Motivation. Definitions Content models Process models Putting it into action. Need. Tension. Drive. Search. Sat. Tension Reduction. FB. What is Motivation?. “Willingness to exert effort to reach organizational goals” The force that starts, sustains, and directs activity. Ability.
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FBWhat is Motivation?
MotivationWhy Does it Matter?
Accept responsibilityTheories X and Y
Reward close approximations, then closer approximations, until desired response is achieved
ExtinctionHow it Works
Reinforcement occurs at fixed intervals of time: the bimonthly paycheck.
Reinforcement occurs at random intervals of time: the supervisor visits the employee, on no fixed or set schedule, to praise at that time.
Reinforcement occurs after a set number of behaviors: piece rate pay.
Reinforcement occurs after a random number of behaviors: gambling, especially slot machines.Schedules of Reinforcement
of the Work
With the Work
Knowledge of the
Actual Results of the
FeedbackJob Characteristics Model
Strength of Employee Growth Need