Us mexican relations iii
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US-Mexican Relations III. No tengo un subtítulo. Qué lástima. US-MEX relations from an international security perspective (20th Century):. Threat of war unlikely. Each was a theoretical security threat to the other.

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US-Mexican Relations III

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Us mexican relations iii

US-Mexican Relations III

No tengo un subtítulo.

Qué lástima.


Us mex relations from an international security perspective 20th century

US-MEX relations from an international security perspective (20th Century):

  • Threat of war unlikely.

  • Each was a theoretical security threat to the other.

  • Note: 19th century experience of the Mexicans vis-à-vis the US (and early 20th)


Basic 20th century goals

BASIC 20TH CENTURY GOALS

  • MEXICO

    • Options not available: balancing with other states or internal development of sufficient might so as to resist.

    • Options available: open alliance or abnegation

  • US: Wanted to keep Mexico from having allies who were a military threat to the US (minimally acceptable outcome)


Policy

POLICY

  • 1940s-late 1960s

    • note: what was Mexico’s defense against an extra-continental attack

    • how does this strategy fit this reality?

    • how is political geography relevant?

    • note: 1951, Mexico refused to sign a defense assistance treaty with US

    • never broke ties with Cuba

    • note on 41—the lack of a small military in Mexico and the potential domestic politics implications


Policy1

POLICY

  • Mexico:

  • Eschewed alliances with any US rival

  • Pursued no foreign policy interest that the US might construe as a threat

  • Failed to develop a military capability that could resist the US

  • Relied on many different international sources for weapons

  • Cooperated little or not at all with US over international security issues


Changes over time

Changes over Time

  • Breaks down in the 70s and into the 80s, drugs become more of an issue

  • 1980s and Central America causes its own issues


Changes over time1

Changes over Time

  • 1990s: bandwagoning (def on 36)

    • Eschewed alliances with any US rival

    • Pursued no foreign policy interest that the US might construe as a threat

    • Failed to develop a military capability that could resist the US

    • Built up a substantial military capability to advance joint US-Mex anti-narcotics goals

    • Tilted towards US suppliers of weapons

    • Cooperated with US over int’l security, especially drugs and tolerated some unilateral actions by the US

      (source: Domínguez,, et al., 36-37)


Changes over time2

Changes over Time

  • ISSUES:

  • -Border: Treaty of Guadelupe-Hidalgo (1848) and Gadsden Treaty/Treaty of Mesilla (1853) and the agreement over the Chamizal (ended in 1963).

  • -Labor/Immigration


Changes over time3

Changes over Time

  • -illegal immigrants

  • -Bracero Agreement (WWII, Korea, early Cold War)—basically a formal “guest worker” agreement

  • -Narcotics/Intoxicants

  • -Marijuana early on

  • -Alcohol during prohibition

  • -Modern Ere began in 1969

  • -Operation: Intercept

  • -border closing/economic blackmail

  • -Operations: Condor

  • -poppy and marijuana elimination

  • -changed US-Mex relations

  • -Camarena assassination in 1985

  • -1986 and the creation of the certification process


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