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INTELLIGENCE & MOTIVATION. Oleh : Eka Sakti Yudha. What is Intelligence. Western: Mental agility/ mental speed . Pacific island: skill of navigation (the ability to read waves, clouds & stars) Luo People: R ieko (smartness, knowledge, ability, competences & power)

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Intelligence motivation

INTELLIGENCE & MOTIVATION

Oleh:

EkaSaktiYudha


What is intelligence
What is Intelligence

  • Western: Mental agility/ mental speed.

  • Pacific island: skill of navigation (the ability to read waves, clouds & stars)

  • Luo People:

  • Rieko (smartness, knowledge, ability, competences & power)

  • Luoro is social qualities (respect & care for other, obedience, deligent)

  • Paro is the thinking involved in problem solving

  • Winjo is comprehending and understanding


Models of intelligence
Models of Intelligence

  • Spearman and ‘g’

  • Thrustone and Primary mental abilities

  • Guilford’s structure of intelect model

  • Gardner’s theory of multiple intelegence

  • Stenberg’s triarchic model of intelligence


1 spearman and g
1. Spearman and “g”

  • Charles Spearman (1904-1927) adalahseorangpsikologdiInggris.

  • General abilities “g” merujukpadakecepatan/ efisiensiotakmemprosesinformasi/ stimulus.(all intellectual tasks and mental abilities)

  • Specific mental abilities “s” adalahkecakapankhusus yang dimulikisecaraunikolehmasing-masingindividu


2 thurstone pma
2. Thurstone & PMA

  • In 1938 American psychologist Louis L. Thurstone proposed that intelligence was not one general factor, but a small set of independent factors of equal importance.

  • He called these factor Primary Mental Ability (PMA)

  • Thrustone & Thelma devised a set of 56 tests

  • 7 Abilities: numerical, verbal comprehension, word fluency, space, reasoning, memory & possibly perceptual speed.


3 guilford s structure of intellect model
3. Guilford’s structure of intellect model

  • Guilford menolahkonsep “g” dan PMA kemudianiamenyusun 3 dimensidasar

  • The processes or mental operation performed (thinking, evaluating, recalling)

  • The content or the kind of stimulus material that is involved (words or symbols, picture, sound, feeling & action

  • The form of the product being processed (relationship, units, classes, system and implication)


4 gardner s of theory of multiple intelegence
4. Gardner’s of theory of Multiple Intelegence

  • Howard Gardner adalahseorangpsikologAmerika

  • Iamenolaktesintelegensitradisionalkarenates-testersebutterlaludidominasiide-ide “barat”

  • Gardner (1983) memformulasikan 8 area intelegensi: Linguistik, Musical, Logismatematis, Spasial, Bodily kinestetic, Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, Naturalis


Stenberg s triarchic model of intelligence
Stenberg’s Triarchic model of intelligence

  • Triarchic model of intelligence:

  • Analytic, the mental aspect of an individual’s cognitive activity as in information processing skill and metacognition

  • Creative, an individual’s ability to respond to event in the light of previous experience.

  • Practical. How an individual copes with everyday environment


Implikasinya bagi pendidik
ImplikasinyabagiPendidik

  • Kurikulumdisekolahlebihluascakupannya agar dapatmemfasilitasiminatdanbakatsiswa (mis.ekskul)

  • Melakukandiagnosaawalterhadappesertadidik agar dapatmemberikanbimbingansesuaidenganintelgensinya.

  • Pendidikhendaknyawaspadaterhadapsiswa yang memilikibakatkhusus, sertaberupayauntukmengoptimalkannya



  • Interest in measuring individual differences in mental ability began in the late 19th century. Sir Frances Galton

  • He tried to relate intellectual ability to skills such as reaction time, sensitivity to physical stimuli, and body proportions. For example, he measured the highest and lowest pitch a person could hear and how well a person could detect minute differences between weights, colors, smells, and other physical stimuli.


  • Alfred ability began in the late 19th century. Binet & Theodore Simon a prominent French psychologist, was the first to develop an intelligence test that accurately predicted academic success.

