Morphology
Download
1 / 16

Morphology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 166 Views
  • Uploaded on

Morphology. Word formation and structure Morpheme: free, bound Affix: prefix, suffix, etc. Inflection Derivation Mental Lexicon. How do A and B differ?. A B table deactivation purple cats run loudly bright blackbird many careful of talking

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Morphology' - doli


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Morphology
Morphology

  • Word formation and structure

  • Morpheme: free, bound

  • Affix: prefix, suffix, etc.

  • Inflection

  • Derivation

  • Mental Lexicon


How do a and b differ
How do A and B differ?

  • AB

  • table deactivation

  • purple cats

  • run loudly

  • bright blackbird

  • many careful

  • of talking

  • => B words are morphologically complex.


Free morphemes
Free Morphemes

  • Can stand alone as words

  • table act

  • purple cat

  • run loud

  • bright black

  • many bird

  • of care

  • talk


Bound morphemes cannot stand alone as words
Bound Morphemes (Cannot stand alone as words)

  • Prefix

  • de-activate, de-contaminate

  • un-happy, un-lucky

  • re-establish, re-assure

  • dis-own, dis-member


  • Suffix

  • cat-s, universitie-s

  • excite-ment, amaze-ment

  • burglar-ize, steril-ize

  • care-ful, will-ful

  • loud-ly, nice-ly, angri-ly

  • round-er, tall-er

  • talk-ing, sleep-ing


Derivation vs inflection
Derivation vs. Inflection

  • Derivation creates new words.

  • => Can change category and/or meaning

  • Inflection produces grammatical variants of the same word.

  • => Never changes category or meaning


Inflection
Inflection

  • cat (N) cats (N)

  • talk (V) talked (V)

  • big (Adj) bigger (Adj)


Inflection only changes grammatical form
Inflection only changes grammatical form.

  • Number (N): cat/cats decision/decisions

  • Case (N): Jane/Jane’s Mark/Mark’s

  • Tense (V): shout/shouted/shouting

  • Agreement (V): They run./(S)he runs.


Derivation
Derivation

  • Category Change

  • act (V) => active (Adj)

  • amaze (V) => amazement (N)

  • sterile (Adj) => sterilize (V

  • care (N) => careful (Adj)

  • loud (Adj) => loudly (Adv)



Derivation takes place before inflection
Derivation takes place before inflection.

  • act+iv+ate+d

  • *act+ed+iv+ate

  • compart+ment+al+ize+d

  • compart+ment+al+iz+ation

  • *compart+ment+al+ize+d+ation


Mental lexicon
Mental Lexicon

  • Morphemes and word formation processes are part of the mental lexicon.

  • Derived words are stored in the mental lexicon.


Creative word formation
Creative Word Formation

  • Possible because we have a mental lexicon.

  • shush

  • shush-er

  • shush-ee

  • un-shush-able


  • -er: V=>N

    • (N refers to the agent of V)

  • -ee: V=>N

    • (N refers to the patient of V)

  • -able: V=>Adj

    • (Adj expresses the possibility of V)

  • un-: Adj1=>Adj2

    • (Adj2 expresses the opposite of Adj1)


More new words
More New Words

  • bogosity:

  • => degree to which something is bogus

  • bogos + -ity

  • -ity: Adj=>N

    • (N expresses state or degree of Adj)

    • clarity, agility, ability


Even more creative
Even More Creative

  • ambimoustrous:

  • => capable of operating a mouse with either hand

  • ambi- + mouse(tr) + -ous

  • On analogy with ambidextrous

  • ambi + dexter + ous


ad