Speech Act. Presented by Wendi Episiasi Pratama Anindia. Speech act theory. Speech act theory was proposed by John. L. Austin and has been developed by J. R. Searle. They believe that language is not only used to inform or to describe things, it is often used to “do things”, to perform acts.
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Speech act theory was proposed by John. L. Austin and has been developed by J. R. Searle.They believe that language is not only used to inform or to describe things, it is often used to “do things”, to perform acts.
This could be a warning, an assurance, a dare, a hint, or a reminder to go and take your car out of the handicapped space you are parked in.
When he was campaigning, Clinton said he would not turn away any Haitian refugees.
When he became President, Clinton turned away Haitian refugees.
Clinton said that the conditions had changed.
Based on this, Daniel Schorr on National Public Radio said, “Campaigning is not the same as governing,” because the conditions are not the same.
- expressives and
David Crystal, quoting J.R. Searle, gives five categories: representatives, directives, commissives, expressive and declarative.
ex. The plane departs at 7:10.
ex. These arguments are correct.
ex. I’m worried about my term papers.
I appreciate your help.
Hand in your assignments.
Hi, Larry, how are you?
example: Closed (yes-no), Loaded, Open
Do you wear a seat belt?
example: Agreement, Appointment, Baptism, Declaration of Independence, Dedication, Marriage
ex. Clean up this mess!
The work was done by Elaine and myself
ex. I hereby order you that you clean up this mess.
I hereby tell you that the work was done by Elaine and myself
NOTE: These are preconditions
(Mey 126-127, 135)
This is known as “fishing for compliments.”
(Mey 129, 177)
(Milne, The House on Pooh Corner Chapter 10)