WWII. The World Between the Wars. A Struggle for Change in Latin America. The Mexican Revolution Desires for land, better wages, and democratic reforms Result: a new constitution that set goals for future social and political changes Nationalism The Good Neighbor Policy.
France Pursues Security
The Maginot Line
Fascism is the totalitarian philosophy of government that glorifies the state and nation and assigns to the state control over every aspect of national life.
From the German Point of View
Lost – but not forgotten country
Into your heart you are to dig these words as into stone; Which we have lost may not truly be lost!
The “Stab-In-The-Back” Theory.
German soldiers are dissatisfied
Emperor Haile Selassie
Removal of the border
German troops march into Warsaw
Dunkirk evacuated June 4, 1940
The French Resistance Flag
Charles de Gaulle
Who is this?
2 ½ year siege of Leningrad, Stalin urged Churchill to open up a second front.
1937 December, Chinese dead bodies on the shore of Yangtze River with a Japanese soldier standing nearby
Yesterday, Dec. 7, 1941 - a date which will live in infamy - the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan…
..With confidence in our armed forces - with the unbounding determination of our people - we will gain the inevitable triumph - so help us God.
I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, Dec. 7, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese empire.
European and American possessions in the Pacific fell one by one to the Japanese.
Lily Litvak: Soviet pilot, shot down 12 German planes before she herself was killed.
Allied invasion of Italy, July 1943
El Alamein: British General Bernard Montgomery finally stopped Rommel’s advance.
General Ernst Rommel: The “Desert Fox”
British General Bernard Montgomery: “Monty”
Another major turning point in the war occurred in the Soviet Union. Germans were stalled outside Moscow and Leningrad. In 1942, Hitler launched a new offensive.
The battle cost the Germans 300,000 troops. The Red Army took the offensive and drove the invaders out of the Soviet Union.
1942-1945: The War in the Pacific.
USN Dauntlesses Dive bombers in the pacific
The Battle of Midway was the 1st major US victory in the Pacific & a major turning point in the war.
US Navy dive-bombers fight of Japan's fighter during the battle of Midway
Iwo Jima after the US invasion
Landing operations in the Solomon Islands
(25 A) 3
Marines raise the flag on Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima.
(27 A) 12
Germany’s Last Stand: Battle of the Bulge delayed the inevitable defeat of the Germans
US troops enter Germany
1945: US soldiers on parade in Paris
Though the Japanese were losing, they had 2 million troops and a determination to fight to the last man, woman, and child.
The US makes the decision to use the atomic
bomb on Japan in order to limit US casualties.
The Enola Gay landing at Tinian Island after dropping the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima- August 6, 1945
The Japanese were going to continue, but on August 10, 1945, the Emperor broke with the tradition of staying out of the picture, and called for the war to end.
Rudolf Hoess, Nazi commander at Auschwitz, would later admit that he had supervised the killing of some two and a half million people
Execution of Jews by Nazis, used as evidence during the trials
German officers on trial: Goring, Hess, von Riddentrop, and Keitel.
Second row: Donitz, Raeder, Schirach, Saukel
Allies in Dusseldorf