INTELLIGENCE & MOTIVATION. Oleh : Eka Sakti Yudha. What is Intelligence. Western: Mental agility/ mental speed . Pacific island: skill of navigation (the ability to read waves, clouds & stars) Luo People: R ieko (smartness, knowledge, ability, competences & power)
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Interest in measuring individual differences in mental ability began in the late 19th century. Sir Frances Galton
Alfred Binet & Theodore Simon a prominent French psychologist, was the first to develop an intelligence test that accurately predicted academic success.
Internal process that activates, guides and maintains behavior over time.
Clark Hull (Drive Reduction Theory)
(Fritz Haider, Harold Kelly, BernatWainer)
(Stimulus – Respondan Reinforcement)
Theory of Human Motivation