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Chapter 5. Crisis in the Colonies. European Rivals. What country was England’s biggest threat in trade ? France was Great Britain’s biggest rival in trade and colonization. What did some Native American tribes think was the only way to survive the conflicts between Britain and France ?

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Chapter 5

Chapter 5

Crisis in the Colonies

European rivals
European Rivals

  • What country was England’s biggest threat in trade?

  • France was Great Britain’s biggest rival in trade and colonization.

  • What did some Native American tribes think was the only way to survive the conflicts between Britain and France?

  • Tribes thought the only way to survive the conflicts was to take sides.

European rivals1
European Rivals

  • Who allied with the French?

  • The Algonquin and the Hurons

  • Who allied with the English?

  • Iroquois

Chapter 5 events terms due on thursday september 27
Chapter 5 Events TermsDue on Thursday, September 27

  • French and Indian War

  • Albany Plan of Union

  • Treaty of Paris, 1763*

  • Pontiac’s War

  • Proclamation of 1763

  • Stamp Act

  • Townshend Acts

  • Boston Massacre

  • Tea Act

  • Boston Tea Party

  • Intolerable Acts

  • Quebec Act

  • First Continental Congress

  • Battles of Lexington and Concord

French and indian war
French and Indian War

  • Cause: The Governor of Virginia sent Washington to build a fort in the Ohio River Valley.

  • Effect: Washington attacked the French but later surrendered.

French and indian war1
French and Indian War

  • Cause: Delegates from seven colonies met in Albany, NY to work toward unity.

  • Effect: No colonial assembly approved the Albany Plan of Union.

French and indian war2
French and Indian War

  • Cause: General Braddock ignored Indian scouts’ warnings near Fort Duquesne.

  • Effect: The French launched a surprise attack; Braddock and many other English were killed.

French and indian war3
French and Indian War

  • Cause: William Pitt became the Prime Minister in Great Britain.

  • Effect: Pitt sent his best generals to North America.

French and indian war4
French and Indian War

  • Cause: Britain surprised the French and won the Battle of Quebec.

  • Effect: The fighting between England and France ended in North America.

Key people and places
Key People and Places

  • George Washington-son of wealthy parents; gifted at mathematics; worked as a surveyor; led 150 men into the Ohio Country to build a British fort where the Monongahela and Allegheny rivers met; launched a surprise attack on French forces near Fort Duquesne that started the French and Indian War

  • Fort Duquesne (pages 143 and 144)-French fort at the beginning of the French and Indian War; site of first battles; renamed Fort Pitt after the British captured it

Key people and places1
Key People and Places

  • Fort Necessity-make-shift stockade Washington and his troops built to protect themselves from French attack

  • Benjamin Franklin-delegate from Pennsylvania who proposed the Albany Plan of Union

  • Albany Plan of Union-proposal by Benjamin Franklin to create one government for the 13 colonies

Key people and places2
Key People and Places

  • General Edward Braddock-British general who died in a battle near Fort Duquesne after refusing to follow Native American warnings

  • William Pitt-became head of British government in 1757 and sent his best generals to North America in an effort to win the French and Indian War

  • Treaty of Paris, 1763-a 1763 agreement between Britain and France that ended the French and Indian War; it marked the end of French power in North America

Taxation without representation
Taxation without Representation

  • What was the cause of Pontiac’s War?

  • The British raised prices of goods and settlers built farms and forts on Indian lands.

Taxation without representation1
Taxation without Representation

  • What did the Proclamation of 1763 state?

  • Colonists could not move beyond the crest of the Appalachian Mountains.

Taxation without representation2
Taxation without Representation

  • How did colonists react to the Proclamation of 1763?

  • The proclamation made colonists angry, so many ignored the law and moved west anyway.

Taxation without representation3
Taxation without Representation

  • Why did Parliament pass the Sugar Act in 1764?

  • England was deep in debt after the French and Indian War.

Taxation without representation4
Taxation without Representation

  • What reason did the colonists have for protesting the Stamp Act?

  • Colonists insisted that taxation without representation went against English traditions.

