNU: Gnu's Not Unix. A project to create a free version of Unix. Also spawned the GNU Public License (often refered to as copyleft).

  • Free: free as in free speech, not free beer. (libre vs gratis)

  • Linux: the “kernel” that finished off the goal of the GNU project.

  • BSD: Berkely Software Distribution. A derivative from the original version of UNIX that was given away by the University of California, Berkely.

  • Open Source: software who's source code is available, but not necessarily free.


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Yesterday

  • Until the early 80's, all software was free

  • Internet core was dominated by free software.

  • In the 80's several companies pushed software as a proprietary product.

  • As a reaction to this the GNU project was formed in 1985 to promote free software (free as in free speech, not free as in free beer)

  • Early 90's:

    • a Finnish programmer makes the GNU project whole by writing the Linux kernel.

    • BSD (an original UNIX derivative) is set free

  • Late 90's, GNU/Linux gains public attention


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Today

  • Linux and Open Source take Wall Street by storm, setting all-time-high IPO records.

  • Internet core is dominated by free software.

  • Stock Market tanks, Linux/Open Source based companies hit hard. Most go out of business, or are about to.

  • Red Hat, a Linux/Free software company makes huge inroads into running Wall Street.

  • Apple bases its new operating system on BSD.

  • IBM, HP, Intel, AMD, and other huge companies make huge commitments on Linux, on the server side. Desktop ruled by Microsoft.


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Tomorrow

  • Only two major systems left standing: free software and Microsoft. All others reduced to tiny niches or obliterated completely.

  • Microsoft looses a HUGE percentage of the desktop market, but continues to grow in absolute numbers. (90% of the world has yet to “choose” an operating system. Only a small percentage will choose Microsoft). Profits crash hard (doomed to repeat IBM?).

  • Internet core will be dominated by free software.

  • All key infrastructure is based on free software.

  • The desktop, as we know it, is gone.


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Subversion, Disruption, Domination

Like IBM's mainframe monopoly of yore, the current proprietary monopolies will be torn apart in three stages:

  • The oppressive conditions of and unnatural monopoly will force subversive behavior. This is economics 101.

  • Once the subversive activities gain enough momentum, and the oppression grows unbearable, the combination will force huge disruptions in the market.

  • After the subversives have proven themselves, they will become the status-quo.

    “First they laugh at you, then they fear you, then they fight you, then

    you win.” -Ghandi


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Linux as a Server

In the last ten years, Linux has gone from an academic toy to heir to the server throne:

  • 1991: version 0.1 released, it didn't even work. Academics only. Laughable.

  • 1995/1996: versions 1.2/2.0 released: usable for light-weight “production” servers. Early adopters such as Cisco base their global printer infrastructure on Linux. Fear, uncertainly, and doubt.

  • 2001: version 2.4, “data-center” class (after a long shaking-out period). Backed by the heavy weights such as IBM, HP, Intel, etc, etc. Gloves-off, down-and-dirty fighting.

  • 2002-????: world domination. Wall Street, Google, Hollywood, Supercomputers, department stores, IBM mainframes, appliances, wrist watches. Linux showing up everywhere.


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What about the desktop?

Microsoft has a 90% share of the desktop, that ain't going away soon. Right?

  • Novell used to have 90% of the LAN server market, Netscape used to have 90% share of the browser market, etc, etc.

  • It was only about five years between DOS and Windows 95, and about five years between Windows 95 and Windows 2000/XP. Ten years to domination.

  • We're in year five for the Linux desktop, what will happen in the next five years? Five more to domination?

  • What about free applications running on Windows and MacOS?

  • What about MacOS-X? The core of it is free. Will this hybrid approach work for the desktop?

  • “Linux compatibility” is driving the server market, will this happen to Microsoft and Apple on the desktop?


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Links

  • This presentation:

    • http://k12linux.mesd.k12.or.us/nwrel/nwrel.ppt (powerpoint)

    • http://k12linux.mesd.k12.or.us/nwrel/ (html)

  • Brief history of Linux from CNN:http://www.cnn.com/2000/TECH/computing/02/11/mini.linux.history.idg/

  • My lousy webpage: http://k12linux.mesd.k12.or.us

  • The K12Linux project page:http://www.k12linux.org

  • MESD's webfiltering site: http://squidguard.mesd.k12.or.us

  • A great speech on technology and schools by Red Hat's CEO:http://www.technetcast.com/tnc_play_stream.html?stream_id=612

  • The Open Source NOW project:http://www.redhat.com/opensourcenow/

  • Red Hat success stories: http://www.redhat.com/solutions/migration/

  • The GPL: http://www.fsf.org/licenses/gpl.html

  • http://www.linux.org, http://www.gnu.org, http://www.freebsd.org, http://www.darwin.org, http://www.opensource.org


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