  • Binet & Simon developed 30 items that measured practical and skill.

  • Test item required children to name object in picture, define world, repeat a set of digits, copy a simple shape, tell the time on an analog clock.


Contoh tes intelegensi binet simon
Contoh ability began in the late 19th century. tesintelegensiBinet-Simon


Wechsler s intelligence scales
Wechsler’s intelligence scales ability began in the late 19th century.

  • In 1939, David Wechsler proposes a solution to the problem of calculating adult IQ’s.

  • WAIS- Wechsler Adult Intelligent Scale

  • WEISC-III- Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children version III

  • WPPSI-III, Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence.


Strengths limitations of intelligence test
Strengths & Limitations of Intelligence test ability began in the late 19th century.

  • Kekuatan: dapatmemberikanlayananpendidikan yang tepatbagipesertadidik (underachieving, gifted)

  • Keterbatasan: berhubungandengnvaliditasdanreliabilitassebuahalattes, danhasiltestersebutdijadikanrujukanpengambilankeputusan


Peserta didik dengan kemampuan khusus
Peserta ability began in the late 19th century. DidikdenganKemampuanKhusus


Konsep gifted talent creativity
Konsep ability began in the late 19th century. gifted, talent & creativity

  • Gifted, merujukpadaindividu yang memiliki IQ yang tinggi

  • Talent, merujukpadaindividu yang memilikiperformance superior padasatubidangataulebih

  • Creativity, merujukpadaindividu yang berpikirsecarainovatifatauvaluable idea.


Karakteristik khusus
Karakteristik ability began in the late 19th century. khusus

  • Language and literacy related skill, memilikiperbendaharaankata yang kaya, kemampuandalammendiskusikankonsep yang kompleks, danmenguasaibeberapabahasa

  • Cognitive and problem solving skill, kecepatanmenguasaidanmemanggilinformasi, bekerjamandiri, perfectionist, mampumengaplikasikanilmudalamberbagaisetting.

  • Independence and broad interest and activities, inisiatif, minatnyaluasdalam art, musik &drama mampumembinahubungan yang baikdenganorang yang lebihtua


Bagaimana mengidentifikasi anak berbakat
Bagaimana ability began in the late 19th century. mengidentifikasianakberbakat?

  • ObservasidiKelas

  • Informasidariorangtua, peer group, tugas individual

  • Formal assesment

    • Achievment test

    • Tesintelegensi

    • Teskreativitas


Educational program for gifted students
Educational Program for Gifted students ability began in the late 19th century.

  • Program akselerasidengankurikulum yang berbeda


Strengths and limitations program
Strengths and Limitations Program ability began in the late 19th century.

  • Strengths

  • Pesertadidikterfasilitasidenganbakatkhusus yang dimilikinya, karenajikatidakmungkinsiswamengalamiunder achievement dangagalstudi

  • Limitations

  • Exclusive class memungkinkansiswamenjaditerisolirsecarasosial

  • Kelanjutan program padasekolah yang lebihtinggi

  • Kualitas guru yang harusdipersiapkanbaik


Motivation
MOTIVATION ability began in the late 19th century.


Definition
Definition ability began in the late 19th century.

Internal process that activates, guides and maintains behavior over time.


Theories of motivation
Theories of Motivation ability began in the late 19th century.

  • Behavioral

  • Cognitive

  • Social Learning theory

  • Humanist


Behavioral

Behavioral ability began in the late 19th century.

Pavlov (Stimulus-Respon)

Clark Hull (Drive Reduction Theory)


Cognitive

Cognitive ability began in the late 19th century.

Atribution theory

(Fritz Haider, Harold Kelly, BernatWainer)


Social learning theory

Social Learning Theory ability began in the late 19th century.

Julian Rotter

(Stimulus – Respondan Reinforcement)


Humanist

Humanist ability began in the late 19th century.

Theory of Human Motivation

(Abraham Maslow)


Thank you
Thank You !! ability began in the late 19th century.


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