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Chapter 5. Cadences and Nonharmonic Tones. Nonharmonic Tones. Nonharmonic tones are pitches that sound along with a chord but are not chord pitches. Pitches are dissonant Occur in a pattern of three pitches: 1 Preceding tone (chord tone) 2 Nonharmonic tone (not a chord tone)

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chapter 5

Chapter 5

Cadences and Nonharmonic Tones

nonharmonic tones
Nonharmonic Tones
  • Nonharmonic tones are pitches that sound along with a chord but are not chord pitches.
  • Pitches are dissonant
  • Occur in a pattern of three pitches:
    • 1 Preceding tone (chord tone)
    • 2 Nonharmonic tone (not a chord tone)
    • 3 Following tone (chord tone)
nonharmonic tones1
Nonharmonic Tones
  • Passing Tone (PT)
  • Neighboring Tone (NT)
  • Escape Tone (ET)
  • Anticipation (ANT)
  • Suspension (SUS)
  • Retardation (RE)
  • Appoggiatura (APP)
  • Changing Tone (CT)
  • Pedal Tone (PED)
unaccented nht
Unaccented NHT
  • Unaccented nonharmonic tones are nonharmonic tones that occur off the beat
  • Consist of passing tone, neighboring tone, escape tone, and anticipation
unaccented nht1
Unaccented NHT
  • Passing Tone
    • Approach by a step, depart by a step in the same direction
unaccented nht2
Unaccented NHT
  • Neighboring Tone
    • Approach by a step, depart by a step in the opposite direction
unaccented nht3
Unaccented NHT
  • Escape Tone
    • Only occur as unaccented nht
    • Approach by a step upward, depart by a skip down by a third
unaccented nht4
Unaccented NHT
  • Anticipation
    • Only occur as unaccented nht
    • Approach by step, depart by the same tone
accented nht
Accented NHT
  • Accented nonharmonic tones are nonharmonic tones that occur on the beat
  • Consist of passing tone, neighboring tone, suspension, retardation, and appoggiatura
accented nht1
Accented NHT
  • Passing Tone
    • Approach by a step, depart by a step in the same direction
accented nht2
Accented NHT
  • Suspension
    • One note carries over into the next chord, resolves downward
    • Melodic pattern is always as follows: the preparation, the suspension, the resolution
    • The suspended tone (the middle tone) is always dissonant
    • Suspensions are designated numerically by the interval forming the suspended tone and resolution with the lowest sounding voice
accented nht3
Accented NHT
  • Suspension
accented nht4
Accented NHT
  • Retardation
    • Similar to a suspension, except it resolves upward instead of downward
accented nht5
Accented NHT
  • Appoggiatura
    • Approach by a skip, depart by a step in the opposite direction
nht with three or more pitches
NHT with three or more pitches
  • Successive passing tones
  • Changing tones
  • Pedal tone
nht with three or more pitches1
NHT with three or more pitches
  • Succesive passing tones
    • Two passing tones occasionally fill in a fourth
    • Can be accented, unaccented, or a combination of both
nht with three or more pitches2
NHT with three or more pitches
  • Changing tones
    • Consist of two successive nht’s.
    • Leads by a step from the chord tone, skips to another nht, and then leads by a step to a chord (often the same chord tone)
nht with three or more pitches3
NHT with three or more pitches
  • Pedal tone
    • A held or repeated note
    • Usually in the lowest voice
    • Alternates between consonance and dissonance with the chord structures above it
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