Taxation without representation5
Taxation without Representation

  • What did the Townshend Acts create besides new taxes?

  • Officers were allowed to inspect cargo without giving a reason.

Taxation without representation6
Taxation without Representation

  • What activities did the Sons of Liberty and the Daughters of Liberty organize?

  • Protests, mock hangings, petitions, boycotts

Taxation without representation7
Taxation without Representation

  • Identify the following:

  • Samuel Adams

  • Mercy Otis WarrenPatrick Henry

  • Samuel Adams-skilled at organizing people, protests, and stirring public support; one of the leaders of the Sons of Liberty

  • Mercy Otis Warren-wrote plays that made fun of British officials

  • Patrick Henry-often gave passionate speeches in the Virginia House of Burgesses-“Give me liberty or give me death”

Boston massacre
Boston Massacre

  • What led to the event? Taxes and quartering of soldiers

  • Who were involved in the Boston Massacre? British soldiers and Boston colonists

  • When did the event occur? March 5, 1770

  • How many people died in the Boston Massacre? Only five people died.

  • How did the colonists react? Protests, committee of correspondence, propaganda

Boston massacre1
Boston Massacre

  • What happened to the soldiers? They were arrested and tried. Only two were punished by having an M branded on their thumbs.

  • What happened in England on the same day? A bill was introduced to repeal most of the Townshend Acts.

Boston massacre2
Boston Massacre

  • Crispus Attucks-free black sailor killed in the Boston Massacre

  • Paul Revere-a Boston silversmith who fanned anti-British thoughts with his engraving of the Boston Massacre; *he also made a midnight ride on April 18, 1775 to warn the colonists that British soldiers were on their way to Concord, MA

  • John Adams-Massachusetts lawyer who defended the British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre

Taxation without representation8
Taxation without Representation

  • In what way did the Boston Massacre differ from earlier protests?

  • British soldiers fired on unarmed colonists; five colonists died.

Boston tea party after the quiz
Boston Tea PartyAfter the Quiz!

  • Use pages 155-158 to answer

  • Who led the party?

  • What did they do?

  • Where did this happen?

  • When?

  • Why did the Sons of Liberty do this?

  • How did Great Britain respond?

  • How did the colonies respond?

Tea act
Tea Act

  • The Tea Act was passed by Parliament in 1773.

  • It lowered the price of tea by allowing the British East India Company to bypass merchants.

  • The colonists refused to buy the tea because it included a tax.

  • Boycotts resumed.

Boston tea party
Boston Tea Party

  • Use pages 155-158 to answer

  • Who led the party?

  • Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty

  • What did they do?

  • Dumped 342 chests of tea into the harbor

  • Where did this happen?

  • Boston Harbor, MA

Boston tea party1
Boston Tea Party

  • When?

  • December 16, 1773

  • Why did the Sons of Liberty do this?

  • They believed the Tea Act was a “trick” to make the colonists pay a tax to England.

Boston tea party2
Boston Tea Party

  • How did Great Britain respond?

  • With the Intolerable Acts:

  • Closed the port of Boston

  • Allowed only one town meeting per year

  • Customs officials could be tried in Britain or Canada

  • New Quartering Act

Boston tea party3
Boston Tea Party

  • How did the colonies respond?

  • Delegates from 12 colonies met in the First Continental Congress.

  • They backed Massachusetts.

  • The delegates called on each colony to form a militia.

  • They agreed to meet in May 1775.

Shot heard round the world
“Shot heard ‘round the World”

  • Put these in chronological order.

  • 1 Minutemen were collecting guns and gunpowder

  • 2 April 18, 1775, 700 British troops left Boston for Concord

  • 3 Paul Revere made a midnight ride to warn of the coming British

  • 4 April 19, 1775, minutemen and British soldiers exchanged fire at Lexington

  • 5 Minutemen and British fought on a bridge outside of Concord

  • 6 British lost 73 men and 200 were missing or wounded

Chapter 5 test
Chapter 5 TEST

  • You may have a few minutes to look over your notes for your test today.